Causes, consequences and treatment of hypophosphatemia: A systematic review.

CONCLUSION: During at-risk situations, the systematic search for hypophosphatemia and its treatment may limit the occurrence of serious consequences. PMID: 29089216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): En Lin Goh, Swathikan Chidambaram, Ella Segaran, Garnelo Rey, Mansoor Ali Khan
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review examines the current recommendations for dietary management of patients living with short bowel syndrome (SBS) and outlines the need for future research to provide optimal care for this unique group of patients.Recent FindingsProviders caring for patients with SBS lack sufficient data to help guide recommendations regarding diet. The majority of studies are conducted at a single medical institution on a small number of anatomically diverse patients. Multi-center studies would allow for inclusion of a larger number of patients and may lead to more individualized dietary recommendations.S...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe ERAS pathway seems feasible and safe and results in a faster recovery, reduced LOS, improved nutrition status, and fewer severe complications.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Wu J, Zhang J, Chen J, Han Y Abstract To observe the effect of probiotics on the stress responses and intestinal permeability of term neonates with low Apgar scores, the present study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 78 term neonates (42 males and 36 females). In the control group (n=38), total parenteral nutrition and comprehensive treatment (anti-infection therapy) were provided. In the observation group (n=40), the neonates were administered Lactobacillus Complex Capsules in addition to the control group treatment. The corticotropin-releasing factor level was determined using ELISA; cortiso...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results showed that patients receiving PN through CVADs within general ward settings experience CRBSI at rates no different from those reported within critical care settings. These findings demonstrate that with appropriate nursing care, CVADs appear safe when used for the administration of PN in general ward settings. PMID: 31785017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Purpose of review We would like to inform clinicians that the systematic administration of oral and intravenous L-arginine is therapeutically beneficial and clinically useful for patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), when they maintain plasma arginine concentration at least 168 μmol/l. Recent findings MELAS is associated with endothelial dysfunction by decreased plasma L-arginine, nitric oxide (NO), and cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Endothelial dysfunction is also evident using flow-mediated vasodilation measurement by high-resolution Doppler ec...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: PROTEIN, AMINO ACID METABOLISM AND THERAPY: Edited by Rajavel Elango and Alessandro Laviano Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk (MOM) is the preferred nutrition for premature infants, particularly for the very low birth-weight (VLBW) cohort. Benefits are well documented; yet, numerous barriers exist for provision of MOM in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Lactation consultants (LCs) can optimize breastfeeding support for NICU mothers; however, understanding of the impact of NICU-dedicated LCs is limited. PURPOSE: Evaluate the effectiveness of NICU-dedicated LCs in improving breastfeeding outcomes and MOM provision in VLBW infants. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 167 VLBW inf...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The University of Virginia neonatal intensive care unit is a 51-bed unit with approximately 600 to 700 admissions per year. Despite evidenced-based clinical care, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and feeding intolerance remained problematic. PURPOSE: In September 2016, the neonatal intensive care unit implemented an exclusive human milk diet (EHMD) for infants born 1250 g or less with the goal of reducing NEC, feeding intolerance, parenteral nutrition use, and late-onset sepsis. Length of stay, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and retinopathy of prematurity were also evaluated. METHO...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
oettger S Abstract OBJECTIVE: Nursing assessments have been recommended for the daily screening for delirium; however, the utility of individual items have not yet been tested. In a first step in establishing the potential of the electronic Patient Assessment-Acute Care (ePA-AC) as such, the impact of delirium on the functional domains was assessed. METHOD: In this prospective observational cohort study, 277 patients were assessed and 118 patients were delirious. The impact of delirium on functional domains of the ePA-AC related to self-initiated activity, nutrition, and elimination was determined with simple...
Source: Palliative and Supportive Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Palliat Support Care Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study indicates that the use of artificial nutrition near the end of life is in keeping with current clinical guidelines. The identification of factors associated with the use of artificial nutrition, such as cancer localization, presence of comorbidities or specific symptoms, may help to better manage its use.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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