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Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists?

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed by Stanford University...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment Chest doctors issue guidelines for CT lung cancer screening AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Non-infectious diseases including asthma as well as infectious diseases could be the causes in acute cough without abnormal findings on the chest X-ray. PMID: 29459525 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Allergology International - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study identified a set of deregulated circRNAs in active TB PBMCs, our data also suggest that hsa_circRNA_001937 can be used as a potential diagnostic biomarker of TB.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;45:1230 –1240
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePatients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) often develop lung cancer. However, the biological features of lung cancer associated with UIP remain unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of UIP-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC).MethodsA total of 244 patients with p-stage I lung SqCC who underwent complete surgical resection were enrolled in this study. Clinicopathological differences between UIP-associated SqCC and non-UIP SqCC were examined. Moreover, we performed immunohistochemical studies to clarify the biological differences between these two g...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) often develop lung cancer. However, the biological features of lung cancer associated with UIP remain unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of UIP-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). METHODS: A total of 244 patients with p-stage I lung SqCC who underwent complete surgical resection were enrolled in this study. Clinicopathological differences between UIP-associated SqCC and non-UIP SqCC were examined. Moreover, we performed immunohistochemical studies to clarify the biological differences...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Huo JP, Liu C, Jin BB, Duan FX, Mei SH, Li XG, Zhao ZG Abstract Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a rare pulmonary disorder of unknown etiology. COP with hemoptysis as the primary presenting symptom has rarely been reported. The present study reported a case of COP that resembled lung carcinoma with hemoptysis as the only clinical symptom. The patient recovered well following thoracoscope surgery. A literature review of 119 COP cases between 1995 and 2015 was presented. Cough, fever and dyspnea were the most common clinical manifestations. The most common imaging manifestations were multiple or sin...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The overlap of pleural VEGF levels between the groups may limit the value of VEGF in discriminating between malignant versus benign and exudative versus transudative effusions; however, it may be a useful adjunct to various methods. The VEGF levels in pleural fluid seem to be related to the degree of inflammation and pleural invasion.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPublished literature on post-obstructive pneumonia is difficult to find and consists mainly of case reports or small case series. This entity is encountered most often in patients with advanced lung malignancy but is also occasionally seen in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). There are substantial differences in the manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of post-obstructive pneumonia in these two settings. When obstruction is present in patients with CAP, it is almost always secondary to an underlying pulmonary malignancy. In fact, the observation of an obstructive component in patients with CAP le...
Source: Infectious Diseases and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We described a case of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia after stereotactic ablative radiation therapy for a recurrent lung cancer. Antibiotics and steroids were administered to solve the clinical picture. After three years, a new lesion at the right lung was found and treated with stereotactic ablative radiation therapy and concomitant long course of steroids with no recurrence of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia is a rare event after radiotherapy with undefined risk factors. In our case, steroids played an important role in management and, maybe, in ...
Source: Cancer Radiotherapie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Radiother Source Type: research
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the rate, cause, and factors associated with readmissions following pulmonary resection for lung cancer and their relationship with 90‐day mortality.Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted of 379 patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer at the university hospitals Granada, Spain between 2012 and 2016.Results: The rate of readmissions within 30 postoperative days was 6.2%. The most common reason for readmission was subcutaneous emphysema (21.7%), pneumonia (13%), and pleural empyema (8.5%). A higher probability of requiring urgent readmission was associat...
Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
By HUGH HARVEY, MD Artificial intelligence requires data. Ideally that data should be clean, trustworthy and above all, accurate. Unfortunately, medical data is far from it. In fact medical data is sometimes so far removed from being clean, it’s positively dirty. Consider the simple chest X-ray, the good old-fashioned posterior-anterior radiograph of the thorax. One of the longest standing radiological techniques in the medical diagnostic armoury, performed across the world by the billions. So many in fact, that radiologists struggle to keep up with the sheer volume, and sometimes forget to read the odd 23,000 of the...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AI Data Hugh Harvey Radiology Source Type: blogs
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