Predictors of dependence after MCA ischemic stroke submitted to thrombolysis.

Predictors of dependence after MCA ischemic stroke submitted to thrombolysis. Neurol Res. 2017 Nov 10;:1-5 Authors: Ducci RD, Lange MC, Germiniani FMB, Zétola VHF Abstract OBJECTIVES: Stroke is one of the most common causes of disability-adjusted life years worldwide. The aim of this study is to identify variables associated with dependence at 3 months and also after the first 3 months after the first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) in middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory submitted to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). METHODS: A single-center cohort study of patients with first-ever MCA IS treated with IVT at the Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, was followed over 5 years. Logistic regression was performed to determine predictors of early and late dependence. RESULTS: A total of 144 patients were included; 48.6% women, and 47.2% were dependent at 3 months after stroke. NIHSS at admission (OR = 1.3, 95%CI = 1.16-1.45, p
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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We report a case study that assessed dysphagia (GUSS, Gugging Swallowing Screen), paralysis (MRC, Medical Research Council), and disability (mRS, modified Rankin Scale) in the AVANT program (Austrian Vietnamese Advancement Neurorehabilitation Treatment) - a collaboration program between Vietnam and Austria to standardize and systemize neurorehabilitation after stroke practice in Vietnam. PMID: 31666824 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In 2014, there were 28,212,820 (2.02% AIS and 5.50% LDs) hospitalizations. LDs patients had higher prevalence and odds of having AIS compared with non-LDs. Between 2003-2014, of the total 4,224,924 AIS hospitalizations, 451,645 (10.69%) had LDs. Patients with LDs had lower percentages and odds of mortality, risk of death, major/extreme disability, discharge to nursing facility, and complications including epilepsy, stroke-associated pneumonia, GI-bleeding and hemorrhagic-transformation compared to non-LDs. Although LDs are risk factors for AIS, concurrent LDs in AIS is not only associated with lower mortality ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
AbstractWhilst stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) is common and associated with poor outcomes, less is known about the determinants of these adverse clinical outcomes in SAP. To identify the factors that influence mortality and morbidity in SAP. Data for patients with SAP (n = 854) were extracted from a regional Hospital Stroke Register in Norfolk, UK (2003–2015). SAP was defined as pneumonia occurring within 7 days of admission by the treating clinicians. Mutlivariable regression models were constructed to assess factors influencing survival and the level of di sability at discharge using modified ...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Rajborirug K, Tumviriyakul H, Suwanno J Abstract Background: Several trials have verified the benefits of stroke unit (SU) in acute stroke care worldwide. Objective: Compare clinical outcomes and costs of care in acute ischemic stroke patients who were ineligible for thrombolytic treatment (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator-rt PA) in a primary stroke center. Material and Method: A prospective study was conducted in acute ischemic stroke patients, aged 15 years old and above, presenting within 72 hours of onset. At discharge, neurological and medical complications, mortality rate, National In...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Preventive antibiotics had no effect on functional outcome or mortality, but significantly reduced the risk of 'overall' infections. This reduction was driven mainly by prevention of urinary tract infection; no effect for pneumonia was found. PMID: 29355906 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions: Lag 0–2 OPDTT was associated with ED visits for multiple cardiorespiratory outcomes, providing support for the utility of OPDTT as a measure of fine particle toxicity. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1545 Received: 23 December 2016 Revised: 4 August 2017 Accepted: 12 August 2017 Published: 26 October 2017 Please address correspondence to J.Y. Abrams, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NCEZID/DHCPP, 1600 Clifton Rd. NE, CDC Mailstop A30, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA. Telephone: (404) 639-5121. Email: jabrams@cdc.gov Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1545). The authors ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Heat waves can confer additional risks of ED visits beyond those of daily air temperature, even in a region with high air-conditioning prevalence. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP44 Received: 29 February 2016 Revised: 13 October 2016 Accepted: 24 October 2016 Published: 31 May 2017 Address correspondence to H.H. Chang, Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30322. Telephone: (404) 712-4627; E-mail: howard.chang@emory.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP44). The authors declare they have no actual ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Objective:To compare in-hospital outcomes of non-traumatic carotid versus vertebral artery dissections at national level.Background:Carotid and vertebral artery dissections are relatively common causes of ischemic stroke especially in younger population. Comparative analysis between these two entities at the national level is not well reported.Design/Methods:A retrospective study was conducted using national inpatient data (years 2008 to 2012). Patients were identified with a principal diagnosis of carotid dissection (ICD9 = 443.21) and vertebral dissections (ICD9 = 443.24). Baseline characteristics, co-morbidities, in-hos...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocritical Care: Ischemic Injury Source Type: research
Conclusions:In our large cohort of patients with acute stroke and PEG tubes, nearly 9/10 had severe disability at discharge. From discharge to 1 year, there was no difference in mortality between PEG and NG patient cohorts. These results suggest that PEG tubes serve mainly to prolong survival in patients discharged with severe disability. Our study may help support guideline creation and facilitate discussions with patients and families regarding PEG tube placement after acute stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Joundi has nothing to disclose. Dr. Saposnik has nothing to disclose. Dr. Martino has nothing to disclose. Dr. Fang has nothi...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology Poster Discussion Session Source Type: research
Conclusions—One in 5 patients with acute ischemic stroke did not have documented dysphagia screening, and patients with mild strokes were substantially less likely to have documented screening. Failing dysphagia screening was associated with poor outcomes, including in patients with mild strokes, highlighting the importance of dysphagia screening for all patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Health Services, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
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