Adapting psychological therapies for autism

Conclusions This study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Alexithymia (difficulties in identifying and describing emotion) is a transdiagnostic trait implicated in social-emotional and mental health problems in the general population. Many autistic individuals experience significant social-communication difficulties and elevated anxiety/depression and alexithymia. Nevertheless, the role of alexithymia in explaining individual variability in the quality/severity of social-communication difficulties and/or anxiety and depression symptoms in autism remains poorly understood. METHODS: In total, 337 adolescents and adults (autism N = 179) were assess...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
"Straight Sex is Complicated Enough!": The Lived Experiences of Autistics Who are Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Asexual, or Other Sexual Orientations. J Autism Dev Disord. 2020 Sep 23;: Authors: Lewis LF, Ward C, Jarvis N, Cawley E Abstract Autistics are more likely than neurotypicals to be gay, lesbian, bisexual, asexual, and other sexual orientations. Autistics and sexual minorities represent populations at high risk for depression, anxiety, and suicidality. Little is known about the experiences of individuals living at this intersection. In this phenomenology, 67 individuals who identified as a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Irritability, a hallmark feature of the new DSM-5 category of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), is present in many pediatric disorders including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), depressive and anxiety disorders, and autism spectrum disorders. Indeed, irritability is among the most common presenting complaints in child psychiatry1 and predicts long-term impairments including high suicidality and decreased education and income attainment.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
If you find yourself wondering if everything will go wrong in 2020, you are far from alone. This year has seen more than its share of heartache, and it isn’t over yet. Help may never arrive — how can you keep going? It’s challenging to stay strong when everything seems to be going wrong. While the tips below are no substitute for professional care, financial and other circumstances don’t always make seeking treatment an option. These 10 self-care practices may keep you from capsizing when the seas grow rocky.  1. Take a Deep Breath Many times, you grow anxious from future fears, not fr...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured motivation self-improvement covid_19 meditation positivity self improvement Source Type: blogs
The objective of this review was to summarize the diversity of the gut–microbiota and taxonomic profiles in children and adolescents with ADHD. In this review, we have provided an overview of the association between ADHD and gut–microbiota. The evidence pertinent to potentially distinctive gut–microbiota in children and adolescents with ADHD is also discussed and compared to that of their non-ADHD peers. Finally, the implications and future directions for investigation into the gut microbiome in ADHD patients are proposed.
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study examined attention to faces and facial features in AN, recovered AN (REC), and healthy controls, as well as relationships with comorbid psychopathology. One hundred and forty-eight participants' eye movements were tracked while watching a naturalistic social scene. Anxiety, depression, alexithymia, and autistic traits were assessed via self-report questionnaires. Participants with AN spent significantly less time looking at faces compared to REC and controls; patterns of attention to individual facial features did not differ across groups. Autistic traits mediated the relationship between group and time spent lo...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewRepetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive neuromodulation approach to psychiatric treatment that is FDA approved for the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Standard TMS appears to exert biological effects by inducing current in the cortex more shallowly than deep TMS (dTMS); it may be that this modality of treatment differs from standard TMS. Given the potential difference in the manner in which dTMS stimulates the targeted brain regions, it is reasonable to review and summarize the various off-label and experimental app...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCross ‐sectional studies show that transgender people are more likely than cisgender people to experience depression and anxiety before gender‐affirming hormone treatment (GAHT). However, the effect of GAHT on mental health in transgender people, and the role of other factors that may have a predictiv e effect, is poorly explored.ObjectivesUsing a longitudinal methodology, this study investigated the effect of 18 ‐month GAHT on depression and anxiety symptomatology and the predictors on mental health outcomes in a large population of transgender people.Materials and methodsParticipants (n  =&nb...
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Antidepressants are prescribed for the treatment of a number of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, however there is still controversy about whether they should be used in this population. This meta-review aimed to assess the effects of antidepressants for the acute treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorders (ADs), autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), enuresis, major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents. Efficacy was measured as response to treatment (either as mean overall change...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsResults from this TOSCA research project in an independent international data set showed that the combination of cluster analysis and factor analysis may be able to identify clinically meaningful natural TAND clusters. Findings were remarkably similar to those identified in the earlier feasibility study, supporting the potential robustness of these natural TAND clusters. Further steps should include examination of larger samples, investigation of internal consistency, and evaluation of the robustness of the proposed natural clusters.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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