Establishment of Government-Initiated Comprehensive Stroke Centers for Acute Ischemic Stroke Management in South Korea Clinical Sciences

Conclusions— The Regional CSC program has improved the performance of acute stroke management in South Korea and can be used as a model for rapidly improving stroke management.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Emergency treatment of Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

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Authors: Poznyak AV, Zhang D, Grechko AV, Wu WK, Orekhov AN Abstract Atherosclerosis is a major cause of disease-related mortality around the globe. The main characteristic of the disease is an accumulation of plaque on the arterial wall and subsequent erosion or rupture of some plaques. Atherosclerosis often leads to cardiovascular disease and such acute complications as myocardial infarction or ischaemic stroke due to thrombus formation. Most recent advances in atherosclerotic research state that the modifications of low- density lipoprotein (LDL) are one of the most significant stages in the disease initiation, ...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The pati...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings revealed that certain factors (i.e., ID and CC) up-regulating transferrin are risk factors of thromboembolic diseases decipher a previously unrecognized mechanistic association among ID, CC and IS and provide a novel strategy for the development of anti-IS medicine by interfering with transferrin-thrombin/FXIIa interactions. PMID: 32450779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
AbstractPseudoxanthoma elasticum is a rare cause for ischaemic stroke. Little is known about acute and secondary prevention strategies in these subjects given the increased risk of gastrointestinal and urinary bleedings. Here we present the case of a 62  years old man affected by pseudoxanthoma elasticum who presented with acute ischaemic stroke and was successfully treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Neurological signs improved after intravenous thrombolysis without bleeding complication. To our knowledge, this is the first case of pseudoxanth oma elasticum—related stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a disease caused by the novel betacoronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become a global pandemic threat. The potential involvement of COVID-19 in central nervous system (CNS) has attracted considerable attention due to neurological manifestations presented throughout the disease process. In addition, SARS-CoV-2 is structurally similar to SARS-CoV, and both bind to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor to enter human cells. Thus, cells expressing ACE2, such as neurons and glial cells may act as targets and are thus vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we have reviewed ...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report a case of acute OAO in a young patient with a severe form of Covid-19 infection that was on therapeutic anticoagulation with apixaban for deep venous thrombosis (DVT).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe interplay between thrombosis and inflammation, termed thrombo-inflammation, causes acute organ damage in diseases such as ischaemic stroke and venous thrombosis. We have recently identified tetraspanin Tspan18 as a novel regulator of thrombo-inflammation. The tetraspanins are a family of 33 membrane proteins in humans that regulate the trafficking, clustering, and membrane diffusion of specific partner proteins. Tspan18 partners with the store-operated Ca2+ entry channel Orai1 on endothelial cells. Orai1 appears to be expressed in all cells and is critical in health and disease. Orai1 mutations cause human immu...
Source: Medical Microbiology and Immunology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with kidney failure and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, treatment with apixaban was not associated with a lower incidence of new stroke, transient ischemic attack, or systemic thromboembolism but was associated with a higher incidence of fatal or intracranial bleeding. PMID: 32444398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
Abstract Peripheral artery disease is a common disorder and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therapy is directed at reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events and at ameliorating symptoms. Medical therapy is effective at reducing the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke to which these patients are prone but is inadequate in relieving limb-related symptoms, such as intermittent claudication, rest pain, and ischemic ulceration. Limb-related morbidity is best addressed with surgical and endovascular interventions that restore perfusion. Current medical therapies have only mod...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute ischemic stroke, the associations of statins with mortality and functional outcomes was dependent on eGFR. PMID: 32418948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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