Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists?

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed by Stanford University...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment Chest doctors issue guidelines for CT lung cancer screening AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Conclusion:In hemodynamically stable patients with chest pain, sinus tachycardia aids in the identification of patients unlikely to have type I MI, especially in those with HR> 120 bpm.
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
AbstractObjectivesIdiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) are associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), which uses serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin levels to indicate systemic inflammatory response and nutrition level, has been reported to be a predictor of overall survival in patients with various types of cancer. We evaluated the usefulness of GPS for prediction of survival of patients with both lung cancer and IIPs following a lung resection procedure.MethodsPatients with IIPs who underwent lung cancer resection from January 2006 through December 2015 were investigated...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to improving the outcome of mucormycosis. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the contribution of quantitative PCR detection of Mucorales DNA in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids for early diagnosis of pulmonary mucormycosis.Bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (n=450) from 374 patients with pneumonia and immunosuppressive conditions were analyzed using a combination of 3 quantitative PCR assays targeting the main genera involved in mucormycosis in France (Rhizomucor, Mucor/Rhizopus, Lichtheimia).Among these 374 patients, 24 had at least one bronchoalveolar l...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study, we prospectively investigate the efficacy and safety of osimertinib in elderly patients aged ≥75 years, with ineffective prior EGFR-TKI treatment or with recurrence of EGFR-TKI mutation-positive or T790M mutation-positive nonsmall-cell lung cancer. Patients and methods: In total, 35 subjects of both sexes aged ≥75 years with T790M mutation will be included. Participants with pulmonary disorders such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, active radiation pneumonitis, drug-induced pneumonia, and symptomatic brain metastasis will be excluded. Eligible patients will b...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS IRF5 and its related inflammatory cytokines are associated with the severity, prognosis, and causative pathogen of CAP patients. This finding may provide new drug targets for the prevention and treatment of severe pneumonia caused by influenza virus. PMID: 29847542 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Conclusion Support vector machine with multiple texture features on FDG PET-CT discriminated lung cancer from infectious pneumonia with accuracy of 82.5%. The machine learning system may provide additional information to physicians in interpreting images, although parameter selection needs to be optimized.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer Posters Source Type: research
Abstract As marijuana smoking prevalence increases in the U.S. concern regarding its potential risks to lung health has also risen, given the general similarity in the smoke contents between marijuana and tobacco. Most studies have found a significant association between marijuana smoking and chronic bronchitis symptoms after adjustment for tobacco. While reports are mixed regarding associations between marijuana smoking and lung function, none has shown a relationship to decrements in forced expired volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and few have found a relationship to a decreased ratio of FEV1 to forced vital capacity (FVC...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
This study was to evaluate the correlation between the change of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (Ape1/Ref-1), intercellular adhesion molecules 1 (ICAM-1) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) before and after radiotherapy and radiation pneumonitis for local advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods NSCLC patients (68 cases) were treated with concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy, every patient ’s normal tissue were controlled with a same radation dose. 68 local advanced NSCLC patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy were detected the levels of Ape...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study showed that preoperative LAMA/LABA therapy was associated with larger improvements in preoperative pulmonary function and less postoperative pneumonia than LAMA therapy. These results may lead to greater improvements in FEV1 and less postoperative pneumonia by encouraging preoperative LAMA/LABA therapy in this patient population. PMID: 29725530 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionsPembrolizumab combined with SBRT therapy for patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and non-small cell lung cancer may lead to serious immune-related adverse events and more clinical trials are needed.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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