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World Antibiotic Awareness Week

Professor Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, recently warned that the world could face a  " post-antibiotic apocalypse.” She urged that, unless action is taken to halt the practices that have allowed antibiotic resistance to spread and ways are found to develop new types of antibiotics, we could return to the days when simple wounds, infections or routine operations, are life-threatening. To mark   World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 13th-19th November,  we are highlighting Cochrane  evidence which supports decision-making in the appropriate use of antibiotics. Press Release:Shared decision making and antibiotic use for acute respiratory  infections in primary care (read in Spanish).Improving antibiotic prescribing  in hospitalAntibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throatAntibiotics for sore throatTesting blood procalcitonin levels to decide when to start and stop antibiotics in adults with acute respiratory tract infections Biomarkers as point-of-care tests to guide antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children Antibiotics for glue earRapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) for group A streptococcus (GAS) in children with pharyngitisAntibiotics for operative vaginal delivery?Antibiotics for episiotomy repair?Antibiotic prophylaxis for women having cesarean sectionTiming of IV prophylactic antibiotics for women having caesarean deliv...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Source: American Journal of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: TEP repair using a synthetic long-term resorbable mesh was found to be safe and promising regarding pain and discomfort at 1-year follow-up in patients with IH. Longer follow-up is necessary to establish the risk of recurrence. PMID: 29472759 [PubMed - in process]
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
Conclusions: rTAPP is a promising alternative to rIPOM, with reduced complications without adding significant operative time, and may allow for reduced costs. PMID: 29472756 [PubMed - in process]
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
ConclusionOur case report concludes that the simplified laparoscopic approach to vesicovaginal fistulae is a viable option for successful repair and that it reduces the size of bladder opening, causes minimal bleeding, and gives successful relief.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 May 2018 Source:Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 165 Author(s): João C. Boga, Sónia P. Miguel, Duarte de Melo-Diogo, António G. Mendonça, Ricardo O. Louro, Ilídio J. Correia The incidence of fractures and bone-related diseases like osteoporosis has been increasing due to aging of the world’s population. Up to now, grafts and titanium implants have been the principal therapeutic approaches used for bone repair/regeneration. However, these types of treatment have several shortcomings, like limited availability, risk of donor-to-recipient infection an...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The intermuscular technique is a safe and efficacious approach for S‑ICD implantation. This technique could lead to fewer pocket-related complications and better cosmetic results. PMID: 29468258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Authors: Tóth C, Sükösd F, Valicsek E, Herpel E, Schirmacher P, Tiszlavicz L Abstract Caudal type homeobox 2 (CDX2) has been well-established as a diagnostic marker for colorectal cancer (CRC); however, less is known about its regulation, particularly its potential interactions with the DNA repair proteins, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and β-catenin, in a non-transcriptional manner. In the present study, the protein expression of CDX2 was analyzed, depending on the expression of the DNA repair proteins, mismatch repair (MMR), O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and excision repai...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Men F, Wei L, Liu B, Wu F, Liu J, Guo N, Niu Q Abstract The aim of the present study was to compare the safety of the application of painless gastroscopy and ordinary gastroscopy for chronic hypertension patients combined with early gastric cancer. A total of 123 patients with early gastric cancer were selected at the Dongying People's Hospital from June, 2014 to August, 2016. The patients were randomly divided into the painless (n=63) and ordinary (n=60) gastroscopy groups. Proper pretreatment was performed according to whether anesthesia was performed or not. Arterial pressure, heart rate, and blood oxyg...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that it is possible and safe to reconstruct the aortic arch with the novel open-branched stent-graft placement. PMID: 29469632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Investigative Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: J Invest Surg Source Type: research
“Live and work but do not forget to play, to have fun in live and really enjoy it.” – Eileen Caddy When was the last time you recall having fun? Not merely feeling somewhat pleased, but fully enjoying yourself? The truth is we often feel guilty even thinking about having fun, let alone actively engaged in something we consider fun. Yet, there’s good evidence supporting the recommendation to carve out some time to do just that. Here are eight reasons why. You must work, so “Do it well, make it fun.” If you’re not independently wealthy, you must secure gainful employment and bring ho...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Creativity Happiness Memory and Perception Self-Help Stress Fun joy stress reduction Source Type: blogs
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