Sanitary Sewer Overflows and Emergency Room Visits for Gastrointestinal Illness: Analysis of Massachusetts Data, 2006 –2007

Conclusions: We demonstrated an association between SSO events and ER visits for GI illness using a case-crossover study design. In light of the aging water infrastructure in the United States and the expected increase in heavy rainfall events, our findings suggest a potential health impact associated with sewage overflows. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2048 Received: 13 April 2017 Revised: 20 October 2017 Accepted: 24 October 2017 Published: 28 November 2017 Address correspondence to J.S. Jagai, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2121 W. Taylor St. Chicago, Illinois 60612. Telephone: 312-413-9375. Email: jjagai2@uic.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2048). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental Material PDF (447 KB) Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The concept of soldier-centered care often emerges in discussions about optimal physical performance and medical readiness for soldiers. Although soldier-centered care and patient-centered care have similar conceptual underpinning, it is important to clarify the unique physical and medical requirements for soldiers that differentiate soldier-centered care from patient-centered care. Implementing the defining attributes of soldier-centered care in the U.S. Army primary care setting may improve the quality of care and health outcomes for soldiers. When defining performance metrics for primary care models of care...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Karine E. Manera, David W. Johnson, Jonathan C. Craig, Jenny I. Shen, Talia Gutman, Yeoungjee Cho, Angela Yee-Moon Wang, Edwina A. Brown, Gillian Brunier, Jie Dong, Tony Dunning, Rajnish Mehrotra, Saraladevi Naicker, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Jeffrey Perl, Martin Wilkie, Allison Tong, Adeera Levin, Adrian Liew, Alfonso Cueto ManzanoOutcomes reported in randomized controlled trials in peritoneal dialysis (PD) are diverse, are measured inconsistently, and may not be important to patients, families, and clinicians. The Standar...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Primary care is the bedrock of a health care system that works. For most people, seeing a doctor regularly can help prevent small medical concerns from turning into full-blown emergencies. For the next episode of The Dose podcast, we hear from Los Angeles Times reporter Noam Levey, who recently wrote about the differences between the primary care systems in the United States and the Netherlands through the eyes of two doctors, one working in each country.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnti-black racial attitudes are a critical barrier to enacting health policies that stand to improve health equity in the United States. Public health practitioners and policymakers should consider racism as an essential barrier to overcome in the push for greater health equity in the United States.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Introduction Most road traffic crash injuries are minor to moderate in severity, but can still lead to persistent disability. One aspect of this disability is being unable to return to paid employment. Being unable to work has follow-on effects for person...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of American College Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of the inclusion of neural mobilization into a motor control exercise program on pain, related disability, neuropathic symptoms, straight leg raise, and pressure pain threshold in lumbar radiculopathy. Design This is a randomized clinical trial. Methods Individuals with low back pain, with confirmed disc herniation, and lumbar radiculopathy were randomly assigned to receive eight sessions of either neurodynamic mobilization plus motor control exercises (n = 16) or motor control exercises alone (n = 16). Outcomes included pain, disability, neuropathic sym...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions Stabilization exercises could improve the voluntary activity of transverse abdominal muscle of mothers of children with cerebral palsy.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
The aim of the study was to assess physiatrists' knowledge of the cost of medications commonly prescribed at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation units across the spectrum of practice experience from residents to attending physicians. Investigators contacted 92 pharmacies across four major regions of the United States and averaged the cash price of each medication. An electronic survey was created highlighting 17 medications in which physicians estimated the cost of a medication per pill and per month for a 30-day supply. Surveys were sent to all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education–accredited prog...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: RFS – Education and Training Source Type: research
Researchers from theCincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center are utilizingmultichannel deep neural network model (mcDNN) in conjunction with MRI to predict attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, according to a  studyrecently published inRadiology: Artificial Intelligence. In the United States, a total of 6.1 million children have been diagnosed with ADHD. Many children with ADHD also struggle with at least one other mental, emotional, or behavioral condition, and 30 percent of youth suffer from anxiety. To lessen the symptoms, many children undergo a combination of behavioral therapy and med...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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