NCI awards $8M grant for AI in radiology/pathology

The U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded a five-year, $8 million...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: NIH opens massive x-ray database to propel AI research NIH releases massive database of chest x-rays NCI awards $17M grant for breast imaging How will AI affect radiology over the next 20 years? Moonshot group to award $1M for lung cancer detection
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Authors: Li Y, Dai Y, Yu N, Duan X, Zhang W, Guo Y, Wang J Abstract BACKGROUND: Improved visualization of lung cancer-associated vessels is vital. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of 3-D quantitative CT in lung cancer-associated pulmonary vessel assessment. METHODS: Vascular CT changes were assessed visually and using FACT-Digital lung TM software (n = 162 patients, 178 controls). The total number of pulmonary vessels (TNV) and mean lumen area of pulmonary vessels (MAV) vertical to cross-sections of fifth/sixth-generation bronchioles were measured. RESULTS: Visual investigation revealed fewer ips...
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the long-term side effects of proton radiation to equivalent doses of X-rays in the initiation and progression of premalignant lesions in a lung cancer susceptible mouse model (K-rasLA1). We show proton irradiation causes more complex DNA damage that is not completely repaired resulting in increased oxidative stress in the lungs both acutely and persistently. We further observed K-rasLA1 mice irradiated with protons had an increased number and size of initiated and premalignant lesions and adenomas that were often infiltrated with inflammatory cells. Proton irradiated mice had a lower median surv...
Source: Life Sciences in Space Research - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In order for accredited Radiological Technologists to serve as primary screeners of low-dose computed tomography, it is important to revise the educational system according to current standard practices. PMID: 30103369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
This study was conducted to check for the radiosensitizing potential of VCN-2 in the NSCLC cell line, NCI-H23. NCI-H23 cells were exposed to VCN-2 singularly, and to X-rays with and without prior VCN-2 treatment. Cytotoxicity assay, cell proliferation assay, caspase-3 activity assay, DNA fragmentation assay and Western blotting for Rad50, MMP-2 and p21 were performed to investigate the radiosensitizing properties of VCN-2. Fibroblast survival assay was performed using HEK293T cells to check for any adverse effects of VCN-2 on normal fibroblast cell line. VCN-2 singularly and in combination with radiation reduced the surviv...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
It ’s difficult to open a newspaper nowadays without seeing an article about artificial intelligence. These column-inches spark our imaginations with heady visions of possible futures and crease our brows with concern in equal measure. But one thing you cannot escape is that AI is here now and it’s only going to become more pervasive.While fear of an unknown technology is understandable, in many ways it does a disservice to the incredible impact that AI is already having on the world around us. In the healthcare space alone, it is offering ways to fundamentally rethink clinical practice, speeding up diagnosis, ...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Medical imaging is an essential component of the diagnostic procedures performed in lung cancer. Next to that, it is also used for response assessment. The imaging modalities used in oncology have evolved from simple X-rays to computed tomography (CT)- and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Nuclear imaging has innovated by the introduction of positron-emission tomography (PET) with several tracers being 18F-fludeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) most frequently used. An 18F-FDG-PET-scan using an integrated PET-CT scanner combined with a contrast enhanced CT is nowadays a standard staging technique in thoracic oncology.
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This research article noted large increase in community chest Xray referrals in response to symptom awareness campaign in Leeds. Increase in proportion diagnosed with early stage and reduction in number of cases diagnosed advanced disease was observed though causal link could not be proven
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A new law passed in Kentucky could reduce diagnosis rates of black lung in the state. The bill backed by Republican Representative Adam Koenig allows only NIOSH-certified pulmonologists to interpret chest x-rays in black lung compensation cases. Previously, B reader radiologists could also read chest radiographs in black lung claims.Black lung has become increasingly common among miners. Around one in 14 miners with at least 25 years of experience are diagnosed with the condition.According to  NPR, there are only six pulmonologists in Kentucky with  NIOSHcertification, the qualification to assess pneumoconiosis &...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
The biological method for synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Bacopa monneri leaves and its anti-proliferation against human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) was studied. The AgNPs synthesis was determined by an ultraviolet–visible spectrum and was confirmed primarily by the colour change and surface plasmon resonance was observed at 450 nm and its reduction of functional groups stretched in AgNPs was identified by Fourier transform infrared and the crystalline nature of AgNPs was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The structural morphology of the AgNPs was found to be spherical and polygonal shape and...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
By HUGH HARVEY, MD Artificial intelligence requires data. Ideally that data should be clean, trustworthy and above all, accurate. Unfortunately, medical data is far from it. In fact medical data is sometimes so far removed from being clean, it’s positively dirty. Consider the simple chest X-ray, the good old-fashioned posterior-anterior radiograph of the thorax. One of the longest standing radiological techniques in the medical diagnostic armoury, performed across the world by the billions. So many in fact, that radiologists struggle to keep up with the sheer volume, and sometimes forget to read the odd 23,000 of the...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AI Data Hugh Harvey Radiology Source Type: blogs
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