Our Relations to Refugees: Between Compassion and Dehumanization.

Our Relations to Refugees: Between Compassion and Dehumanization. Am J Psychoanal. 2017 Oct 30;: Authors: Varvin S Abstract After the so-called refugee crisis of 2015-2016 European reactions to foreigners had come to the fore and we are seeing xenophobic political and populist movements become increasingly mainstream. The massive rejection of refugees/asylum seekers taking place has made their conditions before, during and after flight, increasingly difficult and dangerous. This paper relates current xenophobia to historical attitudinal trends in Europe regarding Islam, and claims that a much more basic conflict is at work: the one between anti-modernism/traditionalism and modernism/globalization. Narratives on refugees often relate them to both the foreign (Islam) and to "trauma". In an environment of insecurity and collective anxiety, refugees may represent something alien and frightening but also fascinating. I will argue that current concepts and theories about "trauma" or "the person with trauma" are insufficient to understand the complexity of the refugee predicament. Due to individual and collective countertransference reactions, the word "trauma" tends to lose its theoretical anchoring and becomes an object of projection for un-nameable anxieties. This disturbs relations to refugees at both societal and clinical levels and lays the groundwork for the poor conditions that they are currently experiencing. His...
Source: American Journal of Psychoanalysis - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am J Psychoanal Source Type: research

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Discussion: The observed constellation of dependencies between variables indicates that the choice of treatment scheme differentiates pain levels. This confirms the assumption that pain intensity, coping strategies, and ego resiliency depend on the severity of anxiety and depression. PMID: 30886858 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Gaia Fragiotta, Francesco Pierelli, Gianluca Coppola, Carmela Conte, Armando Perrotta, Mariano SerraoAbstractTo explore the role of strong negative emotions in spinal nociception, we evaluated the effect of fear-relevant videos of small animals on the nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) and reflex-related pain perception in healthy subjects with a specific phobia of small animals. Twenty healthy subjects with a specific phobia of small animals diagnosed according to DSM-V criteria were included in this study. The NWR was evoked in th...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Education for Chemical EngineersAuthor(s): Sergio Paniagua Bermejo, Raúl Herrero Martínez, Ana Isabel García Pérez, Luis Fernando Calvo PrietoAbstractChemical Engineering students are usually exposed to stress and anxiety situations during university period. Authors consider that a reduction in students’ stress levels can improve their academic results. A new experience based on the introduction of gamification strategies by incorporating a new methodology for solving engineering problems called PWD (problems without data) was propose...
Source: Education for Chemical Engineers - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion:Prenatal LPS-induced reduction in neurogenesis was dissociated from anxiety-like behavior in adult female rats. Furthermore, the long-lasting impact of prenatal LPS on neurogenesis in female offspring was age-dependent.
Source: Medical Principles and Practice - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: A critical examination of the results of each study suggests that NA helps to identify, in an innovative way, important aspects of psychopathology like the centrality of the symptoms in a given disorder as well as the mutual dynamics among symptoms. Yet, despite these promising results, the clinical utility of NA is still uncertain as there are important limitations on the analytic procedures (e.g., reliability of indices), the type of data included (e.g., typically restricted to secondary analysis of already published data), and ultimately, the psychometric and clinical validity of the results.Psychother Psychosom
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
A novel program that helps parents decrease"family accommodation" is as effective for reducing anxiety in their offspring as cognitive behavioral therapy for the child, new research suggests.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Developmental exposure to stress hormones, glucocorticoids, is central to the process of prenatal programming of later life health. Glucocorticoid overexposure, through stress or exogenous glucocorticoids, results in reduced birthweight, as well as affective and neuropsychiatric outcomes in adults, combined with altered hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. As such, glucocorticoids are tightly regulated during development through the presence of the metabolising enzyme 11 β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD2). HSD2 is highly expressed in two hubs during development: the placenta and the fetus itse...
Source: Neuroendocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 236Author(s): Cheryl LansAbstractEthnopharmacological relevanceThere are insufficient safe and effective treatments for chronic pain in pets. In cases such as osteoarthritis there is no commercially available cure and veterinarians use NSAIDs to manage pain. Pet owners may have to plan for a lifetime of plant-based treatment for the conditions that lead to chronic pain in pets. Phytopharmacotherapies have the advantage of being less toxic, cheap or free, readily available, are more likely to be safe for long-term use and have the potential to reset t...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Alopecia areata (AA) is a nonscarring alopecia with an autoimmune etiology, unpredictable course, multiple presentations, and variable psychological distress. We conducted a cross-sectional study which included 126 patients with AA. A complete medical history was documented using the Severity Alopecia Tool (SALT) to assess the severity of the disease, and the following questionnaires were applied to the participants: the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) for adults. The Child Dermatology Life Quality Inde...
Source: Skin Appendage Disorders - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aimed at investigating whether somatosensory amplification and trait anxiety, a characteristic correlated with hypervigilance, are associated with a greater incidence of oral behaviors, and verifying how self-reported facial TMD pain affect this relationship.Materials and methodsThe State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Somatosensory Amplification Scale, the Oral Behavior Checklist (OBC), and the TMD-Pain Screener Questionnaire were filled out by 255 University students with self-reported facial TMD pain (PAIN group; 47 subjects, 24.8  ± 4.2 years) and without pain (CTR group; 208 subjects...
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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