Novel effects of phytoestrogenic soy isoflavones on serum calcium and chloride in premenopausal women: a 2-year double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study

Soy phytoestrogens are potential alternatives to postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Adverse effects of HRT such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and pulmonary embolism are mediated by calcium-induced signaling
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionAdministration of ESA and iron therapy reduced the risk for RBC transfusion compared with iron therapy alone in patients undergoing cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. Nevertheless, publication bias and heterogeneity reduces the confidence of the finding. Although the analysis was probably under-powered for some outcomes, no difference in the incidence of serious adverse events was observed with ESA and iron compared with iron alone. Further large prospective trials are required to confirm these findings.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Paola Adele Lonati1†, Mariangela Scavone2,3†, Maria Gerosa4, Maria Orietta Borghi1,4, Francesca Pregnolato1, Daniele Curreli1, Gianmarco Podda2,3, Eti Alessandra Femia2,3, Wilma Barcellini5, Marco Cattaneo2,3, Francesco Tedesco1 and Pier Luigi Meroni1* 1Immunorheumatology Research Laboratory, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy2Unità di Medicina II, ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milan, Italy3Dipartimento di Scienze Della Salute, University of Milan, Milan, Italy4Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, University of Milan, Milan, Italy5UOC Ematologia, Fondazione IRCCS Ca&#x...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis. PE is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death worldwide after stroke and heart attack. Management of PE has evolved recently with the availability of local thrombolysis; mechanical extraction devices; hemodynamic support devices, like extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; and surgical embolectomy. There has been development of multidisciplinary PE response teams nationwide to optimize the care of patients with VTE. This review describes the epidemiology of PE, discusses diagnostic strategies and current and ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med Clin North Am Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis. PE is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death worldwide after stroke and heart attack. Management of PE has evolved recently with the availability of local thrombolysis; mechanical extraction devices; hemodynamic support devices, like extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; and surgical embolectomy. There has been development of multidisciplinary PE response teams nationwide to optimize the care of patients with VTE. This review describes the epidemiology of PE, discusses diagnostic strategies and current and emerging treatment...
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Administration of ESA and iron therapy reduced the risk for RBC transfusion compared with iron therapy alone in patients undergoing cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. Nevertheless, publication bias and heterogeneity reduces the confidence of the finding. Although the analysis was probably under-powered for some outcomes, no difference in the incidence of serious adverse events was observed with ESA and iron compared with iron alone. Further large prospective trials are required to confirm these findings. PMID: 30924000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research
Thrombosis is the localized clotting of blood that can occur in both the arterial and venous circulation. It is a key factor in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction and stroke and the primary cause of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of thrombotic episodes is crucial in reducing the morbidity and potential mortality associated with arterial and venous thrombotic disorders by allowing early targeted therapeutic interventions. From a clinical perspective the ability to accurately assess the age and composition of thrombus is highly desirable given that an...
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
For decades, extracorporeal life support (commonly referred to as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or ECMO) was used in the operating room (OR) and ICU to treat refractory shock, typically after surgery. More recently, ECMO has been used to treat refractory cardiac arrest; in this indication, it takes the name “ECPR.” Today, ECPR is used in many places. Although there are published case reports, series and after/before studies, there have been no randomized controlled trials to illustrate its effectiveness in the resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. However, ECPR is now recommend...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Cardiac & Resuscitation Top Story Exclusive Articles Patient Care Heart of America Source Type: news
Koechlin L, Strebel I, Keller DI, Lohrmann J, Michou E, Kühne M, Reichlin T, Mueller C Abstract BACKGROUND: The utility of B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) concentrations for diagnosis and risk-stratification of syncope is incompletely understood. METHODS: We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of BNP, NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, and hs-cTnI concentrations, alone and against the ones of clinical assessments, in patients>45years presenting with syncope to the emergency department (ED) in a prospective diagnostic multice...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
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