Two heart failure phenotypes in arterial hypertension: a clinical study

Two heart failure phenotypes in arterial hypertension: a clinical studyTwo heart failure phenotypes in arterial hypertension: a clinical study, Published online: 27 November 2017; doi:10.1038/s41371-017-0017-yTwo heart failure phenotypes in arterial hypertension: a clinical study
Source: Journal of Human Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Rapid firing from pulmonary veins (PVs) frequently initiates atrial fibrillation, which is a common comorbidity associated with hypertension, heart failure, and valvular disease, i.e., conditions that pathologically increase cardiomyocyte stretch. Autonomic tone plays a crucial role in PV arrhythmogenesis, while its interplay with myocardium stretch remains uncertain. Two-microelectrode technique was used to characterize electrophysiological response of Wistar rat PV to adrenaline at baseline and under mild (150 mg of applied weight that corresponds to a pulmonary venous pressure of 1 mmHg) and moderate (10 g, ∼26 mmHg...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Resumo Objetivo Identificar preval ência e fatores associados à lesão renal aguda em pacientes clínicos intensivos, e compará-los com um grupo controle; analisar se a coexistência de fatores constitui preditor de risco para o desenvolvimento de lesão renal aguda. Métodos Estudo caso-controle, com abordagem quantitativa, rea lizado em unidade de terapia intensiva geral adulto do interior de São Paulo, Brasil, com 205 pacientes que desenvolveram lesão renal aguda e o mesmo número de controles, durante os anos de 2014 e 2015. Coleta de dados realizada ...
Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
This study included 1962 patients who underwent transesophageal echocardiographic examination (TEE) prior to cardioversion or ablation in the years 2014-2018 in three cardiac centers. RESULTS: More than a quarter of AF patients had decreased eGFR (
Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
Abstract Salt (NaCl) is a prerequisite for life. Excessive intake of salt, however, is said to increase disease risk including hypertension, arteriosclerosis, heart failure, renal disease, stroke, and cancer. Therefore, considerable research has been expended on the mechanism of sodium handling based on the current concepts of sodium balance. The studies have necessarily relied on relatively short-term experiments and focused on extremes of salt intake in humans. Ultra-long-term salt balance has received far less attention. We performed long-term salt balance studies at intakes of 6, 9, and 12 g/day and found that...
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
ConclusionsHalf of the patients with ICD ‐10 code for HF did not have EF data available after a visit at specialty care. In particular, the diagnosis of HFpEF seems challenging, reflected as an increase in procedures and laboratory test preceding diagnosis compared with those in HFrEF patients. Also, a large proportion of patients did no t have HF diagnosis, yet they presented elevated NT‐proBNP concentrations and clinical characteristics resembling those of HFpEF patients.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the changes in aortic stiffness in young patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) after blunt thoracic aortic injury (TBAI) and to examine the associated cardiovascular complications during follow-up. Patients and methods: We included survivors of TBAI who underwent stent graft placement between November 2009 and November 2019 and gave their consent to participate. Patients with relevant cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities with potential impact on arterial stiffness, and prior aortic surgical or endovascular interventions were excluded. Fourteen TEVAR patients pros...
Source: VASA. Zeitschrift fur Gefasskrankheiten. Journal for Vascular Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Vasa Source Type: research
While people with any of those conditions has an elevated risk, typically, someone who's older and has severe heart failure is at a much higher risk of developing complications from a COVID-19 infection than  a middle-aged person with high blood pressure.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Pulmonary artery systolic pressure – MCQ – Answer Normal pulmonary artery systolic pressure – Correct Answer: b) 15 – 30 mm Hg Pulmonary circulation is a low pressure circulation and the pressures are much lower than that of systemic circulation. An acute rise in systolic pressure to 50 mmHg can cause right heart failure in conditions like pulmonary embolism. But gradually rising pressures are better tolerated as the right ventricle has time to compensate by hypertrophy. In severe primary pulmonary hypertension and atrial septal defect with severe pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary pressures can eve...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Medicine MCQ - CVS Source Type: blogs
Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency has been identified as a potential risk factor for a number of diseases unrelated to the classical skeletal pathophysiology, such as cancer and CVD, but the effects of vitamin D supplementation are less clear. Purpose of this narrative review is to discuss the evidence suggesting an association between vitamin D status and CVD as well as the results of supplementation studies. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with CVD risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus as well...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
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