Adolescents use dietary supplements to increase sports performance and improve immunity
(Elsevier) Adolescents in developed countries frequently use dietary supplements despite a lack of knowledge about possible harmful effects or drug interactions. Often males turn to dietary supplements in an attempt to increase their performance for sports while females are more concerned with preventing illness and disease. To understand the underlying reasons and sources of recommendation for dietary supplement use among adolescents in Slovenia, researchers at the University of Ljubljana studied both athletes and nonathletes.
Authors: Glaudemans AW, Prandini N, DI Girolamo M, Argento G, Lauri C, Lazzeri E, Muto M, Sconfienza LM, Signore A Abstract This review article highlights the role of radiological and nuclear medicine techniques in diagnosis of musculoskeletal infections with particular regard to hybrid imaging of osteomyelitis, prosthetic joint infections, sternal infections and spine infections. Authors conclude on the complementary role of the several techniques with indications for an appropriate diagnostic flow chart, in the light of the recent EANM guidelines on infection. PMID: 29166757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Versari A, Pipitone N, Casali M, Jamar F, Pazzola G Abstract Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu's arteritis (TA) are large vessel vasculitis (LVV) primarily affecting the aorta and its major branches, mainly differentiated by the onset age (>50 years GCA and
Authors: Signore A, Artiko V PMID: 29166755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The emergence of new treatment paradigms and the increasing trend toward personalizing treatment should be associated with a concomitant evolution of response assessment, in both research and clinical settings. PMID: 29166754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: PET/CT appears to perform well in the assessment of response to interventional therapies compared to conventional imaging, not only in terms of response evaluation but also as a possible prognostic tool. Nevertheless further prospective, homogenous studies are required to confirm these data, in particular for lung and bone lesions. PMID: 29166753 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Tagliabue L, Capozza A, Maioli C, Luciani A, Ierardi AM, Carrafiello G Abstract Since the beginning of second decade of this century, when it was introduced in many oncologic scenarios, immunotherapy has become an important tool in the management of a growing number of cancers. Engaging the host immune system in cancer therapy seems to be useful, improving not only progression free survival but also overall survival, until the achieving the goal that many advanced cancers, previously considered without effective treatment options, have now become successfully treatable. Moreover, considering the relatively...
CONCLUSIONS: The neuropathological ALS stages correspond to discriminative regional brain glucose metabolism patterns correlating with disease duration and forced vital capacity. Furthermore, metabolic stage 4 may represents a separate group of ALS progression towards frontotemporal dementia. PMID: 29166751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Low allergy‐related disease (ARD) prevalence in low‐income countries may be partly attributed to helminth infections. In the Schistosoma mansoni (Sm)‐endemic Lake Victoria islands (Uganda), we recently observed positive helminth‐allergy associations, despite low ARD prevalence. To understand how Sm‐induced cytokine and antibody profiles might influence allergic response profiles in this population, we assessed Schistosoma worm (SWA)‐ and egg antigen (SEA)‐specific Th1 (IFN‐γ), Th2 (IL‐5, IL‐13) and regulatory (IL‐10) cytokine profiles (n=407), and total (n=471), SWA‐, SEA‐ and aller...
Introduction: 2017 Taiwan Association of Thoracic &Cardiovascular Surgery. J Thorac Dis. 2017 Oct;9(Suppl 14):S1397-S1398 Authors: Chen YS, Lee JM, Chao YK PMID: 29167749 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Nurses showed a moderate systems thinking competency. Systems thinking was a significant factor associated with patient safety. Impact Statement: The findings of this study highlight the importance of enhancing nurses' systems thinking capacity to promote patient safety. PMID: 29166828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]