Burden of tuberculosis among students in two ethiopian universities.

Conclusion: The number of tuberculosis cases observed among university students in this study was high. Governmental and nongovernmental agencies involved in tuberculosis control must consider higher education institutions as focal points for prevention and elimination of tuberculosis in Ethiopia. PMID: 29115116 [PubMed]
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Related Links:

In China, tuberculosis (TB) is still a major infectious disease threatening people's health. Smear positive pulmonary TB is one of the most common infectious form of TB and it might easily cause the outbreak in some areas. With a better understanding of the spatial-temporal variations of smear positive PTB, we would reach the targets for TB prevention and controlling, identify high-risk areas and periods. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the spatial-temporal variations of smear positive PTB.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Serbia has a low incidence of tuberculosis (TB), with a decreasing trend in the last decade. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe an outbreak of TB infection that occurred in 2016 among students of a grammar school in Novi Pazar. A 17-year-old girl, third-grade student of a grammar school (the index case), was diagnosed with smear-positive tuberculosis. Contact investigation was conducted, including chest X-ray examinations of over 1100 persons. After the index case was detected, a total of 16 (10 pulmonary and 6 extrapulmonary) tuberculosis patients were newly diagnosed during 2016. Among 11 cul...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Conclusions: Comparison of the resistance profile of M. tuberculosis strains isolated in index and secondary TB cases from the same household revealed a significant rate of divergence. That suggest a potential high rate of TB transmission in the community outside the household. Molecular epidemiology studies are required to prove the phenomenon.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusions: General Practitioners should remain highly vigilant of TB symptoms. Proactive screening and close liaison with Public Health is crucial in managing such outbreaks.Table 1Total NumberTreatment offeredTreatment CompletedChallengesUnder 16 years of ageActive TB555Latent TB453935Declined treatment =2Incomplete treatment=2Referred to local TB services (Out side Bolton)=6Between 16 to 35 years of ageActive TB754Treated elsewhere (North East)= 2Incomplete treatment=1 (left the UK)Latent TB503431Declined treatment =2 (CXR follow up given)Incomplete treatment (side effects) =1Multiple non-attendances= 16 (GPs informed)
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
The World Health Organization (WHO), jointly with experts from tuberculosis (TB) low-incidence countries, developed a framework for TB elimination [1, 2].
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis, Paediatric pulmonology Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
Background: During the period 2005 to 2015, there were 241 multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB cases diagnosed in Singapore. Of these, 183 (81.7%) were foreign-born. Using spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR, we determined the pattern of MDRTB transmission in Singapore and compared the characteristics of the clustered versus non-clustered cases.Methods: The TB Notification Registry captures the drug susceptibility pattern of all Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates grown in the two mycobacteriology laboratories in Singapore. Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR was performed on all MDR isolates at the Singapore Central TB Laboratory. Patient chara...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 10.2 Tuberculosis Source Type: research
We reported the effect of tuberculosis infection control measures that were introduced in 2001 and that consisted of 1) building a respiratory isolation ward with mechanical ventilation, 2) triage segregation of patients, 3) relocation of waiting room to outdoors, 4) rapid sputum smear microscopy, and 5) culture/drug-susceptibility testing with the microscopic-observation drug-susceptibility assay. Records pertaining to patients attending the study site between 1997 and 2004 were reviewed. Six hundred and fifty five HIV/TB-coinfected patients (mean age 33 years, 79% male) who attended the service during the study period we...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Conclusion After TB outbreaks, more than one-third of inpatients were QFT-positive for LTBI. Our findings suggest that, beside the infectiousness of source cases, intensity of exposure, and age of contacts, exposure to TB cases in potential genotyping clusters may be predictive for LTBI in this male psychiatric population.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: After TB outbreaks, more than one third of inpatients were QFT-positive for LTBI. Our findings suggest that, beside the infectiousness of source cases, intensity of exposure, and age of contacts, exposure to TB cases in potential genotyping clusters may be predictive for LTBI in this male psychiatric population. PMID: 26694909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) outbreak occurred in a boarding middle school of China. We explored its probable sources and quantified the transmissibility and pathogenicity of TB. Clinical evaluation, tuberculin skin testing and chest radiography were conducted to identify TB cases. Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates underwent genotyping analysis to identify the outbreak source. A chain-binomial transmission model was used to evaluate transmissibility and pathogenicity of TB. A total of 46 active cases were ascertained among 258 students and 15 teachers/staff, an attack rate of 16.8%. Genetic analyses revealed two g...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
More News: Education | Ethiopia Health | Outbreaks | Papanicolaou (Pap) Smear | Science | Statistics | Students | Study | Tuberculosis | Universities | Universities & Medical Training