World Antibiotic Awareness Week

Professor Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, recently warned that the world could face a  " post-antibiotic apocalypse.” She urged that, unless action is taken to halt the practices that have allowed antibiotic resistance to spread and ways are found to develop new types of antibiotics, we could return to the days when simple wounds, infections or routine operations, are life-threatening. To mark   World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 13th-19th November,  we are highlighting Cochrane  evidence which supports decision-making in the appropriate use of antibiotics. Press Release:Shared decision making and antibiotic use for acute respiratory  infections in primary care (read in Spanish).Improving antibiotic prescribing  in hospitalAntibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throatAntibiotics for sore throatTesting blood procalcitonin levels to decide when to start and stop antibiotics in adults with acute respiratory tract infections Biomarkers as point-of-care tests to guide antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children Antibiotics for glue earRapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) for group A streptococcus (GAS) in children with pharyngitisAntibiotics for operative vaginal delivery?Antibiotics for episiotomy repair?Antibiotic prophylaxis for women having cesarean sectionTiming of IV prophylactic antibiotics for women having caesarean deliv...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 12 October 2018Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial ResearchAuthor(s): Raturi Vijay Parshuram, Rajendra Kumar, Madanlal Bhatt, Rahul Singh, Devendra Parmar, Jalaj Gaur, Dewesh Kishan, Mandira Saha, Rupali, Pranay Katepogu, Prasad Senthamizh, Tridiv KatiyarAbstractObjectivesThe correlation of XRCC-1 Gene Arg194Trp polymorphism with alcohol and tobacco substance user and with loco-regionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the larynx (LSCC) was assessed in this research study. The result of this research study is described herein.Material and methodsA tertiary hospital-based ob...
Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionTransmural migration of composite mesh is an uncommon complication of incisional hernia repair. Its pathogenesis is still not completely clear but it has been reported many years after implant surgery. It should be considered in atypical presentation of patients with history of previous prosthetic ventral hernia repair.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first report to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion of co-administration of ACW or SBG to rats and compared its properties of four major bioactive components. The results demonstrate that herb –herb interactions occurred in this herb couple.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Martin-Pena A, Porter RM, Plumton G, McCarrel TM, Morton AJ, Guijarro MV, Ghivizzani SC, Sharma B, Palmer GD Abstract Successful clinical translation of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies for cartilage repair will likely require the implementation of standardised protocols and broadly applicable tools to facilitate the comparisons among cell types and chondroinduction methods. The present study investigated the utility of recombinant lentiviral reporter vectors as reliable tools for comparing chondrogenic potential among primary cell populations and distinguishing cellular-level variations of chon...
Source: European Cells and Materials - Category: Cytology Tags: Eur Cell Mater Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 16, Issue 10Author(s): Mahmood Brobbey Oppong, Yang LI, Prince Osei Banahene, Shi-Ming FANG, Feng QIUAbstractThe matured, ripen, and dried seeds of Scaphium affine (Mast.) Pierre, known as Pangdahai (PDH) in Chinese and recorded as Sterculia lychnophora Hance (scientific synonym) in the 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopeia, have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, Japanese folk medicine, Vietnamese traditional medicine, traditional Thai medicine and Indian traditional medicine. The decoctions of the seeds are used as a reme...
Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2018Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Harun Kundi, Jeffrey J. Popma, Linda R. Valsdottir, Changyu Shen, Kamil F. Faridi, Duane S. Pinto, Robert W. YehABSTRACTBackgroundWe sought to identify non-traditional risk factors coded in administrative claims data and evaluate their ability to improve prediction of long-term mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve repair.MethodsPatients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair using MitraClip between September 28, 2010 and September 30, 2015 were identified among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiarie...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study aims to describe the clinical experience in terms of efficacy and safety with laparoscopic ventral hernia repair using the ParietexTM Composite mesh (Covidien Sofradim Production, Trevoux, France) in severely obese patients (body mass index ≥35) compared with non-severe obese patients in a seven-year single-center cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with a primary ventral or incisional hernia admitted to our hospital from 2006 until December 2012 who underwent a laparoscopic repair with the Parietex Composite mesh were included in this study. Pain scores using a numeric rating were collected prospe...
Source: Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies - Category: Surgery Tags: Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This novel approach could be safely performed in ventral hernia patients. Early evaluation of this surgical technique demonstrates quick recovery and minimal complications. PMID: 30307355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies - Category: Surgery Tags: Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol Source Type: research
ConclusionEarly TTNT and EEG reactivity help to predict good neurological outcome in children undergoing therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Seizures and status epilepticus may predict poor neurological outcome.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Lee SJ, Kim JK, Kim SJ Abstract Purpose: Subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH) is a rare but potentially fatal condition in newborns; however, few studies have reported on this condition. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of SGH. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 neonates diagnosed with SGH between January 2000 and June 2017. Enrolled neonates were clinically diagnosed when they had tender fluctuant scalp swelling that crossed the suture lines. Results: Among 20 neonates with SGH, 12 were boys and 7 were girls; median hospitalization duration...
Source: Korean Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Korean J Pediatr Source Type: research
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