Improving the lives of people with disability – the role of data

But through a WHO-backed initiative, she and her colleagues at Chile ’s National Disability Service have developed up-to-date information on disability in her Latin American nation, and are using this to strengthen services for people who need them.
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: disabilities [subject], physically disabled, mentally disabled, disabled persons, people with disabilities, Chile [country], Press release [doctype], Region of the Americas [region] Source Type: news

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Ischemic stroke is a predominant cause of disability worldwide, with thrombolytic or mechanical removal of the occlusion being the only therapeutic option. Reperfusion bears the risk of an acute deleterious calcium-dependent breakdown of the blood-brain barrier. Its mechanism, however, is unknown. Here, we identified type 5 NADPH oxidase (NOX5), a calcium-activated, ROS-forming enzyme, as the missing link. Using a humanized knockin (KI) mouse model and in vitro organotypic cultures, we found that reoxygenation or calcium overload increased brain ROS levels in a NOX5-dependent manner. In vivo, postischemic ROS formation, in...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze increases in total life expectancy and its components [disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and disability life expectancy (DLE)] at ages 60, 70, and 80 in Brazil and Major Regions in 1998 and 2013. The study used data on disability obtained from the 1998 National Household Sample Survey (PNAD – acronym in Portuguese) and 2013 National Health Survey (PNS – acronym in Portuguese) and used the Sullivan method to estimate DFLE by sex and age. The findings show that there was an increase in life expectancy and a concomitant increase in DFLE between 1998 and 2013. However, the gains in ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Resumo Em pa íses desenvolvidos, a violência é a principal causa de lesões bucomaxilofaciais (LBMF). No Brasil, há poucas evidências sobre tais lesões. Objetivou-se caracterizar as LBMF resultantes de agressão física em uma capital do nordeste brasileiro e analisar diferenças entre gêneros. Foram inve stigados 15.847 laudos do Instituto Médico Legal de São Luís/MA, ocorridos em 2012. Coletaram-se dados socioeconômicos, demográficos e características das LBMF. Utilizaram-se os testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fis...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of capacitive resistive monopolar radiofrequency (RF=448 kHz), in comparison with a placebo, on (1) reducing neck pain intensity at myofascial trigger points (MTrP), (2) decreasing neck disability and (3) improving cervical range of motion (CROM). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (NCT02353195) was carried out. Patients with myofascial chronic neck pain (N=24) with active MTrP in one upper trapezius muscle were randomly divided into two groups: a radio-frequency group, which received eight sessions of a monopolar capacitive resi...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Swedish MS study shows patients are taking longer to reach disability milestones
Source: MedPage Today Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: news
Women are responsible for providing water for their families. Many spend hours travelling to the wells and back home every day, carrying heavy clay pots on their heads. Credit: Irfan Ahmed/IPSBy Monika Weber-FahrSTOCKHOLM, Sweden, Mar 18 2019 (IPS) I am drafting this on International Women’s Day – March 8 – with an eye towards World Water Day on March 22. On International Women’s Day we celebrate progress in gender equality. At the same time, we recognize how much remains to be done: how many women remain excluded from decision-making across many professions. Changing this is urgent. Water – c...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Combating Desertification and Drought Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Global Green Economy Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Water & Sanitation W Source Type: news
Funding Opportunity RFA-HD-20-005 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. In this funding opportunity announcement (FOA), the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research within NICHD invites applications for research project grants addressing the rehabilitation needs of children with chronic, physical disabilities.
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Abstract Hypertension increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, is commonly known as a silent killer disease and considered as one of the key risk factor for premature death and disability over the world. Herein, we report for the first time a sensitive, costless and reproducible voltammetric method for individual determination of five antihypertensive drugs namely, propranolol (PRO), timolol (TIM), amlodipine (AML), amiloride (AMI) and triamterene (TRI) using differential pulse voltammetry at bare/unmodified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPEs) in presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Each drug exhib...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit in Intellectual Disability Intervention:   Device: Quantitative attention evaluation criteria in intellectual disability Sponsors:   Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris;   Plateforme PRISME Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Joint replacement surgery represents one of the biggest and most life-changing advances in modern medicine. It has meant the difference between disability from crippling arthritis and nearly normal mobility for millions of people in recent decades. The hip and knee are, by far, the most commonly replaced joints, and they have the most reliable results. In the US each year, more than 300,000 hips and 700,000 knees are replaced, and the results are generally good. But every time a joint is replaced, an important question looms: how long will it last? It’s a fair question. After all, no one wants to go through the risk,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Bones and joints Health Surgery Source Type: blogs
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