Global Routine Vaccination Coverage, 2016

Global coverage with the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine, the third dose of polio vaccine, and first dose of measles. Among new or underused vaccines, global coverage increased during 2010-2016 for completed vaccine series against rotavirus (8% to 25%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (11% to 42%), rubella (35% to 47%), Haemophilus influenzae type B (42% to 70%) and hepatitis B vaccine (74% to 84%). containing vaccine coverage has remained unchanged at 84%-86% since 2010.
Source: PHPartners.org - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Chang JW, Lee HW, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Han KH, Kim SU Abstract Background/Aims: The hepatic steatosis index (HSI) is a noninvasive method to assess the severity of hepatic steatosis. Antiviral therapy (AVT) can impact aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels, which are the main components of the HSI. Thus, we investigated the accuracy of the HSI in detecting hepatic steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving AVT, compared with those not receiving AVT and in those with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: Patients with CHB or NAFLD who unde...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Conclusions: The level of knowledge of HCV is suboptimal, and the self-reported testing rate for HCV is less than 10%; however, once HCV infection is diagnosed, the treatment rate seems to be high in South Korea. More active campaigns and effective screening are needed. PMID: 32066209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Diagnostic Performance of Serum Asialo α1-Acid Glycoprotein Levels to Predict Liver Cirrhosis. Gut Liver. 2020 Feb 20;: Authors: Lim DH, Kim M, Jun DW, Kwak MJ, Yoon JH, Lee KN, Lee HL, Lee OY, Yoon BC, Choi HS, Kang BK Abstract Background/Aims: To date, studies on various noninvasive techniques have been suggested to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of serum asialo α1-acid glycoprotein (AsAGP) in the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis compared with chronic hepatitis for clinically useful result. Methods: We conducted a case-control study o...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
This report updates previous reports (2,3) and presents global, regional, and national vaccination coverage estimates and trends as of 2017. It also describes the number of infants surviving to age 1 year (surviving infants) who did not receive the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine (DTP3), a key indicator of immunization program performance (4,5), with a focus on the countries with the highest number of children who did not receive DTP3 in 2017. Based on the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates, global DTP3 coverage increased from ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Many commentators have recentlywritten andsaid that members of the migrant caravan and Central American immigrants in general are diseased.   Former Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent David Ward claimed that the migrants are “coming in with diseases such as smallpox,” a disease that the World Health Organization (WHO) certified as beingeradicated in 1980.   One hopes Mr. Ward was more careful in enforcing American immigration law than in spreading rumors that migrants are carrying one of the deadliest diseases in human history nearly 40 years after it was eradicated from the human population.&n...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Discussion Vaccines are a mainstay of infectious disease prevention and health promotion. Infants, children and adults benefit from vaccines the most when they are given on the recommended schedules. However there are times when this is not possible as children come to the physician a little early, or a little late, or had unavailable records and so received addition vaccine, etc. There are many questions that arise because of these timing issues such as the one above. Standard vaccine schedules can be reviewed here. Commonly administered vaccines includes: Live-attenuated vaccines Cholera Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This study estimated the percentages of incomplete immunization with new vaccines and old vaccines and associated factors in children 13 to 35 months of age belonging to a birth cohort in São Luís, the capital of Maranhão State, Brazil. The sample was probabilistic, with 3,076 children born in 2010. Information on vaccination was obtained from the Child's Health Card. The new vaccines, namely those introduced in 2010, were meningococcal C and 10-valent pneumococcal, and the old vaccines, or those already on the childhood immunization schedule, were BCG, hepatitis B, human rotavirus, polio, tetravalent ...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Follow me on Twitter @drClaire Imagine there was a simple treatment that could be given to babies and toddlers that was not only remarkably effective in preventing illness, but also inexpensive. And imagine that this treatment was not only inexpensive, but also lowered overall health care costs. There’s no need to imagine; the treatment exists. It’s called immunization. It’s National Infant Immunization Week, a time to recognize and celebrate immunization. It’s during infancy that we give the most vaccines, but the benefits extend far beyond infancy and beyond those babies. The protection lasts for ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Health policy Infectious diseases Managing your health care Parenting Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs
Abstract In 1974, the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Expanded Program on Immunization* to provide protection against six vaccine-preventable diseases through routine infant immunization (1). Based on 2015 WHO and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates, global coverage with the third dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP3), the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) and the third dose of polio vaccine (Pol3) has remained stable (84%-86%) since 2010. From 2014 to 2015, estimated global coverage with the second MCV dose (MCV2) increased from 39% to 43% by the end of th...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends countries to include 11 antigens on a publicly-funded, paediatric Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI): Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin, hepatitis B, polio, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), pneumococcus, rotavirus, measles, and rubella.1 Some of these diseases are still a significant source of morbidity and mortality in China, for example, there are 19,000 deaths from Hib disease each ye ar.2 China's EPI includes all of these vaccines, except for the Hib vaccine, the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), and rotavirus, and the process...
Source: Public Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
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