Childhood Obesity in Georgia.

Childhood Obesity in Georgia. Public Health Rep. 2017 Nov/Dec;132(2_suppl):7S-8S Authors: Satcher D PMID: 29136486 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundTreatment of paediatric obesity has been offered customarily and free of charge for more than 15  years in Sweden. The Swedish Childhood Obesity Treatment Register (BORIS) is a prospective register of children and adolescents undergoing obesity treatment.ObjectivesTo investigate how patient characteristics and treatment efficacy has changed over 14  years on a national scale.MethodsAll subjects in BORIS with data from 2004 until 2017 were included, n = 21  499. Outcomes were age and BMI SDS at treatment initiation, dropout rates and treatment outcome up to 3 years after treatme...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
The objectives were to systematically investigate the multiple dimensions of sleep and their association with overweight or obesity among primary school ‐aged children. CINHAL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, Medline, Cochrane, Embase, and PubMed databases were searched for papers reporting on an association between children's sleep and weight status. Studies on clinical populations, published in languages other than English, without objectively measured w eight status, or where weight status was reported outside the outlined age bracket (5‐13 years) were excluded. A total of 34  248 citations were extracted from ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn educational exam room poster about healthy weight was well ‐received by parents and prompted providers to show the child's growth chart but did not prompt parent‐initiated conversations about weight status nor improve parental weight perception accuracy.
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
SummaryBackgroundBody composition differences between males and females emerge during adolescence and continue throughout adulthood; however, whether sex moderates body composition changes in adolescents with obesity after an intervention is unknown.ObjectiveTo examine sex as a moderator of changes in adiposity following lifestyle intervention.MethodsA total of 136 Latino youth with obesity (BMI% 98.2  ± 1.3) aged 14 to 16 years old were randomized to either a 12‐week lifestyle intervention (27 males/40 females) or control (35 males/34 females) group. The intervention included nutrition educat...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractClostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea while nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether NAFLD increases susceptibility to CDI. A retrospective cohort study included patients ≥ 65 years, treated with antimicrobial therapy ≥ 24 h, and hospitalized ≥ 72 h in a 36-month period. Three-hundred fourteen patients were included; 83 with NAFLD and 231 controls. Except for diabetes mellitus (37.35% vs. 25.11%,p = 0.0462) and obesity (18.07% vs. 8.23%,p = 0.0218) that...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study illustrated that the effects of OFS and MET combined treatment on gut microbiota, especially for the MET-induced side effect-related ones, and host metabolism were of greater magnitude than individual OFS or MET treatment in obese rats and mice. Therefore, it is likely that combined administration of OFS and MET may offer a novel and promising strategy for reducing side effects induced by MET and improving metabolic outcomes, particularly glycemia control and weight reduction.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
In this study, obesity in rat was developed by high-fat diet (HFD) feeding for 16 weeks. After that, the HFD-fed rats were received either a vehicle (HF), atorvastatin (HFA) or vildagliptin (HFVIL), by oral gavage for 4 weeks. We found that HF rats showed insulin resistance, visceral fat expansion and renal lipid accumulation. Impaired renal function and renal organic anion transporter 3 (Oat3) function and expression were also observed in HF rats. The marked increases in MDA level, renal injury and NF-κB, TGF-β, NOX-4, PKC-α expression were demonstrated in HF rats. Atorvastatin or vildagliptin treatme...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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