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Kidney failure: Symptoms of condition that killed The Partridge Family star David Cassidy

KIDNEY FAILURE is caused by the organs not functioning properly, and an estimated 13,000 people die from chronic kidney disease in the UK every year. David Cassidy died from suspected kidney failure this week.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Ha KH, Kim B, Shin HS, Lee J, Choi H, Kim HC, Kim DJ Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk associated with 5 different dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We identified 534,327 people who were newly prescribed sitagliptin (n=167,157), vildagliptin (n=67,412), saxagliptin (n=29,479), linagliptin (n=220,672), or gemigliptin (n=49,607) between January 2013 and June 2015 using the claims database of the Korean National Health Insurance System. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs)...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
This study prospectively examined the association between these eGFR values and all-cause mortality during a 12-year observational period in a community-based population. Methods and Results: The subjects of this study were 1312 participants undergoing a health checkup, aged ≥40 years. In the total population, the mean eGFR values (mL·min-1·1.73 m-2) were 81.5 for eGFRcreat, 78.1 for eGFR-EPI, and 76.6 for eGFRcys. There were 141 deaths during the observation period, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting mortality was 0.59 for eGFRcreat, 0.67 for eGFR-EPI,...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Authors: Liu ZH, Yu XQ, Yang JW, Jiang AL, Liu BC, Xing CY, Lou JZ, Wang M, Cheng H, Liu J, Fu JZ, Zhang AH, Zhang M, Zhou QL, Yu C, Wang R, Wang L, Chen YQ, Guan TJ, Peng A, Nan C, Hao CM, Cheng XY, China Dialysis Calcification Study Group Abstract OBJECTIVE: With limited data available on calcification prevalence in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis, the China Dialysis Calcification Study (CDCS) determined the prevalence of vascular/valvular calcification (VC) and association of risk factors in Chinese patients with prevalent hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: CKD patients...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
ConclusionsControlled clinical trials are needed to determine which populations may profit from more frequent potassium-monitoring and subsequent interventions, e.g., change or withdrawal of potassium-influencing drugs, in order to restore normal values and prevent cardiovascular outcomes.Registration DetailsRegistration in PROSPERO (Centre for Reviews and Dissemination University of York, York, UK): CRD42016048897 (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=48897).
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Tong L, Adler S Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a frequent complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and elevates individuals' risk for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in T2DM. Achieving and maintaining tight glycemic control is key to preventing development or progression of CKD; however, improving glycemic control may be limited by effects of renal impairment on the efficacy and safety of T2DM treatments, necessitating dosing adjustments and careful evaluation of contraindications. Understanding the treatment considerations specific to each class of T2D...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Pitt B, Garza D Abstract INTRODUCTION: Hyperkalemia (HK) occurs often among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF) and those treated with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASI). Even small deviations from normal potassium levels carry increased risk of mortality. Patiromer is approved for treatment of HK and has been shown in clinical trials to reduce serum potassium among patients with HK and comorbid conditions. Areas covered: We review pooled data from two clinical trials of patiromer in patients with CKD and HK, safety of patiromer in special populations, dru...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced CT upon arrival is suggested, and patients with extravasation on CT would be good candidates for urgent colonoscopy, as well as patients who have a history of CDB and CKD.Digestion 2018;98:41 –47
Source: Digestion - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Pruritus associated with chronic kidney disease is a distressing condition which has not been rigorously studied using validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) tools. The purpose of this study was to conduct psychometric validation of the Worst Itching Intensity Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), a single item PRO measuring the worst itching severity in the past 24 h on a 0-10-point scale, and to determine the threshold for a clinically meaningful change for this patient population. This analysis was based on data from a phase II randomized, placebo-controlled study which demonstrated the effectiveness of CR845 at reducing modera...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research: Patient Outcomes Research Source Type: research
Chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus (CKD-aP) is a debilitating chronic itching condition frequently reported in end stage renal disease patients, with no approved treatments in the United States (US). As the sensation of itching can only be assessed by patient report, reliable, valid and sensitive patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are required to demonstrate treatment benefits in studies of therapies under development for treatment of pruritus in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The purpose of this study was to conduct qualitative interviews in HD patients to evaluate the content validity of two existing PRO instruments, ...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research: Patient Outcomes Research Source Type: research
Patients with chronic kidney disease are commonly afflicted by pruritus, a condition with no treatment approved in the USA. The etiology of this condition is likely multifactorial, including systemic inflammation and deficiency in the endogenous kappa opioid system. CR845 is a novel and full kappa opioid receptor agonist with no off-target activities, including mu- or delta-opioid receptors. In addition to its unique receptor profile, the peptidic structure of CR845 restricts its entry into the central nervous system.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Pharmacology and Drug Development Source Type: research
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