Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists?
An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed by Stanford University...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment Chest doctors issue guidelines for CT lung cancer screening AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays
ConclusionsNSCLC patients with synchronous MPMs or metachronous MPMs diagnosed within the last 5 years had poor prognoses. Decisions about the best therapeutic strategies require comprehensive consideration of the organ location, malignant potential, recurrence, and prognosis of the MPMs. In contrast, decisions about the best therapeutic strategies for NSCLC patients with metachronous MPMs pr esent for over 5 years should be based solely on the NSCLC.
Conclusion: Nonintubated uniportal VATS appears to be a feasible and valid surgical option, depending on the surgeon's experience, for appropriately selected patients. PMID: 30402395 [PubMed]
Authors: Hong S, Moon YK, Park JK Abstract Background: Treatment strategies for octogenarians with lung cancer remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare surgical outcomes and survival between octogenarians and younger patients with stage IA and IB lung cancer. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 34 consecutive octogenarians and 457 younger patients (
A malignant tumor is composed of not only cancer cells but also various types of non-cancerous stromal cells containing cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs); such heterogeneous population of cells gives rise to cancer-specific microenvironments [1 –5]. Recent studies have shed new light on this complex interaction between tumor and host immune cells and helped us understand the immune response triggered by this interaction.
Authors: Demiri S, Lorut C, Rabbat A, Luu van Lang D, Lefebvre A, Regnard JF, Samama CM, Dusser D, Roche N, Alifano M Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a risk factor of post-operative complications after lung cancer resection. The influence of the "frequent exacerbator (FE)" phenotype (at least three exacerbations per year) is unknown. Postoperative outcomes of frequent exacerbators (POFE) was a prospective observational study of patients with COPD undergoing lung resection for cancer. The inclusion criteria were: age>40 years, FEV1/FVC
In this study, automatic chemiluminescence analyzers were employed to detect the serum concentrations of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CY211), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) in 780 healthy subjects, 650 patients with pneumonia, and 633 patients with lung cancer. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and logistic regression analyses were also used to evaluate the diagnostic value of single and multiple markers of lung cancer. The sensitivities of the five markers alone were lower than 65% for lung cancer screening ...
ConclusionsThe results showed that breathing exercises could improve lung function, decrease the incidence of PPCs and LOS in a sample of lung cancer patients undergoing pulmonary surgery.Relevance to clinical practiceThe analysis suggests that breathing exercises should be considered as a respiratory rehabilitation programme for lung cancer patients undergoing lung surgery in clinical practice.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
CONCLUSION: Integrating pharmacists into the care of older adults with cancer is feasible with encouraging preliminary efficacy for enhancing medication management and improving vaccination rates. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Results of this study showed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an intervention integrating pharmacists into the care of older adults with cancer. Notably, patients assigned to the intervention had fewer discrepant medications and were more likely to acquire vaccinations for pneumonia and influenza. Importantly, this work represents the first randomized controlled trial inv...
Authors: Kara HV, Karaaltin AB, Ersen E, Alaskarov E, Kilic B, Turna A Abstract Introduction: Video-assisted mediastinal lymphadenectomy (VAMLA) is a valuable tool for invasive staging of the mediastinum. Unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP) may occur in patients following VAMLA and may result in secretion retention within the lungs, atelectasis and associated infectious situations such as pneumonia. Minimally invasive injection laryngoplasty (ILP) is the treatment of choice in UVCP. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and success of acute minimally invasive injection laryngoplasty for patients with UVCP following ...
Lung cancer is strongly associated with interstitial pneumonia (IP) [1 –4]. IP is considered to be a risk factor for lung carcinogenesis [1,5]. Acute exacerbation (AE) refers to an episode of acute respiratory worsening without an identifiable cause. AE develops during the course of IP in about 5% to 15% of affected patients and can occur at any time during the clini cal course of IP [6–8]. AE can lead to death within a period of a few weeks to a few months [7,8]. However, it can be difficult to distinguish AE of IP from chemotherapy-related lung injury on the basis of clinical findings, such as CT images, and laboratory results.