How Long Do Late Preterm Infants Need Supplemental Feedings?
Discussion Premature infants have many problems to overcome because they just aren’t ready to live outside the uterine environment. Late premature infants are defined as birth between 34 0/7 weeks and 36 6/7 weeks gestation. In the U.S. this gestational age accounts for ~70% of all preterm births or ~300,000 births/year. Late preterm infants can have delayed oral feeding skills and failure to thrive along with increased hospital readmissions. Breastfeeding can be difficult as infants can have poor coordination and poor tone, along with decreased lactation in the mother. Learning Point Weight gain lags behind intrauterine weight gain in premature infants including late preterm infants. The intrauterine growth is ~15 g/day at this age and in one study only 2% of preterm infants achieved this weight gain. Late preterm infants have increased energy, protein, calcium and phosphorous needs as this is the time that the fetus would be storing fat and minerals. It is also a time when brain growth and volume are markedly increased. Late preterm infants need additional nutritional supplementation. Therefore it is recommended that late preterm infants be breastfed with fortified human milk until at least 40 weeks postconceptional age. Human milk fortifier or special preterm discharge formula are recommended for use as the supplements as they contain additional calories, protein and minerals compared to standard infant formula. Preterm infants that are born earlier and weigh less, ...
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How do your sleep-wake preferences affect your risk of developing a mood disorder such as depression? A large, detailed observational study investigates.
ConclusionChildren ’s prevalence of overweight/obesity and eating attitudes improves soon after their mothers’ RYGB, but then return to pre-surgery levels at 4 years post-surgery, as do mothers’ sleep quality and symptoms of depression and anxiety, even though their weight loss was maintained.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture at SP6 on resting electroencephalogram (EEG), meridian electrical activity (Ryodoraku), and stress in patients with confirmed insomnia. In this single-blind, randomized clinical trial subjects (N=70) from TCM treated outpatients were randomized to receive TCM based acupuncture with manual stimulation (experimental) or sham stimulation (control) treatment. Acupuncture was applied to SP6 for 20 minutes on the spleen meridian of the foot in experimental subjects and controls received sham intervention. Significant changes between pre- and post-intervention were found ...
Being exposed to a noisy workplace all day may cause stress that carries over into the evening and reduces sleep quality, suggests a small study from Taiwan.Reuters Health Information
Behavioral changes characteristic for motor learning result from synaptic plasticity within the sensorimotor system. This review summarizes how the central nervous system responds rapidly to motor activity while awake. It then discusses evidence for the hypothesis that sleep is essential for both stabilizing previously acquired motor memories and maintaining the brain’s efficacy to undergo plastic changes to learn new skills.
Happy Saturday, Psych Central readers! If you’re having the kind of weekend we are here in my neck of the woods (i.e. 90+ degree weather — whew!), take a break inside and cool down while you catch up on some of the latest in mental health this week including the psychology behind being hangry, how you can use persistent regrets to change your present life, the connection between Bob Ross and relaxation (and we’re not talking painting, here), and more! Feeling Hangry? New Study Explains The Psychology Why People Get Angry When Hungry: The Oxford English Dictionary recently accepted the word “hangry,&...
Conclusions: Overall, there was no difference between early enteral nutrition and all other forms of nutrition support. A priori planned subgroup analysis revealed early enteral nutrition reduced mortality and pneumonia compared with delayed enteral intake; however, there were no clear clinical advantages of early enteral nutrition over parenteral nutrition.
No abstract available
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