Impact of chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicities on adult cancer survivors ’ symptom burden and quality of life
AbstractPurposeLimited information is available on the impact of chemotherapy (CTX)-induced neurotoxicity on adult survivors ’ symptom experience and quality of life (QOL). Purposes were to describe occurrence of hearing loss and tinnitus and evaluate for differences in phenotypic characteristics and measures of sensation, balance, perceived stress, symptom burden, and QOL between survivors who received neurotoxic CTX a nd did (i.e., neurotoxicity group) and did not (i.e., no neurotoxicity group) develop neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicity was defined as the presence of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN), hearing loss, and tinnitus. Survivors in the no neurotoxicity group had none of these conditions.MethodsSurvivors (n = 609) completed questionnaires that evaluated hearing loss, tinnitus, stress, symptoms, and QOL. Objective measures of sensation and balance were evaluated.ResultsOf the 609 survivors evaluated, 68.6% did and 31.4% did not have CIN. Of the survivors without CIN, 42.4% reported either hearing loss and/or tinnitus and 48.1% of the survivors with CIN reported some form of ototoxicity. Compared to the no neurotoxicity group (n = 110), survivors in the neurotoxicity group (n = 85) were older, were less likely to be employed, had a higher comorbidity burden, and a higher symptom burden, higher levels of perceived stress, and poorer QOL (allp
CONCLUSION: In summary, we found a significant association between a larger Pt decline and a reduced risk of second cancers and deterioration of paresthesias in hands and tinnitus. PMID: 29775128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The most common adverse effects from neurotoxic chemotherapy are chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIPN), hearing loss, and tinnitus. Although associations between perceived stress and persistent pain, hearing loss, and tinnitus are documented, no studies have examined these associations in cancer survivors who received neurotoxic chemotherapy.
The most common adverse effects from neurotoxic chemotherapy are chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIPN), hearing loss, and tinnitus. While associations between perceived stress and persistent pain, hearing loss, and tinnitus are documented, no studies have examined these associations in cancer survivors who received neurotoxic chemotherapy.
Conclusions: The results are testament to benefits of routine audiometric monitoring program during cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Further research should be performed to understand other risk factors, such as genetic predictors of Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. PMID: 28441710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Long-term MOGCT survivors treated with CBCT have small but significant reductions in age-adjusted hearing thresholds at 4, 6 and 8kHz versus Controls. Approximately one in four women experienced subjective hearing loss. To avoid overestimation of clinically relevant cisplatin-induced ototoxicity, absolute hearing thresholds should be age-adjusted and compared to an age-matched control group. PMID: 28202195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsOur data show that the burden of hearing loss has stabilized in recently treated survivors, suggesting that survivors have benefited from new treatment regimens that use less ototoxic radiation and more carefully dosed platinum compounds.
Haugnes HS Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between long-term serum levels of platinum (se-Pt) and neurotoxicity and ototoxicity (NTX), endocrine gonadal function (endocrine-GF), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in testicular cancer survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 292 cisplatin-treated testicular cancer survivors (1980-1994) participated in a national follow-up study (2007-2008). Se-Pt was quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and categorized in quartiles. Symptoms of NTX were assessed with scale for chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity (SCIN), with each symptom...
Purpose Cisplatin is widely used but highly ototoxic. Effects of cumulative cisplatin dose on hearing loss have not been comprehensively evaluated in survivors of adult-onset cancer. Patients and Methods Comprehensive audiological measures were conducted on 488 North American male germ cell tumor (GCT) survivors in relation to cumulative cisplatin dose, including audiograms (0.25 to 12 kHz), tests of middle ear function, and tinnitus. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association criteria defined hearing loss severity. The geometric mean of hearing thresholds (0.25 to 12 kHz) summarized overall hearing status consistent wi...
Conclusions Cancer treatment causes hearing loss, associated with the administration of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Cyclophosphamide increased the risk of causing hearing loss. Complaints of tinnitus and speech understanding difficulty were observed.