Artificial intelligence may help bridge experience gap for liver CEUS

Can a computer-aided diagnosis system based on machine learning characterize...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Contrast ultrasound clears up picture for renal lesions Ultrasound loses one of its greats in David Cosgrove Contrast image processing boosts ultrasound performance Contrast ultrasound is safe, effective for pediatric patients ARRS: Contrast ultrasound works well for liver lesions
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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NVIDIA remains at the forefront of developing key artificial intelligence systems for radiology with their latest launch of the Clara Software Development Kit (SDK), which will enable third-party developers to build enhanced imaging applications with a series of accelerated libraries.The SDK is an expansion of NVIDIA ’sClara Platform, a GPU-based system comprised of both computing architecture and software development, which was introduced back in September as a part of its Project Clara initiative. Project Clara ’s objective is to help computing devices to operate in synchrony by expediting image quality and s...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2018Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Steven L. Rathgeber, Kevin C. HarrisAbstractThe growing awareness of Fontan associated liver disease (FALD) in adults with Fontan physiology has provided the impetus to better understand the natural history of Fontan associated liver disease (FALD) and develop a reliable non-invasive method to diagnose and monitor liver health in this population. Biochemical and imaging tests have been investigated to determine their association with liver pathology. The congestive hepatopathy that develops after the Fontan procedure has mad...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractSince I moved from the National Cancer Center to Shinshu University, I have been performing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), which is the only way to save the life of patients with end-stage liver disease. In June 1990, we performed the first LDLT that case was the first successful case in Japan. The patient remains healthy and is enjoying a normal life still 28  years after the transplant. In 1993, we successfully performed adult-to-adult LDLT, which was the first successful case in the world. The patient enjoyed a normal life for 17 years until she died at 70 years of age. For small child...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Introduction:Multiple Myeloma (MM) accounts for 13% of all hematologic malignancies. Plasma cells (PC) proliferation is mainly restricted to the bone marrow (BM) in most of the patients. Extramedullary myeloma (EMM) is defined by the PCs outside the bone marrow. The prevalence of EMM in myeloma patients has been reported at 7 to 15 percent in newly diagnosed patients and from 6 to 20 percent in relapsed setting. Patients with EMM have poor prognosis with a median overall survival of
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation Source Type: research
Conclusions: Elevated liver stiffness assessed by either TE or pSWE is associated with an increased risk for liver related complications including SOS, non-relapse mortality and decreased survival after allogeneic HCT. LSM should be evaluated further as a potential additional prognostic marker in the comorbidity assessment before transplant. Pts at higher risk for liver related events could be subject to additional prophylaxis such as defibrotide for the prevention of SOS.DisclosuresFranke: Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy; Jazz: Honoraria. Niederwieser: Miltenyi: Speakers Bureau; Nov...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster I Source Type: research
Purpose:Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a severe complication of allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). The diagnosis of VOD is often difficult and relies on clinical assessment and clinical chemistry. B-mode ultrasound (B-US) and color doppler sonography (CDS) are only of limited additional diagnostic value. We recently observed a patient with VOD, who revealed a pathologic hepatic CEUS pattern (reduced portal venous and parenchymal enhancement). Because CEUS is a measure of perfusion, this suggested that CEUS could potentially be a novel diagnostic tool of VOD (Trenker et al. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 2018). ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster II Source Type: research
Introduction: Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD)/Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome (SOS) is a serious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) that is triggered, at least in part, by conditioning regimen-induced sinusoidal endothelial cell injury. VOD is thus commonly, but not exclusively, associated with myeloablative conditioning (MAC). The incidence of VOD in reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) HSCT was 2% in a single center series (Carreras et al. BBMT 2011), and risk factors for VOD in RIC HSCT remain poorly defined.Methods: We performed a retrospective review to confirm all cases of VOD among p...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster II Source Type: research
We report the results of a prospective single center study evaluating the role of LSM assessed by Transient Elastography (TE), in adult patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT for haematological malignancies since April 2016 at the Institute of Hematology "L. and A. Seràgnoli", Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy. The exclusion criteria were patients with Body Mass Index (BMI) over 40 kg/m2, ascites and diagnosis of advanced chronic liver disease (ACLD) at pre-HSCT assessment. LSM were assessed bedside of patients by TE, using the FibroScan® apparatus with "M" probe (Echosens...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster I Source Type: research
ConclusionIC was more often observed when HA complication occurred within the first 3  months after LT. The presence of IC was not excluded by a normal DUS during follow-up.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We present a case of ICP monitoring with ocular ultrasonography in a 2-year-old child with ALF for liver transplantation. Since invasive ICP monitoring was risky considering the level of coagulopathy, optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) monitoring was done by ultrasound. A value of 4.5 mm was chosen as the cut-off for an ICP >20 mmHg in this child and was checked at regular intervals during the surgery. Ultrasonographic ONSD assessment can be a useful modality in liver transplant recipients, with severe coagulopathy and high ICP. In our specific patient scenario, ocular ultrasound proved to be a valuable safe and noninv...
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
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