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Cells to Society: Native American Heritage/ Endowment / Research News

This study evaluates treatment outcomes from a clinical cohort with task-sharing between a clinical nurse practitioner and a medical officer. The researchers examined opportunities to increase treatment rates for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa.     Read more   Climate Change   Health Impact of Climate Change in Older People: An Integrative Review and Implications for Nursing by Erwin William A. Leyva*, Adam Beaman, and Patricia Davidson in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship Older people account for the highest proportion of mortality from extreme weather events associated with climate change. This article describes the health impacts of climate change on that population.     Read more   ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news

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Authors: Guedes AF, Sargento L, Braz-Nogueira J, Lousada N, Moreira C, Carvalho FA, Santos NC Abstract Erythrocyte aggregation is an indicator of cardiovascular risk, which is influenced by plasma fibrinogen concentration. Fibrinogen levels are elevated during cardiovascular diseases. Our main goals were to understand how fibrinogen-erythrocyte binding influences erythrocyte aggregation and how it constitutes a cardiovascular risk factor in essential arterial hypertension (EAH) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Fibrinogen-erythrocyte and erythrocyte-erythrocyte adhesion measurements were conducted by atomic force mi...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prevalence ratios of the chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression differed according to sex and age groups. Collaborative care strategies should be designed according to demographic characteristics of the population. PMID: 29669409 [PubMed]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Authors: Na R, Kim YJ, Kim K, Kim KW Abstract The study is designed as a systematic review on nonpharmacological interventions for patients with moderate to severe dementia. This review will be conducted in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The following databases will be searched: Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, KoreaMED, KMbase, and KISS. The primary outcome will include the effect of the interventions on activities of daily living and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. The literature search will be conducted based on search strateg...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
This article reviews all the studies that have investigated the psychiatric or psychosocial sequelae of the survivors of the Japanese military sexual slavery. Most importantly, a recent study which conducted a psychiatric evaluation on the former "comfort women" currently alive in South Korea is introduced. The participants' unmarried rate was relatively high and their total fertility rate was relatively low. Majority of the participants reported having no education and being the low economic status. They showed high current and lifetime prevalence of posttraumatic disorder, major depressive disorder, somatic sym...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
PMID: 29672384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
This study was aimed at exploring anxiety and depression and the associated factors in patients with permanent AF. Materials and Methods. The sample of the study included 170 AF patients. Data collection was performed by the method of interview using the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" (HADS) to assess anxiety and depression and a questionnaire including patients' characteristics. Results. 70% of the participants were men, and 32.4% were above 70 years old. Furthermore, 34.9% of the patients had high levels of anxiety, and 20.2% had high levels of depression. Anxiety levels were statistically significantl...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of mental health presentations to EDs increased significantly in NSW between 2010 and 2014, particularly presentations by adolescents. Urgent action is needed to provide better access to adolescent mental health services in the community and to enhance ED models of mental health care. The underlying drivers of this trend should be investigated to improve mental health care. PMID: 29669496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The number of children who presented to Victorian public hospital EDs for mental health problems increased during 2008-2015, particularly for self-harm, depression, and behavioural disorders. PMID: 29669495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Accidental rectus muscle disinsertion after pterygium excision surgery is a serious but rare postoperative complication of pterygium surgery. Great care should be taken intraoperatively to avoid this complication. Reattachment of the disinserted medial rectus will produce a satisfactory resolution of the problem. PMID: 29672190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Strabismus - Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research
Authors: Kwak KA, Cho HJ, Yang JY, Park YS Abstract Liver cirrhosis is a major cause of mortality and a common end of various progressive liver diseases. Since the effective treatment is currently limited to liver transplantation, stem cell-based therapy as an alternative has attracted interest due to promising results from preclinical and clinical studies. However, there is still much to be understood regarding the precise mechanisms of action. A number of stem cells from different origins have been employed for hepatic regeneration with different degrees of success. The present review presents a synopsis of stem ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
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