Comment Clemastine fumarate for promotion of optic nerve remyelination

The regulatory approval of 15 disease-modifying medications to reduce inflammatory lesion activity in relapsing multiple sclerosis illustrates the dramatic progress made in the treatment of this frequently disabling condition. None of these medications, however, directly promotes repair of the damaged CNS. As a result, therapies to prevent accumulation of permanent disability and, especially, to reverse pre-existing disability represent major unmet needs.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Comment Source Type: research

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AbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration and impaired repair mechanisms that lead to neurological disability. The crux of MS is the patient ’s own immune cells attacking self-antigens in the CNS, namely the myelin sheath that protects nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Restoring antigen-specific tolerance via therapeutic vaccination is an innovative and exciting approach in MS therapy. Indeed, leveraging the body’s attempt to prevent autoimmunity, i.e., tolerization, focuses on the underl...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, senescence of vascular cells promotes the development of age-related disorders, including heart failure, diabetes, and atherosclerotic diseases, while suppression of vascular cell senescence ameliorates phenotypic features of aging in various models. Recent findings have indicated that specific depletion of senescent cells reverses age-related changes. Although the biological networks contributing to maintenance of homeostasis are extremely complex, it seems reasonable to explore senolytic agents that can act on specific cellular components or tissues. Several clinical trials of senolytic agents are currentl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29513402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, an overview of the current knowledge about the unique properties of hESC and their comparison with other cell therapies has been presented for the treatment of patients with MS. PMID: 29483778 [PubMed]
Source: Stem Cells and Cloning: Advances and Applications - Category: Stem Cells Tags: Stem Cells Cloning Source Type: research
Ongoing axonal degeneration is thought to underlie disability in chronic neuroinflammation, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), especially during its progressive phase. Upon inflammatory attack, axons undergo pathological swelling, which can be reversible. Because we had evidence for beneficial effects of T helper 2 lymphocytes in experimental neurotrauma and discovered interleukin-4 receptor (IL-4R) expressed on axons in MS lesions, we aimed at unraveling the effects of IL-4 on neuroinflammatory axon injury. We demonstrate that intrathecal IL-4 treatment during the chronic phase of several experimental autoimmune encephalomy...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
FINDINGSA study by UCLA researchers reveals the cellular basis for how the hormone estrogen protects against damage to the central nervous system in women with multiple sclerosis, or MS. The researchers found that estrogen treatment exerts positive effects on two types of cells during disease — immune cells in the brain as well as cells called oligodendrocytes.BACKGROUNDUCLADr. Rhonda VoskuhlMultiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease marked by visual impairment, weakness and sensory loss, as well as cognitive decline. These symptoms emerge when inflammatory immune cells destroy the myelin s...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
FINDINGSA UCLA study found that gene expression in specific cells and in specific regions of the body can provide a more precise, neuroprotective approach than traditional treatments for neurological diseases. Gene expression is the process by which genetic instructions are used to synthesize gene products, such as proteins, which go on to perform essential functions.For multiple sclerosis, specifically, increasing cholesterol synthesis gene expression in astrocytes of the spinal cord can be a pathway to repair nerves that affect walking.BACKGROUNDMultiple sclerosis is an autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease characterized...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Welcome to The Neuroscience Report where each week we will highlight a specific topic in neuroscience and provide you with links to 5 journal articles, 5 news articles, and 5 wildcard picks. Brought to you by Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience—your source for peer-reviewed, evidence-based information. This week’s topic: Discoveries in Neurodegenerative Diseases 5 Journal Articles Pathogenesis and progression of multiple sclerosis: the role of arachidonic acid-mediated neuroinflammation Down-regulation of MiR-9* in the peripheral leukocytes of Huntington’s disease patients The mirror neurons...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Neurodegenerative Disease The Neuroscience Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results suggest that strain-specific changes in chromatin and transcription in response to chemical exposure lead to a “compensation” for underlying genetic-driven interindividual differences in the baseline chromatin and transcriptional state. This work represents an example of how chemical and environmental exposures can be evaluated to better understand gene-by-environment interactions, and it demonstrates the important role of chromatin response in transcriptomic changes and, potentially, in deleterious effects of exposure. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1937 Received: 21 March 2017 Revis...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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