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World Antibiotic Awareness Week

Professor Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, recently warned that the world could face a  " post-antibiotic apocalypse.” She urged that, unless action is taken to halt the practices that have allowed antibiotic resistance to spread and ways are found to develop new types of antibiotics, we could return to the days when simple wounds, infections or routine operations, are life-threatening. To mark   World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 13th-19th November,  we are highlighting Cochrane  evidence which supports decision-making in the appropriate use of antibiotics. Press Release:Shared decision making and antibiotic use for acute respiratory  infections in primary care (read in Spanish).Improving antibiotic prescribing  in hospitalAntibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throatAntibiotics for sore throatTesting blood procalcitonin levels to decide when to start and stop antibiotics in adults with acute respiratory tract infections Biomarkers as point-of-care tests to guide antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children Antibiotics for glue earRapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) for group A streptococcus (GAS) in children with pharyngitisAntibiotics for operative vaginal delivery?Antibiotics for episiotomy repair?Antibiotic prophylaxis for women having cesarean sectionTiming of IV prophylactic antibiotics for women having caesarean deliv...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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In conclusion, influenza A virus infection was detected rather high with a rate of 20.5% in the study group. The monitoring of influenza virus types and subtypes is required for the evaluation of influenza vaccine strains and circulating influenza viruses and for the identification of subtypes with pandemic potential. Planning for appropriate antiviral therapy using real-time RT-PCR in the early diagnosis of influenza virus infections will significantly contribute to the management of the patient's treatment. Thus, unnecessary drug use will be prevented and controlled with effective treatment of the disease at the time of ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
In conclusion, this is the first study that reports the frequency of RV species in children and adult patients with acute respiratory tract infections; the frequency of RV-A and RV-C species were found to be similar but higher than RV-B species in all age groups. RV-C and RV-A was the highest species seen in children and adult patients, respectively. There is a need for further research to identify the types of RV circulating in the community and the prevalence of infections caused by the species. PMID: 29153065 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We believe that, considering the potentially severe consequences of PA, the gastric band should be deflated before any planned procedure requiring general anesthesia. Further data are needed. KEY WORDS: Adjustable gastric banding, Aspiration Pneumonia, Bariatric surgery, Morbid obesity, Pulmonary Aspiration. PMID: 29160244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
The conventional wisdom is that you should use cough medicine: but this could be harmful. You'd be better relying on more traditional methods to heal a seasonal cough or cold
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conditions:   CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) Stage 5D;   Pneumonia Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Determination of pneumococcal antibodies. Sponsors:   University of Cologne;   German Center for Infection Research Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Newborn Morbidity;   Oral Aversion;   Gastroschisis;   Bowel Obstruction;   Short Bowel Syndrome Intervention:   Procedure: Sham Feeding Sponsor:   Le Bonheur Children's Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Procalcitonin;   Pneumonia;   Cancer Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: procalcitonin test Sponsor:   National Cancer Center, Korea Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Costache VS, Arsenescu C, Costache A, Moldovan H Abstract A new controversy is raising in cardiovascular surgery, whether or not the new generation transcatheter valves used for valve implantation are superior to surgical techniques used for traditional valve replacement. If such a debate is far from being an issue for mitral valve treatment, where minimal invasive, (robotic or video-assisted) mitral valve repair has become the gold standard for mitral valve treatment while transcatheter mitral valve solutions are lagging behind(1-4), there are many voices stating that the future of aortic valve treatment ...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
In conclusion, BKM120 and TMZ demonstrated strong synergistic cytotoxicity in C6 glioma cells. The BKM120-induced NF-κB p65 inhibition may be involved in the mediation of MGMT transcription to reverse TMZ-resistance in C6 glioma cells. PMID: 29151909 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Parabiosis studies in which the circulatory systems of an old mouse and a young mouse are linked, and in which the old mouse shows a reversal of some measures of aging, have given rise to a broadening exploration of age-related changes in the molecules carried in the bloodstream. The high level picture of what is taking place here is this: reactions to rising levels of the forms of cell and tissue damage that cause aging include changes in the signal molecules released by cells into the surrounding environment. These are influential on stem cell function, chronic inflammation, and other line items known to be important in ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
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