Babies likely to get cerebral palsy if mother has aspirin
Newborns were almost two-and-a-half times more likely to have the incurable condition if their mothers took aspirin and 50 per cent more likely if they took paracetamol, a
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Motor impairment is the fundamental characteristic of cerebral palsy (CP), about 50 to 70% of individuals diagnosed with CP have some degree of upper limb impairment,with significant biomechanical alterations and functional disabilities1.
Unilateral Cerebral Palsy (CP) often have marked one side involvement of body. Muscle weakness, increased muscle tone, insufficient motor control restricted upper extremity movements. Kinesio Taping (KT) is commonly used in CP to position joints and facilitate muscles. There are increasing researches of taping on children with unilateral CP but only a few studies focusing on upper extremities .
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy (DCP) patients experience considerable variability in their purposeful movements due to involuntary movements that contribute to functional impairment . Co-activation may represent a motor control strategy in situations with a need of increased joint stability or improved movement accuracy . and may be compromised in DCP patients.
Ankle joint hyper-resistance in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is commonly treated with Botulinum-Toxin-A (BoNT-A) injections to the medial gastrocnemius (MG) combined with a period of lower-leg casts. These are considered to, respectively, target the neural and non-neural components of hyper-resistance . Recent research indicates that the degree to which neural components contribute to ankle joint hyper-resistance is highly variable among children with CP . Therefore, children may benefit more from tailored treatment in which BoNT-A and casting are prescribed according to individually assessed causes of hyper-resistance.
Progressive resistance training in children with cerebral palsy is successful at improving strength . However, while participant-rated measures of mobility showed improvement, recent research has failed to show functional improvement in objective outcome measures. Among the possible reasons provided by the authors are a lack of context specific training and that children improved aspects of walking that were not detected by outcome measures . Strength training might be more successful at improving consistency of functional performance rather than maximum functional performance.
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders, characterised by altered muscle function. The clinical presentation is often similar to bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (SCP) but the etiology differs since HSP is defined by various ages of symptom onset . Recent investigations highlighted the importance of impaired muscle growth in SCP . Studies on muscle morphology in HSP however are lacking, and it can be questioned if age of symptom onset is related.Estimating the muscle properties of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) in an HSP, SCP and typically developing (TD) cohort, along with ex...
While the etiology of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) clearly differs from spastic cerebral palsy (SCP), the phenotype of 3SPGA-HSP and bilateral SCP children show much similarity. Hence, HSP children are commonly treated as SCP children. However, the HSP gait pattern and its relation to muscle impairment (spasticity, weakness and morphology) has only rarely been studied. A detailed assessment of pathological gait and muscle impairment of the HSP child, compared to typically developing (TD) and bilateral SCP children, may help to define HSP-specific characteristics that can support the clinical decision-making.
Identifying muscle synergies underlying crouch gait in cerebral palsy (CP) can help clinicians and surgeons have more successful interventions.