Decent Toilets for Women & Girls Vital for Gender Equality

Tim Wainwright is Chief Executive at WaterAidBy Tim WainwrightLONDON, Nov 16 2017 (IPS)This weekend marks World Toilet Day (November 19)– and the news is disheartening. One in three people are still waiting for a toilet; still having to face the indignity and often fear of relieving themselves in the open or using unsafe or unhygienic toilets. Tim Wainwright, CEO, WaterAid UKIt is frustrating that the headline statistics have not made greater progress two years into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), when having a toilet is such a fundamental boost to gender equality, as well as health, education and economic opportunity.In ‘Out of Order: State of the World’s Toilets 2017’, WaterAid’s annual analysis based on WHO-Unicef Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) data, we show that Ethiopia is now the worst country in the world for having the highest percentage of people without toilets, with a staggering 93% lacking access to basic household facilities. India remains the nation with the most people without toilets – 732.2 million people are still waiting for even basic sanitation.Being denied access to safe, private toilets is particularly dangerous for women and girls, impacting on their health and education, and exposing them to an increased risk of harassment and even attackThere have been some improvements. Between 2000 and 2015, the number of people defecating in the open globally dropped from 1.2 billion (20% of the world’s populat...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Gender Global Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

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ConclusionInhibition in intestinal secretion, reduced nitric oxide production and inflammatory expression along with reactivation of Na+/K–ATPase activity could be attributed to the observed antidiarrhoeal potential of PGE against infectious diarrhoea, where quercetin was confirmed to be the main contributing factor.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
a IM, Müller N, Robertson LJ Abstract Giardia duodenalis is one of the most important intestinal parasites globally, especially in children, and in Cuba is the leading cause of chronic paediatric diarrhoea in this population. G. duodenalis is composed of eight genetic groups (or assemblages), two of which (A and B) are apparently zoonotic, occurring in both humans and other animals. However, consensus on the most appropriate genotyping scheme for optimal characterization of G. duodenalis isolates is lacking. In this article we present the results of three descriptive observational studies conducted in Havana,...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
Premalatha Pushpanathan, Gifty Sara Mathew, Sribal Selvarajan, Krishna G Seshadri, Padma SrikanthIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2019 37(2):268-277 Gut microbiota are microorganisms that inhabit the gut; they coexist peacefully with the host, thereby contributing to the health and well-being of individuals. Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes largely dominate the gut microbial flora. The intestinal flora promotes intestinal mucosal integrity, provides essential nutrients such as vitamins and enzymes, protects the body against pathogens and produces antimicrobial peptides such as defensins, C-type lectins, cathelicidins, t...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Stephen A Harrison, Mustafa R Bashir, Cynthia D Guy, Rong Zhou, Cynthia A Moylan, Juan P Frias, Naim Alkhouri, Meena B Bansal, Seth Baum, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Rebecca Taub, Sam E MoussaSummaryBackgroundNon-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterised by hepatic steatosis, inflammation, hepatocellular injury, and progressive liver fibrosis. Resmetirom (MGL-3196) is a liver-directed, orally active, selective thyroid hormone receptor-β agonist designed to improve NASH by increasing hepatic fat metabolism and reducing lipotoxicity....
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 12Author(s): Geetha R Menon, Lucky Singh, Palak Sharma, Priyanka Yadav, Shweta Sharma, Shrikant Kalaskar, Harpreet Singh, Srividya Adinarayanan, Vasna Joshua, Vaitheeswaran Kulothungan, Jeetendra Yadav, Leah K Watson, Shaza A Fadel, Wilson Suraweera, M Vishnu Vardhana Rao, R S Dhaliwal, Rehana Begum, Prabha Sati, Dean T Jamison, Prabhat JhaSummaryBackgroundMany countries, including India, seek locally constructed disease burden estimates comprising mortality and loss of health to aid priority setting for the prevention and treatment of disease...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe extract showed anti-ulcer potential and is ready for clinical evaluation.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This report appeared last week:Inquest into the death of Melissa King MinterEllison Australia June 20 2019 On 14 June 2019, the Coroner's Court of New South Wales released its findings into the death of Melissa King. The circumstances of her death highlight the risks associated with the use of electronic progress notes as a means of communicating concerns about the treatment decisions made in respect of patients.BackgroundMs King was 33 years old at the time of her death at Blacktown Hospital. On Wednesday 10 August 2016, she had called the National Home Doctor Service on account of having vomiting and diarrhoea for two to...
Source: Australian Health Information Technology - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe extract showed anti-ulcer potential and is ready for clinical evaluation.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We reported a case of a 70-year-old female who presented to our Emergency Department (ED) with right upper quadrant pain and an initial clinical suspicion of cholecystitis. Ultrasound (US) and Computed Tomography (CT) demonstrated an anatomical variation of the sigmoid colon diverticulitis. This clinical report demonstrates that ultrasound plays a relevant part as first-step approach to the acute abdominal conditions and its accuracy increases together with other diagnostic tools such as Computer Tomography.
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study evaluated PHYLLPRO™, a standardized ethanol extract of P. amarus leaves for protection against oxidative stress and recovery from hangover symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten days daily oral supplementation of 750 mg/day followed by intoxication was evaluated in a randomized placebo-controlled (containing only excipient), crossover study in 15 subjects (21-50 years old), for oxidative stress, liver damage, alleviating hangover symptoms (Hangover Severity Score: HSS) and mood improvement (Profile-of-Mood-Scores: POMS). RESULTS: PHYLLPRO™ was able to remove blood alcohol in the ac...
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
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