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Sputum Color to Identify Neutrophilic Inflammation in Asthma Sputum Color to Identify Neutrophilic Inflammation in Asthma

Could sputum color help to assess for the presence of neutrophilic inflammation in asthma?BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine Journal Article Source Type: news

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In conclusion, this is the first study that reports the frequency of RV species in children and adult patients with acute respiratory tract infections; the frequency of RV-A and RV-C species were found to be similar but higher than RV-B species in all age groups. RV-C and RV-A was the highest species seen in children and adult patients, respectively. There is a need for further research to identify the types of RV circulating in the community and the prevalence of infections caused by the species. PMID: 29153065 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
ASTHMA symptoms in patients may be reduced after Chancellor Philip Hammond revealed plans in today's Budget 2017 to cut air pollution, by investing an extra £220 million in the Clean Air Fund.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ASTHMA UK has welcomed Chancellor Philip Hammond ’s plan to cut air pollution, by investing an extra £220 million in the Clean Air Fund, revealed in today's Budget 2017.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Objectives/HypothesisThe goal of the study was to perform a systematic review with meta‐analysis to determine the mean change in the 22‐item Sino‐Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT‐22) across patients who have had endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in the literature. MethodsA literature search was performed to identify studies that assessed SNOT‐22 scores before and after ESS in adult patients with CRS. A random effects model with inverse variance weighting was used to generate the mean change after surgery, along with the forest plot and 95% confidence interval (CI). The impact of patient‐sp...
Source: The Laryngoscope - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Authors: Norlien KG, Landsteiner A, Carlson A Abstract Cosmetologists face a variety of occupational health and safety challenges. To gather information on respiratory issues related to work as a cosmetologist, licensed cosmetologists were invited by e-mail to participate in a short online survey. The survey collected demographic data, work history, respiratory symptoms, product usage, and health and safety training. Results revealed that while 57% of cosmetologists reported having received training on customer or consumer safety, only 10.5% had received training on worker health such as work-related asthma and/or ...
Source: Journal of Environmental Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Health Source Type: research
Discussion The impedance-based contraction assay can be applied to both basic research and drug discovery for characterizing cellular contraction quantitatively. Because it has high throughput capacity and high reproducibility, the impedance-based contraction assay is useful for high throughput functional screening in drug industry.
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Air pollution is a recognized aggravating factor for pulmonary diseases and has notably deleterious effects on asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia. Recent studies suggest that air pollution may also cause adverse...
Source: Particle and Fibre Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Summary Fungal sensitisation in adults is associated with severe asthma but prevalence and clinical significance of fungal sensitisation remains unclear in paediatric population. The aim of this study was to study the association of fungal sensitisation with disease severity in children with persistent asthma. One hundred children with persistent asthma in age group 7‐15 years, symptom duration>2 years and forced expiratory volume in first second>50% of expected were enrolled. Skin prick test (SPT) to 8 fungal antigens and total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) were done. Fungal sensitisation was described as...
Source: Mycoses - Category: Research Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSuccessful breastfeeding is a goal set forth by the World Health Organization to improve neonatal care. Increasingly, patients express the desire to breastfeed, and clinicians should facilitate successful breastfeeding. The primary aim of this study is to determine if postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) or postoperative pain are associated with decreased breastfeeding success after cesarean delivery.MethodsThis is a historical cohort study using the Stony Brook Elective Cesarean Delivery Database. Self-reported breastfeeding success at 4  weeks postoperative was analyzed for associations with po...
Source: Perioperative Medicine - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion and Clinical RelevanceEosinophils are phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous. As shown here, eosinophils from fungal allergen–challenged wild‐type mice maintain a distinct cytokine profile, and, unlike eosinophils isolated from IL5tg mice, they survive ex vivo in the absence of exogenous pro‐survival cytokine support. As treatments for asthma currently in development focus on limiting eosinophil viability via strategic cytokine blockade, the molecular mechanisms underlying differential survival merit further investigation.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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