Inflammatory and Cell-Mediated Immune Responses in the Respiratory Tract of Chickens to Infection with Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus

Viral Immunology , Vol. 0, No. 0.
Source: Viral Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: article Source Type: research

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The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1]. Figures  1A, 1D and 2B (bottom right) are identical with Figures 1A, 1H and 1B respectively in another article [2] which reports a study in a different species. In addition, Table 1 contains data presented in a third article [3], which also reports a study in a different species. The Editor-in-Chief ther efore no longer has confidence in the validity of the data and the conclusions drawn. Tereza C. Cardoso disagrees with this retraction. Helena L. Ferreira agrees with this retraction. Sergio E. L. da Silva, Andrea F. Garcia, Felipe E. S. Silva, Roberto Game...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Abstract Some of the respiratory viral infections in chickens pose a significant threat to the poultry industry and public health. In response to viral infections, host innate responses provide the first line of defense against viruses, which often act even before the establishment of the infection. Host cells sense the presence of viral components through germinal encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). The engagement of PRRs with pathogen-associated molecular patterns leads to the induction of pro-inflammatory and interferon productions. Induced antiviral responses play a critical role in the outcome of th...
Source: Cytokine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Cytokine Source Type: research
Wu Cui Cao Huang The QX-type avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is still a prevalent genotype in Southwestern China. To analyze the antigenicity and pathogenicity characteristics of the dominant genotype strains (QX-type), S1 gene sequence analysis, virus cross-neutralization tests, and pathogenicity test of eight QX-type IBV isolates were conducted. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide homology between the eight strains was high, but distantly related to H120 and 4/91 vaccine strains. Cross-neutralization tests showed that all eight strains isolated from 2015 and 2017 belonged to the same sero...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We examined the pathogenic effects of the viruses in chicken embryos and the size and morphology of the virus particles, performed phylogenetic analysis based on the S1 gene and complete genomic sequences, and examined the antibody responses against infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). The results suggested that the viruses I0623/17 and I0710/17 were avian coronaviruses and were identified as pheasant coronaviruses (PhCoV), with greatest similarity to IBV. Further investigations of the antigenicity, complete genome organization, substitutions in multiple genes, and viral pathogenicity, replication, and shedding in chickens a...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
AbstractDespite the fact that vaccine resistance has been typically considered a rare phenomenon, some episodes of vaccine failure have been reported with increasing frequency in intensively-raised livestock. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a widespread avian coronavirus, whose control relies mainly on extensive vaccine administration. Unfortunately, the continuous emergence of new vaccine-immunity escaping variants prompts the development of new vaccines. In the present work, a molecular epidemiology study was performed to evaluate the potential role of homologous vaccination in driving IBV evolution. This was undert...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
J. Maier Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) was first identified in Hong Kong in 2012 from samples taken from pigs in 2009. PDCoV was subsequently identified in the USA in 2014 in pigs with a history of severe diarrhea. The virus has now been detected in pigs in several countries around the world. Following the development of tissue culture adapted strains of PDCoV, it is now possible to address questions regarding virus–host cell interactions for this genera of coronavirus. Here, we presented a detailed study of PDCoV-induced replication organelles. All positive-strand RNA viruses induce the rearrangement of ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study reports on the simultaneous administration of live NDV or aMPV subtype B vaccines alongside two live IBV (Massachusetts-H120 and 793B-CR88) vaccines in day-old maternal-antibody positive commercial broiler chicks. In the first experiment, chicks were divided into four groups; one unvaccinated and three groups vaccinated with live NDV VG/GA-Avinew, live H120 + CR88, or VG/GA-Avinew + H120 + CR88. In the second experiment, live aMPV subtype B vaccine was used in place of NDV. Clinical signs were monitored daily and oropharyngeal swabs were taken at regular intervals for vaccine virus detection. Blood w...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
In this study, a rapid and easy-to-use assay based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) was developed for MDV detection. Primer-probe sets targeted the highly conserved region of Meq gene were designed and applied to the RPA assay. The assay was carried out on a real-time thermostatic fluorescence detector at 39 °C for 20 min. As revealed by the results, no cross-reactions were founded with the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), avian infectious anemia virus (CAV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), avain influenza virus (...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the IBVs circulating in southern China over the past decade have experienced a remarkable change in genetic diversity, dominant genotypes, and selection pressure, indicating the importance of permanent monitoring of circulating strains and the urgency for developing new vaccines to counteract the emerging LX4-type and New-type IBVs.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, a pathogenic avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) QX-type strain YN was successfully rescued by vaccinia virus based reverse genetic technology. Ten fragments contiguously spanning the complete IBV genome were amplified and cloned into the vaccinia virus genome by homologous recombination. The full-length genomic cDNA was transcribed in vitro, and its transcript was transfected into BHK-21/N cells that could stably express IBV N protein. At 48 h post transfection, the culture medium was harvested and inoculated into 10-day-old specific-pathogen-free embryonated chicken eggs to replicate the rescued...
Source: Virus Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Virus Res Source Type: research
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