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Outcome after relapse of myelodysplastic syndrome and secondary acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective registry analysis on 698 patients by the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Outcome after relapse of myelodysplastic syndrome and secondary acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective registry analysis on 698 patients by the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Haematologica. 2017 Nov 03;: Authors: Schmid C, de Wreede LC, van Biezen A, Finke J, Ehninger G, Ganser A, Volin L, Niederwieser D, Beelen D, Alessandrino P, Kanz L, Schleuning M, Passweg J, Veelken H, Maertens J, Cornelissen JJ, Blaise D, Gramatzki M, Milpied N, Yakub-Agha I, Mufti G, Rovira M, Arnold R, De Witte T, Robin M, Kröger N Abstract No standard exists for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We performed a retrospective registry analysis of outcome and risk factors in 698 patients, treated with different strategies. Median overall survival from relapse was 4.7 months (4.1-5.3), 2-year survival was 17.7% (14.8-21.2%). Shorter remission after transplantation (p
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research

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Background: Azacitidine (Aza) and donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) confer survival advantage with improved tolerability for patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) following allogenic stem cell transplantation (SCT).
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
AbstractIn contrast to the evidence regarding azacitidine (Aza), there is limited knowledge about the combination of decitabine (DAC) and donor lymphocyte infusions as salvage therapy for relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) so far. We retrospectively analyzed data of 36 patients with hematological (n = 35) or molecular relapse (n = 1) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML,n = 29) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS,n = 7) collected from 6 German transplant centers. Patients were treated with a median of 2 cycles DAC (range, 1 to 11). DAC was the first ...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular features of five new patients with the t(12;22)/MN1-EVT6 who presented with acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. We subsequently reviewed the literature and identified seven additional cases reported with t(12;22)/MN1-EVT6. Our data suggest that neoplasms carrying the t(12;22)/MN1-ETV6, although rare, can commonly present as myeloid neoplasms at the initial diagnosis, including acute myeloid leukemia (n = 8), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 2), and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (n =&thin...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
We report a rare case of cutaneous myeloid sarcoma associated with chronic myeloid leukemia.
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Posttransplant MNs have a latency period between that seen in AML/MDS related to alkylators and that associated with topoisomerase II inhibitors. The cytogenetic profile suggests a mutagenic effect on leukemogenesis. The clinical outcome for AML/MDS is dismal, with death occurring at an early phase of treatment. PMID: 29228125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Ertz-Archambault N, Kelemen K Abstract Based on the current WHO Classification of Myeloid Neoplasms, cytogenetic findings play a central role in the diagnostic classification of the myeloid malignancies. Cytogenetic abnormalities detected at primary diagnosis may change over time. Karyotype changes can be characterized as cytogenetic evolution, cytogenetic regression or a combination of both. While the exact mechanism of cytogenetic evolution is not completely understood, the process of cytogenetic evolution is not random, but follows different, and often disease-specific patterns during progression and re...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cellular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Therapy related myeloid neoplasms (t‐MN) including therapy related myelodysplastic syndromes (t‐MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (t‐AML) are associated with aggressive disease biologies and poor outcomes. In this large (n = 497) and informative (inclusive of molecular and cytogenetic information) chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) patient cohort, we demonstrate key biological insights and an independent prognostic impact for t‐CMML. T‐CMML was diagnosed in 9% of patients and occurred approximately 7 years after exposure to prior chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. In comparison to de ...
Source: American Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
The oral histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (vorinostat) is safe and results in low incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after reduced-intensity conditioning, related donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, its safety and efficacy in preventing acute GVHD in settings of heightened clinical risk that use myeloablative conditioning, unrelated donor (URD), and methotrexate are not known. We conducted a prospective, phase 2 study in this higher-risk setting. We enrolled 37 patients to provide 80% power to detect a significant difference in grade 2 to 4 acute GVHD of 50% compared with a reducti...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transplantation, Free Research Articles, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
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