Bilateral early activity in the hip flexors associated with Falls in Stroke Survivors: Preliminary evidence from laboratory-induced falls

Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the US with an additional 800,000 incidents occurring each year (CDC, 2012). Falls present a major risk for stroke survivors, 40% of whom experience a serious fall within their first year (Persson et al., 2011). Up to 69% of falls by stroke survivors result in injuries. Despite the importance of the problem, there is surprisingly little information about what factors contribute to falls in stroke survivors. With few exceptions, the literature has focused on relating metrics of post-stroke static balance (where stepping did not occur) and impairment (clinical scores) to fall outcomes in the acute care setting or in the community (Divani et al., 2011; Ikai et al., 2003; Marigold et al., 2004; Marigold and Eng, 2006; Persson et al., 2011; Weerdesteyn et al., 2008).
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

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The objectives were to map out the characteristics of assessing postural asymmetry; thereafter to synthesize on how postural asymmetry develops in time after a stroke and finally, to describe postural asymmetry and its relations.Material and methodsFollowing the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search was performed using the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library and PEDrO with the key words (Weight-Bearing Asymmetry OR Center of Pressure) AND (Stroke) for articles published through to November 2017.ResultsOne hundred and ninety-five articles were included and highlighted certain heterogeneity in the manner in which th...
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide and characteristically accompanied by downregulation of the Wnt/ β-catenin signaling. Activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling emerges to attenuate neuroi...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated the feasibility of a metacognitive occupation-based telerehabilitation intervention and its potential benefits in activity performance, participation, and QoL for older adults coping with long-term disability following ABI.Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT03048708.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
-- Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States, says the American Stroke Association. The association mentions these warning signs: Face drooping. Is the person's smile uneven or lopsided? Arm...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Cardioembolic stroke is a major source of mortality and disability worldwide. The authors hypothesized that quantitative characterization of intracardiac blood stasis may be useful to determine cardioembolic risk in order to personalize anticoagulation therapy. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between image-based metrics of blood stasis in the left ventricle and brain microembolism, a surrogate marker of cardiac embolism, in a controlled animal experimental model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an acute cerebrovascular emergency resulting from the rupture of a brain aneurysm. Despite only accounting for 5% of all strokes, SAH imposes a significant health burden on society due to its relatively young age at onset. Those who survive the initial bleed are often afflicted with severe disabilities thought to result from delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Consequently, elucidating the underlying mechanistic pathways implicated in DCI development following SAH remains a priority. Neuroinflammation has recently been implicated as a promising new theory for the d...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who use emergency medical services (EMS) receive quicker reperfusion treatment which, in turn, mitigates post-stroke disability. However, nationally only 59% use EMS. ...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: People after stroke who were physically able to walk independently still described multiple barriers to gait-related participation in all components of the ICF framework. PMID: 31793365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: Aerobic training results in a significant positive effect on systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose after stroke when compared to non-aerobic usual care or non-aerobic exercise.Implications for rehabilitationAerobic training has a positive effect on two of the most important vascular risk factors for recurrent stroke (i.e., systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose).The effect of solely aerobic training seems to be comparable to the effect of combined strength exercise and aerobic training for systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose.Since aerobic training has a significant effect on risk factors for ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
ConclusionsA large majority of the adult Portuguese population are likely to reach blood pressure levels defined as hypertension in adulthood. Significant differences in hypertension prevalence were found according to gender, age and socioeconomic status, which highlights the importance of population strategies in public health policies.ResumoIntroduçãoAs doenças cardiovasculares são uma importante causa de morte e incapacidade, sendo que a hipertensão arterial (HTA) é responsável por, pelo menos, 45% da mortalidade por doença cardíaca e 51% por acidente vascul...
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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