Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Metabolic Outcomes in Pregnant Women: Evidence from the Spanish INMA Birth Cohorts

Conclusions: Although further confirmation is required, the findings from this study suggest that PFAS exposures during pregnancy may influence lipid metabolism and glucose tolerance and thus may impact the health of the mother and her child. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1062 Received: 7 September 2016 Revised: 5 October 2017 Accepted: 9 October 2017 Published: 13 November 2017 Address correspondence to M. Vrijheid, ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), 88 Doctor Aiguader, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Telephone: 93 214 73 46. Email: martine.vrijheid@isglobal.org Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1062). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental Material PDF (243 KB) Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of contents summarizing the Supplemental Material for this article (see below) so readers with disabilities ma...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Rheumatology News Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe result showed that sampling region, fish status, fish species and sampling month were the main factors influencing infection rate. Regulations or guidelines are urgent in China for the control of Anisakis spp. infection in marine fish.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Alyssa Hidalgo, Davide Galbiati, Daniele Cavanna, Michele SumanAbstractThe use of incubator-reject eggs (IRE) is not allowed for the preparation of egg products. However, some producers fraudulently use them for whole egg products manufacture. The aim of this research was to study the efficiency of European legislative indices (β-hydroxybutyric acid and lactic acid), uracil, furosine and organic acids for IRE detection in egg products. The results confirm the possible illegal IRE presence in egg products by selection of IRE eggs through cand...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Sarkar R, Paul R, Thakur I, Ghosh R, Singh S, Mani A, Sau TJ, Lahiri G Abstract Dengue virus induced encephalitis is a very rare entity and its full clinicoradiological profile is still unknown. We here report two cases of dengue encephalitis from Eastern India. The first one is a 20 year old female and the second one is a 13 year old boy. Both of them presented with altered consciousness and seizures. Blood and CSF study for dengue IgM were positive. MRI of brain showed T2 hyperintensity in the Thalami along with similar changes in other parts of the brain. Both patients responded to conservative therapy ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Fatima J, Gupta N, Karoli R, Chandra A, Jagirdaar S, Arora R, Pandey N Abstract Introduction: Visceral abdominal Fat, not Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat better correlates with insulin resistance. Hence the present study was undertaken to study the association of sonographically assessed visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat with insulin resistance in patients with pre-diabetes. Material and Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional study done in prediabetes subjects. All the subjects were called fasting overnight and were given a structured questionnaire designed by investigator. Fasting and postp...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: S A, Gurtoo A, M S, Ap MK Abstract Introduction: Health literacy is the degree to which an individual can obtain, process, understand and communicate about health related information to make informed health decisions. Our aim was to study the influence of Diabetic health literacy in affecting the glycemic control in Diabetic patients. Methodology: This is a Cross sectional Analytical study in 200 diabetic patients. Diabetic Knowledge Test developed by Michigan Diabetic Research and Training Center was modified after appropriate permission and was used to measure health literacy. HbA1C was used as a mea...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: We concluded that that patients who develop hypoglycaemia may have an equally bad prognosis or even worse than those who develop hyperglycaemia during the period of critical illness. CGM devices record tissue glucose levels continuously, and may be useful as a 'tissue hypoglycaemia' alert. PMID: 31299838 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a need to focus on improving adherence among type 2 diabetes patients and strengthening health care systems for regular supply of medicines and provide health education to the patients and their families emphasising the need of adherence to medications. PMID: 31299834 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, Periventricular WMHs of grade 2 and over were seen in 19/34 patients, and in 7/24 controls (P value 0.044). Significantly higher grades of PVWMHs were seen in hypertensives as compared to nonhypertensives in the case group, and in women compared to men. In the control group, hypertension had no effect on severity of PVWMHs. Among both Diabetics and non-diabetics, no difference in PVWMHs was found between the case and control groups. DWMHs were, conversely, seen only in the control group. Overall, over a quarter of cognitively normal older persons had WM hyperintensities of grade 2 and over on MRI brai...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Astudy published today inJAMA Internal Medicine reports that the cannabinoid agonist nabiximols can reduce cannabis use among people with cannabis dependence when combined with behavioral therapy. Nabiximols is a nasal spray composed of purified tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) —two of the primary active components of cannabis.Study participants who received a combination of nabiximols and behavioral therapy reported using cannabis about 33% fewer days than those allocated to placebo and behavioral therapy, noted Nicholas Lintzeris, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., of Australia ’s Drug and Alcohol Services and ...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cannabidiol cannabis dependence cannabis use CBD JAMA Internal Medicine nabiximols Nicholas Lintzeris tetrahydrocannabinol THC Source Type: research
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