Epidemiology of recurrent traumatic brain injury in the general population: A systematic review

Conclusions: rTBI is an important contributor to the general population TBI burden. Certain risk factors can help identify individuals at higher risk of these repeated injuries. However, higher quality research that improves on rTBI surveillance methodology is needed.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Trauma, Brain trauma, All epidemiology, Incidence studies, Risk factors in epidemiology VIEWS & amp;amp; REVIEWS Source Type: research

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The objective of this review was to summarize the findings of the INPH-CRasH study. METHODS: VRFs, comorbidities, QOL, and adverse events were analyzed in consecutive patients with INPH who underwent shunt placement between 2008 and 2010 in 5 of 6 neurosurgical centers in Sweden. Patients (n = 176, within the age span of 60-85 years and not having dementia) were compared to population-based age- and gender-matched controls (n = 368, same inclusion criteria as for the patients with INPH). Assessed parameters were as follows: hypertension; diabetes; obesity; hyperlipidemia; psychosocial factors (stress and depression); ...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There are notable deficits in MFTD training for specialists in Ireland and the UK. Common conditions which can significantly impair MFTD such as stroke, diabetes and alcohol use disorders are severely underrepresented and curricula should be revisited to include relevant training and guidance on MFTD for trainees. PMID: 32936112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
A 53-year-old woman with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, epilepsy, hypertension, and alcohol abuse presented after getting a burn injury on her lap from spilling boiled water. She reported 3 vodka drinks daily. Her medications included valproic acid, sertraline, isosorbide mononitrate, omeprazole, and loratadine. Her blood pressure was 133/84 mm  Hg, and her pulse was 98/min. On physical examination she was drowsy but followed commands and had moist mucus membranes, jugular venous pressure of 6 cm of H2O, clear bilateral airway movement, and no pedal edema.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Make Your Diagnosis Source Type: research
Abstract Epidemiologic studies suggest that the lifetime prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorders range from 2.8 to 6.5 percent of the population. To decrease morbidity and mortality associated with disease progression, pharmacologic intervention is indicated for the majority of these patients. While a number of effective treatment regimens exist, many conventional medications have significant side effect profiles that adversely impact patients' short and long-term wellbeing. It is thus important to continue advancing therapeutic options available to patients. This paper reviews the limitations of current treatmen...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Conclusions and Relevance: Binaural beat audio created with DMSPS algorithm provides superior changes in reported anxiety in comparison to normal music and above all to standard care. This technique does not need extra staff or extra staying time for the patients, so it could be a cost-effective way to manage preoperative anxiety in women undergoing elective cesarean section, with a potential impact to the mother's positive experiences and care of the newborn. The EudraCT number: 2019-000743-27. PMID: 32674651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This article will first outline the meeting and then reflect on pathobiographical issues offering possibilities and limitations in this posthumous attempt at diagnosis. This will give us a summary of the symptomatology without the intention to label them to a diagnosis. In terms of examples of problematic issues, special attention is given to the role of alcohol abuse and disturbances of consciousness. The essay will try to answer questions on the importance of determining a diagnosis for art historians and visitors of exhibitions. A hypothesis on the possible influence of visual perception on triggering neuromodulation wi...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The bilateral type of schizencephaly was identified as an independent risk factor for epilepsy in the analyzed children. PMID: 32588606 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Ann Agric Environ Med Source Type: research
Intellectual disability syndrome (IDS) associated with a hereditary persistence of fetal haemoglobin (HbF), also known as Dias-Logan syndrome, is commonly characterised by psychomotor developmental delay, intelectual disability, language delay, strabismus, thin upper lip, abnormalities of external ears, microcephaly, downslanting palpebral fissures. Sporadically, autism spectrum disorders and blue sclerae in infancy have been reported in IDS. Rarely, IDS-affected patients present with epilepsy and/or epileptic syndromes. It has been shown that a haploinsufficiency of the B cell leukaemia/lymphoma 11A gene (BCL11A) is respo...
Source: Molecular Syndromology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Benzodiazepines are widely used in the treatment of sleep and anxiety disorders, as well as epileptic seizures and alcohol withdrawal because of their broad therapeutic index and low cost. Due to their central nervous system depressant effects they are als...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Only a few transition programs exist in Latin America. Knowing the benefits of and barriers for transition programs opens the opportunity to move further this strategy in the region considering local specificities. Education, communication skills, team working, and advocacy for adolescents with epilepsy could be initial starting points. PMID: 32516745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
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