The impact of axillary ultrasound with biopsy in overtreatment of early breast cancer
Conclusions FNAC-positive tumors have greater axillary burden, even in patients fulfilling ACOSOG Z0011 criteria. Using axillary US/FNAC to triage patients meeting Z0011 criteria may result in axillary overtreatment. The number of suspicious nodes seen in axillary US is related with the final axillary burden and should be taken into account when deciding to do FNAC in patients fulfilling ACOSOG Z0011 criteria.
In the past four decades, a variety of methods for minimal or non-invasive diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have been introduced. Although breast imaging has become more and more specific for diagnosis, specimen biopsy with histopathological confirmation is still necessary. Core-needle biopsy under ultrasound guidance is the appropriate first choice for the diagnosis of most lesions. Fine-needle aspiration is of interest for identification of the presence of metastatic disease in abnormal lymph nodes.
ConclusionIn patients with breast cancer mediastinal metastases, ER, PR and HER2 expression can be assessed in samples obtained by EBUS‐TBNA whenever a sufficient tissue sample is collected.
CONCLUSIONS: CNB is safe and should be the preferred technique for UNS to improve sensitivity. PMID: 29063297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsCNB is safe and should be the preferred technique for UNS to improve sensitivity.
Conclusions Patients in whom axillary metastases are detected by ultrasound-guided biopsy have significantly more involved nodes than SLNB-positive patients, and therefore are likely to benefit from axillary treatment.
Ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-guided FNA) for axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) is currently used with various techniques for the initial staging of breast cancer and tagging of ALNs. With the implementation of the tattooing of biopsied ALNs, the rate of false-negative results of US-guided FNA for non-palpable and suspicious ALNs and concordance with sentinel lymph nodes were determined by node-to node analyses. A total of 61 patients with breast cancer had negative results for metastasis on US-guided FNA of their non-palpable and suspicious ALNs.
CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative diagnosis of axillary LNs was influenced by the diagnostic tool used. CNB is a reliable method for the preoperative diagnosis of LN metastasis. PMID: 28735457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The purpose of this study was to build a mathematical model to predict the probability of axillary lymph node metastasis based on the ultrasonographic features of axillary lymph nodes and the tumor characteristics. We included 74 patients (75 axillae) with invasive breast cancer who underwent axillary ultrasonography ipsilateral to the tumor and fine-needle aspiration of one selected lymph node. Lymph node pathology results from sentinel lymph node biopsy or surgical dissection were correlated with lymph node ultrasonographic data and with the cytologic findings of fine-needle aspiration.
The aim of this study was to evaluate shear wave elastography (SWE) for pre-operative evaluation of axillary lymph node (LN) status in patients with suspected breast cancer. A total of 130 axillary LNs in 130 patients who underwent SWE before fine-needle aspiration, core biopsy or surgery were analyzed. On gray-scale images, long and short axes, shape (elliptical or round), border (sharp or unsharp) and cortical thickening (concentric, eccentric or no fatty hilum) of LNs were assessed. On SWE, mean, maximum, minimum, standard deviation and the lesion-to-fat ratio (Eratio) values of elasticity were collected.
ConclusionsWe observed no cases of nodal metastasis in 20 consecutive cases of ACC of the breast. Preoperative axillary ultrasound with FNA of suspicious nodes accurately predicted pathologic nodal stage. These data suggest axillary surgery might be omitted safely in patients with pure ACC and a clinically negative axilla.