Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists?

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed by Stanford University...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment Chest doctors issue guidelines for CT lung cancer screening AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 10 January 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Hidenori Kawakami, Takao Miyabayashi, Chikako Tsubata, Kyuma Ota, Takashi Ishida, Osamu KobayashiAbstractWe retrospectively analyzed the data of 9 patients with organizing pneumonia induced by radiation therapy. Radiation therapy had been administered for breast cancer in 8 patients and for lung cancer in 1 patient. Symptoms were detected in 8 patients; however, none of the patients developed hypoxemia or respiratory failure, and the clinical course was good. Steroid therapy was administered to 3 patients; however, all 3 p...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Shen M, Cai L, Jiang K, Xu W, Chen Y, Xu Z Abstract Lung cancer represents a major healthy concern due to high incidence and morality. Increasing evidences showed critical regulatory role of microRNA (miR) in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. It has been indicated that the level of miR-328 is abnormally up regulated in lung cancer cell line, which is correlated with cell apoptosis. An in vitro lung cancer model was established through induction of chlamydia pneumonia. Western blot and real-time quantitative PCR were used to measure miR-328 level and its effects on histone H2AX expression. Bioinfo...
Source: Cancer Biomarkers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Biomark Source Type: research
ConclusionsSimplified synchronous disconnection of pulmonary arteries and veins is a feasible, economical, safe, and effective therapeutic procedure for right upper lung carcinoma. This novel procedure shows promise as a viable surgical approach for right upper lobectomy.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeSeveral vascular measurements in computed tomography (CT) were reported to be indicators of pulmonary hypertension in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We evaluated the usefulness of these parameters as predictors of postoperative mortality in lung cancer patients with IIP.MethodsThis retrospective study was performed on 1888 patients. The following CT findings were evaluated: diameter of the main pulmonary artery, ascending aorta, and the short axis of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine predictors of surgical mortality.ResultsI...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionNinjin'yoeito was useful to treat various symptoms of frailty due to age or severe disease.
Source: Traditional and Kampo Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Conclusion: Bronchoscopic PDT is safe and effective in selected group of patients with non–small cell lung cancer who have MRD along the stump site.
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Keigo Okamoto, Jun HanaokaAbstractCombined subsegmentectomy (CSS) is procedure as diagnostic purpose adding sufficient surgical margin. Compared to other procedure, CSS is not common, with the surgical results also being controversial. We analyzed the patients who had undergoing CSS in the right upper lobe for ground glass opacity (GGO) -dominant nodules. Between April 2011 and March 2017, we experienced 7 cases underwent CSS. In all cases, three subsegments resection and lymph node dissection using Video-Assisted Thoraci...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis pilot study demonstrated patients can comply with an inexpensive perioperative oral hygiene regimen that may be promising for reducing morbidity (Clinical Trials Registry: NCT01446874).
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Central airway obstruction (CAO) is critical and life ‐threatening for cancer patients and is categorized as an oncological emergency that requires urgent intervention. Malignant carinal involvement is considered one of the most difficult situations among CAO, which is usually treated by rigid bronchoscopic intervention under general anaesthesia. The application of ‘side‐by‐side’ method of bilateral self‐expandable metallic stents has been reported in the management of malignant carinal involvement. This technique is useful in the treatment of patients of poor performance status who would not tolerate g...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Series Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn RA-ILD patients, anti-CCP antibody high titer positive and DLCO%
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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