Artificial walking technologies to improve gait in cerebral palsy: multichannel neuromuscular stimulation - Rose J, Cahill-Rowley K, Butler EE.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability and often results in debilitating walking abnormalities, such as flexed-knee and stiff-knee gait. Current medical and surgical treatments are only partially effective in improving gait abnor...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we present the self-assessment of functioning of students with CP and changes by the end of a school year. Thirty-seven pupils with spastic CP involving upper limbs, 24 pupils with typical development, and 20 pupils with speech and language disorders were studied by International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health core sets for CP. The CP group reported limitations in sensory functions (P
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research
Authors: Morère Y, Bourhis G, Cosnuau K, Guilmois G, Rumilly E, Blangy E Abstract The powered wheelchair (PW) has become an essential mobility assistive technology for people with motor disabilities. A critical step involved in maximizing the end-user experience is evaluating individual functional abilities to identify driving difficulties PW users experience during their daily activities. There are certain limitations, however, associated with on-road driving assessments, such as the practical concern of safety. And while extracting quantitative parameters such as joystick control or trajectory tracking fro...
Source: Assistive Technology - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Assist Technol Source Type: research
ConclusionChildren with non-typical symptoms or those with poor overall health status are likely to use TKM. Additionally, TKM use leads to increased treatment costs. Studies investigating the motivation for starting or ceasing TKM therapy, socioeconomic factors and the attitude of parents towards complementary and alternative medicine should be performed.
Source: Integrative Medicine Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion and ImplicationsThe CP group had extensive difficulties with visual perception; visual short-term memory; visual reasoning; and mental rotation all of which were associated with their mathematical abilities. These findings have implications for the teaching of visual perception and visual memory skills in young children with CP as these may help the development of mathematical abilities.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Deficits in muscle volume may be a significant contributor to physical disability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). 3D measurements of muscle volume using MRI or 3D ultrasound may be difficult to make routinely in clinic. 2D ultra-sound may be a more convenient imaging technique as previous studies reported that muscle volume can be estimated based on this technique. Measurements of muscle thickness or anatomical cross-sectional area have been used to estimate muscle volume and strong linear relationships between muscle volume and the product of anatomical cross-sectional area and muscle length have been reported [1,2].
Source: Gait and Posture - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Short communication Source Type: research
ConclusionMotor impairment has a substantial impact on child’s level of functioning. However, child’s functioning is a complex construct that is also affected by her or his sense of autonomy. Therefore, sense of autonomy can serve as a potential point of intervention to improve functioning among children with CP.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The "preferred" habitual posture frequently observed in immobile adults with CP, leads to established distortion of their body shape. The results indicate the need for early introduction of appropriate posture control, in immobile individuals with CP, from a young age. Implications for rehabilitation The preferred posture, observed in immobile adults with cerebral palsy, leads to a distortion of their body shape. One in four adults with cerebral palsy use only one position when in bed. The results indicate the need for early introduction of appropriate posture control in individuals unable to change ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to compare alpha and beta band synchronization and desynchronization during the execution of the task in a game, using the limbs paretic and non-paretic. As a result, observed a synchronization of the alpha band for the movement performed by the paretic limb and a desynchronization using the non-paretic limb.
Source: Gait and Posture - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Short communication Source Type: research
Conclusions and ImplicationsThe results of this analysis suggest that while children diagnosed with CP and with access to stored CB differ from a broader population sample in terms of demographics, they have similar clinical severity and comorbidity profiles. As such, LUSTRE may serve as a valuable source of data for the characterization of individuals with CP, including individuals who have or will receive CB infusions.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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