Namibia ’s ban on antibiotics in healthy animals drives meat exports

Namibia ’s ban on antibiotics in healthy animals drives meat exports
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: antimicrobial resistance [subject], African Region [region], Feature [doctype], Namibia [country] Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 1 June 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Vasiliki Galani, Costas C. Papagiannitsis, Efi Petinaki
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Descriptive rather than theoretical ambitions have characterized the literature. If we want to better understand and explain the antibiotic situation from a behavioural perspective, the required approaches are lacking. A framework for an epidemiological causal web behind ABR is suggested and may serve to identify entry points for potential interventions. PMID: 32475304 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
In this study, we applied whole metagenome sequencing (WMS) to characterize the resistome of the CM microbiome, focusing on antibiotics and metals resistance, biofilm formation (BF), and quorum sensing (QS) along with in vitro resistance assays of six selected pathogens isolated from the same CM samples. The WMS generated an average of 21.13 million reads (post-processing) from 25 CM samples that mapped to 519 bacterial strains, of which 30.06% were previously unreported. We found a significant (P = 0.001) association between the resistomes and microbiome composition with no association with cattle breed, despite significa...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe conducted a review of the literature describing the most up-to-date diagnosis and treatment options of chronic bacterial prostatitis.Recent FindingsRecurrence after oral antimicrobial therapy is common, due in part to the rising rates of antimicrobial resistance and inability to completely clear the offending bacteria from the prostate following prostatitis. Recent literature has described various treatment options for chronic bacterial prostatitis refractory to conventional antimicrobial agents, including the use of alternative agents such as fosfomycin, direct antimicrobial injections into the...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study evidences the advantages of a nationwide collection of isolates and of centralized AMR testing to respond to supranational (EURO-GASP) requirements while providing unprecedented data on AMR in the context of 15  years of surveillance.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In the last century, life expectancy has increased considerably, thanks to the introduction of antibiotics, hygiene and vaccines that have contributed to the cure and prevention of many infectious diseases. The era of antimicrobial therapy started in the nineteenth century with the identification of chemical compounds with antimicrobial properties. However, immediately after the introduction of these novel drugs, microorganisms started to become resistant through different strategies. Although resistance mechanisms were already present before antibiotic introduction, their large-scale use and mis-use have increased the num...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundAcute otitis media (AOM) is a common painful infection in children, with around 2.8 million cases presenting to primary care in England and Wales annually. Nearly all children who present to their general practitioner (GP) with AOM or AOM with discharge (AOMd) are treated with orally administered antibiotics. These can cause side effects; contribute to the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance, and more rarely, allergic reactions. Alternative treatments, such as an antibiotic eardrops, or ‘delayed’ orally administered antibiotics, could be at least as effective and safe as immediate oral...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Mobile phones belonging to health care workers are frequently contaminated with pathogenic bacteria with the potential of transferring drug resistance to nosocomial pathogens. Studies investigating the relationship to surgical site infections need to be conducted. The concept of "mobile hygiene" involving the change of mobile covers, replacement of cracked screens or even wiping the phone with an alcohol swab could yield the cost-effective balance that contaminated cell phones deserve until they are established as a direct cause of surgical site infections. PMID: 32477902 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 21Author(s): Lebogang Kenaope, Hannetjie Ferreira, Faheem Seedat, Kennedy Otwombe, Neil A. Martinson, Ebrahim Variava
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractDespite improvements in hospital infection prevention and control, healthcare associated infections (HAIs) remain a challenge with significant patient morbidity, mortality, and cost for the healthcare system. In this review, we use a One Health framework (human, animal, and environmental health) to explain the epidemiology, demonstrate key knowledge gaps in infection prevention policy, and explore improvements to control Gram-positive pathogens in the healthcare environment. We discuss patient and healthcare worker interactions with the hospital environment that can lead to transmission of the most common Gram-posi...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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