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Obese children may have more asthma complications

(Reuters Health) - Children with asthma who are also obese are admitted to the hospital more often for asthma complications, according to a recent study in Japan.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Women who consumed the most sugar during pregnancy were more likely to have children with asthma.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children and Childhood Pregnancy and Childbirth Asthma Obesity Sugar Source Type: news
It is uncertain whether phenotypes of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) vary between populations with different genetic and environmental characteristics. Here, our objective was to compare the phenotypes of airways disease in two separate populations. This was a cross-sectional observational study in adult populations from New Zealand and China. Participants aged 40–75 years who reported wheeze and breathlessness in the last 12 months were randomly selected from the general population and underwent detailed characterisation. Complete data for cluster analysis were available for 345 pa...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Airways disease Source Type: research
Little is known of the long-term symptom profile in uncontrolled asthma and whether symptoms can predict distinct phenotypes. The primary objective of these analyses was to assess diurnal profile of cough and wheeze in an uncontrolled asthma population. Secondary outcomes were to examine how these symptom profiles influence response to treatment. Twice-daily electronically recorded data from 1701 patients were examined in relation to the population demographics. Reliever treatment with salbutamol was then compared with extra-fine beclometasone/formoterol maintenance and reliever therapy (MART). Exacerbation frequency was t...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Asthma and allergy Original Articles: Asthma Source Type: research
Obesity is a risk factor for the development of asthma. In patients with obesity the diagnosis of asthma is often based on symptoms, but without objective measurements. Nevertheless, obesity-associated asthma ...
Source: Respiratory Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Immunoglobulin therapy plays a critical role in the treatment of immunodeficiency disorders as well as autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. In immunodeficient patients, there has been controversy whether in...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
A restrictive spirometry pattern is characterized by reduced levels of both FEV1 and FVC, while FEV1/FVC remains within normal ranges. Whether physical activity levels differ among those with a restrictive pattern compared to healthy adults has never been reported and is the aim of this studyLung function and physical activity were assessed in the third follow-up of the ECRHS and SAPALDIA cohorts. Restrictive pattern was defined as a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ≥ LLN and FVC
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Background: A full polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea(OSA) and provides comprehensive data on the sleep stages, efficiency, apnea, hypopnea events, and overnight oximetry during supervised overnight sleep study.Aims: Overnight desaturation index (ODI) is a surrogate marker for diagnosis of OSA and can be easily recorded using portable standalone overnight oximetry devices which are considerably inexpensive when compared to the full PSG. There is limited data on comparisons between AHI &ODI. There is a need to find out if ODI is a reliable measure when compared to the AHI...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
We examined 164 patients with asthma of varying severity aged from 18 to 44 years and divided them into 2 groups taking into BMI: BMI from 18 to 25 kg/sq.m (1 group), BMI 30-40kg/sq.m(2 group). Control - 40 volunteers. We studied existence of excess weight and definition of degree of obesity, the parameters of respiratory function, cellular structure of the induced sputum.At the sintropiya asthma and obesities met patients with a middle and severe asthma more often (p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Molecular Pathology and Functional Genomics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients have a significant lack of information and support. The require dedicated consultations with a responsable health professional and the reimbursement of smoking cessation products
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, Smoking Control and Health Education Source Type: research
Conclusion: We identified IL-6-FOXO1 signaling as a potential novel mediator of metabolic programming of lung disease, defining thereby a new target of obesity-associated bronchial asthma.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung and Airway Developmental Biology Source Type: research
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