Cross ‐sectional survey of health management and prevalence of vector‐borne diseases, endoparasites and ectoparasites in Samoan dogs

ConclusionsThere was a very high prevalence of D. immitis, hookworm and external parasites in Samoan dogs, and prophylactic medication is rarely administered. This is the first report confirming A. platys in Samoa and the South Pacific islands. The public health implications of poor management of the dogs should be considered and investigated further.
Source: Australian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: SMALL ANIMALS Source Type: research

Related Links:

Contributors : J Li ; Z Wu ; J WangSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Gallus gallusPurpose:In order to assess the respiratory toxicity of co-infection in chicken lung, we established a co-infection model to investigate transcriptome profiles of chicken lung.Methods: RNA extracted by Trizol reagent (Invitrogen) was utilized to construct the final library (BGISEQ-500 RNA-Seq Library) based on the manufacturer ’s instructions. Library was validated on the Agilent Technologies 2100 bioanalyzer. The library was amplified with phi29 to make DNA nanoball (DNB) which had more than 300 ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Gallus gallus Source Type: research
In this study we overcame several critical growth issues related to epitaxy in AlGaN deep-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes. Irregular-shaped pits with dislocation clusters were observed in micron-thick layers of AlGaN on AlN. The strain-induced morphology and defects were suppressed after the insertion of superlattice transition layers between the AlGaN and AlN layers. The defect luminescence in the active region was governed by radiative recombination through the oxygen shallow donors and deep acceptors related to III-vacancies. After optimization of the growth conditions and a decrease in growth interruption, the intens...
Source: Results in Physics - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Saroj Kumar Sah, Ubaid Rasool, D. Mubarak Ali, S. HemalathaAbstractAndrographis paniculata (Acanthaceae) is a well-known medicinal plant and is conventionally used in herbal medicine for the treatment of several diseases such as cancer, metabolic disorders, skin infections, respiratory tract infections, etc. In this present study, ethyl acetate extract of A. paniculata was used to test its efficacy on controlling growth and biofilm formation in multi drug resistant pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli through mic...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, two penaeidin homologues termed FmPEN3 and FmPEN5 were cloned and identified from Fenneropenaeus merguiensis for the first time. The complete open reading frames (ORFs) of FmPEN3 and FmPEN5 were 216 bp and 240 bp, encoding 71 and 79 amino acids, respectively. Both FmPEN3 and FmPEN5 contain an N-terminal proline-rich domain (PRD) and a C-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD). The genome structure of FmPEN3 and FmPEN5 genes both consist of 2 exons and 1 intron. qPCR analysis showed that FmPEN3 was constitutively expressed but FmPEN5 transcripts were found only in hemocytes, gills, epidermis, nerve and pyloric ce...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, a novel single WAP domain-containing peptide (LvSWD4) was identified from Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. The promoter of LvSWD4 was predicted to harbor multiple STAT-binding DNA motifs. Over-expression of the JAK-STAT pathway components STAT, JAK and Domeless in vitro significantly enhanced the transcriptional activity of the LvSWD4 promoter, and in vivo silencing of STAT and the the JAK-STAT pathway upstream regulator IRF down-regulated the expression of LvSWD4, suggesting that LvSWD4 could be a target gene of the JAK-STAT pathway. The expression of LvSWD4 was significantly increased after infec...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study provides a protocol of producing a biologically active survivin-targeting macromolecule, T34A-C84A-dNSur-His, which can be used as a tool for studying the molecular and cellular roles of survivin in cells. T34A-C84A-dNSur-His is also a potential therapeutic agent for augmenting cancer therapy.
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 September 2019Source: Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 371Author(s): Margaret M. Busse, Matouš Becker, Bruce M. Applegate, Joseph W. Camp, Ernest R. BlatchleyAbstractConventional solar disinfection (SODIS) processes rely on UVA radiation due to exclusion of shorter wavelengths by common SODIS containers. Because of this, these processes are slow and could be improved by inclusion of UVB radiation, which has been reported to be more effective for microbial inactivation than UVA on a photon basis, but is typically present at lower spectral irradiance. To examine the potential for microbial inac...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Abstract Parasitic infection risks in domestic animals may increase as a result of outdoor activities, often leading to transmission events to and from owners, other domestic animals and wildlife. Furthermore, outdoor access has not been quantified in domestic animals as a risk factor with respect to latitude or parasite transmission pathway. Cats are an ideal model to test parasitic infection risk in outdoor animals because there have been many studies analysing this risk factor in this species; and there is a useful dichotomy in cat ownership between indoor-only cats and those with outdoor access. Thus, we used ...
Source: Biology Letters - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Lett Source Type: research
Abstract Parasites and parasitic lifestyles have evolved from free-living organisms multiple times. How such a key evolutionary transition occurred remains puzzling. Facultative parasites represent potential transitional states between free-living and fully parasitic lifestyles because they can be either free-living or parasitic depending on environmental conditions. We suggest that facultative parasites with phenotypically plastic life-history strategies may serve as evolutionary stepping-stones towards obligate parasitism. Pre-adaptations provide a starting point for the transition towards opportunistic or facul...
Source: Biology Letters - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Natalie A. Villani, Garrett Bullock, Jennifer R. Michaels, Osamu Yamato, Dennis P. O'Brien, Tendai Mhlanga-Mutangadura, Gary S. Johnson, Martin L. KatzAbstractThe neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive declines in neurological functions following normal development. The NCLs are distinguished from similar disorders by the accumulation of autofluorescent lysosomal storage bodies in neurons and many other cell types, and are classified as lysosoma...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
More News: Australia Health | Borrelia | Gastroenteritis | Giardiasis | HIV-Leishmania Co-infection | International Medicine & Public Health | Lyme Disease | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Samoa Health | Skin | Study | Veterinary Research