Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists?

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed by Stanford University...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment Chest doctors issue guidelines for CT lung cancer screening AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Govindan Rajivgandhi, Thillaichidambaram Muneeswaran, Muthuchamy Maruthupandy, Kandasamy Saravanan, Vilwanathan Ravikumar, Natesan ManoharanAbstractThe current study aimed to identify bioactive compound from marine endophytic actinomycetes isolated from Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India. Among the isolated actinomycetes, strain GRG 4 exhibited excellent ability to inhibit colistin resistant (CR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia, which emerging threat to the world. The strain was identified as Streptomyces coer...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Compared with high tidal volume and no PEEP, LPV combining low tidal volume and PEEP during anaesthesia for lung cancer surgery seems to improve postoperative outcomes. TRIALS REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT00805077.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research
Biopsies and bronchoscopies are the gold standard for diagnosing lung diseases, including pneumonia and cancer. However, these procedures are difficult to provide, requiring general anesthesia and an operating room. Deton hopes to simplify the proces...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive Medicine Oncology Pathology Thoracic Surgery Source Type: blogs
Madam — We observed a clinical link between radical radiotherapy and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in patients with lung cancer. The incidence of PJP in this population has been reported as 2.6 cases per 100 000 person-years [1]. This infection in HIV-negative patients is known to carry a mort ality of 50% [2]. We determined the risk of death from PJP in a cohort of patients treated with curative-intent radiotherapy.
Source: Clinical Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Condition:   Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Interventions:   Drug: Concurrent chemotherapy;   Radiation: split-course radiotherapy;   Drug: thymosin alpha 1 Sponsor:   Sun Yat-sen University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsCombination of preoperative and postoperative rehabilitations significantly prevents postoperative pneumonia as compared with having preoperative, postoperative, or no rehabilitation.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe the case of an 81-year-old male with cT1aN2M1b stage IV pleomorphic carcinoma of the left upper lobe of the lung. After primary treatment with carboplatin and paclitaxel, recurrence was observed in the left supraclavicular lymph node and left adrenal gland. We initiated the administration of nivolumab as a secondary treatment. Reduction was observed in the swelling of the left supraclavicular lymph node and left adrenal gland, but the tumor shadow in the right upper lobe appeared to increase. Bronchoscopy was performed, and the biopsy result showed granulomas; the findings resembled a sarcoid-like granulomatous...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Papakonstantinou NA, Zisis C, Kouvidou C, Stratakos G Abstract Radiofrequency ablation is an effective treatment for atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein stenosis/occlusion is one of its rare complications. Herein, the case of a 50-year-old man with hemoptysis and migratory pulmonary infiltrations after transcatheter radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation is presented. Initially, pneumonia, interstitial pulmonary disease, or lung cancer was suspected, but wedge resection revealed hemorrhagic infiltrations. Chest computed tomography pulmonary angiography detected no left superior pulmonary vein due ...
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Mayo Kondo, Hirokazu Ogino, Hirohisa Ogawa, Tania Afroj, Yuko Toyoda, Satoshi Sakaguchi, Miki Tsuboi, Yoshimi Bando, Hisatsugu Goto, Koichi Tsuneyama, Yasuhiko NishiokaAbstractA 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Imaging and pathological studies revealed NSCLC, not otherwise specified (NOS), at clinical stage T3N1M0 stage IIIA. We started radiotherapy alone because of obstructive pneumonia and end-stage renal disease, but the tumors progressed rapidly and resulted in death d...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: High mortality was observed among patients with TB aged ≥80 years. Increased vigilance is warranted to avoid delayed diagnosis and reduce the transmission risk, especially among elderly patients with co-morbidities living in old age homes. PMID: 30065120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hong Kong Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research
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