Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

Disease Outbreak News for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

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From 1 June through 16 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 32 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including 10 deaths.
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Abstract Evaluation of people returning from trips abroad with fever is an important skill for all general physicians given the increasing trend in foreign travel. This evaluation should comprise a detailed travel history, thorough clinical examination, appropriate initial tests and a knowledge of when to ask for further advice. An understanding of the incubation periods of common imported infections and a syndromic approach to patients' symptoms is helpful in order to narrow down the likely diagnosis. The need to implement relevant infection control precautions has been highlighted by the recent Middle East respi...
Source: British Journal of Hospital Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Hosp Med (Lond) Source Type: research
On 8 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point (NFP) of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of a laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
On 22 August 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified WHO about a laboratory-confirmed Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. The patient is a resident of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who was visiting the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis hospital outbreak demonstrated the difficulties in diagnosing pneumonia in patients with renal and cardiac failure, which leads to delayed suspicion of MERS-CoV and hence delay in applying the proper infection control procedures. In MERS-CoV endemic countries there is an urgent need for developing rapid point-of-care testing that would assist emergency department staff in triaging suspected cases of MERS-CoV to ensure timely isolation and management of their primary illness and prevent major MERS-CoV outbreaks.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Y, Sun J, Zhu A, Zhao J, Zhao J Abstract Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a highly lethal respiratory disease caused by a novel betacoronavirus (MERS coronavirus, MERS-CoV). Since its first emergence in 2012, multiple transmission events of MERS-CoV (dromedary to human and human to human) have been reported, indicating that MERS-CoV has the potential to cause widespread outbreak. However, the epidemiology of MERS as well as immune responses against the virus in animal models and patients are still not well understood, hindering the vaccine and therapeutic developments. In this review, we sum...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
In conclusion, using bioinformatics methods, we analyzed the genome sequence of MERS-CoV and identified a potential B-cell epitope of the E protein, which might significantly improve our current MERS vaccine development strategies.
Source: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2018Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Paul G. AuwaerterAbstractThe Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a coronavirus capable of causing acute respiratory illness. Laboratory confirmed MERS-CoV cases may be asymptomatic, have mild disease or life-threatening infection with a high case fatality rate. There are three patterns of transmission: sporadic community cases from presumed non-human exposure, family clusters arising from contact with the infected family index case, and healthcare-acquired infections among patients and f...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsIt is necessary to examine the difficulties and demands of healthcare providers for establishing a safe healthcare system to respond effectively when national disasters occur. In addition, it is necessary to develop strategies to protect healthcare providers from severe physical and psychological stress.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2018Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Paul G. AuwaerterAbstractThe Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a coronavirus capable of causing acute respiratory illness. Laboratory confirmed MERS-CoV cases may be asymptomatic, have mild disease or life-threatening infection with a high case fatality rate. There are three patterns of transmission: sporadic community cases from presumed non-human exposure, family clusters arising from contact with the infected family index case, and healthcare-acquired infections among patients and f...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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