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Our Relations to Refugees: Between Compassion and Dehumanization.

Our Relations to Refugees: Between Compassion and Dehumanization. Am J Psychoanal. 2017 Oct 30;: Authors: Varvin S Abstract After the so-called refugee crisis of 2015-2016 European reactions to foreigners had come to the fore and we are seeing xenophobic political and populist movements become increasingly mainstream. The massive rejection of refugees/asylum seekers taking place has made their conditions before, during and after flight, increasingly difficult and dangerous. This paper relates current xenophobia to historical attitudinal trends in Europe regarding Islam, and claims that a much more basic conflict is at work: the one between anti-modernism/traditionalism and modernism/globalization. Narratives on refugees often relate them to both the foreign (Islam) and to "trauma". In an environment of insecurity and collective anxiety, refugees may represent something alien and frightening but also fascinating. I will argue that current concepts and theories about "trauma" or "the person with trauma" are insufficient to understand the complexity of the refugee predicament. Due to individual and collective countertransference reactions, the word "trauma" tends to lose its theoretical anchoring and becomes an object of projection for un-nameable anxieties. This disturbs relations to refugees at both societal and clinical levels and lays the groundwork for the poor conditions that they are currently experiencing. His...
Source: American Journal of Psychoanalysis - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am J Psychoanal Source Type: research

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Authors: Palm U, Chalah MA, Créange A, Lefaucheur JP, Ayache SS Abstract Fatigue and depression are frequent symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS). Both are overlapping and shadowing each other and may impair the quality of life. For detection of depression symptoms in MS, the Multiple Sclerosis Depression Rating Scale (MSDRS) has been proposed recently. Here, we compare the performance of MSDRS in MS patients with and without fatigue to that of established rating scales, i.e. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Beck Depression Inventory. Twenty-nine MS patients were screened for fatigue and depression s...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
ConclusionsInsight and maladaptive coping are potential targets in the treatment of anxiety and depression among YA with ID. Longitudinal intervention studies exploring the efficacy of such targeted programmes in reducing mental health symptoms and improving the transition to adulthood for these young people are recommended.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the electrical activity of masseter muscles, bilaterally, according to the presence or absence of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) in college students with a high degree of anxiety. Methods: the study was conducted with a randomized sample of 31 Speech Therapy students aged between 17 and 32 years; 61.3% (n = 19) were females and 38.7% (n = 12) were males. They were divided into two groups, Group 1 (G1), comprising 11 students with TMD, and Group 2 (G2), composed of 20 students without TMD. The college students answered the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for anxiety investigation, and w...
Source: Revista CEFAC - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The English HeartQoL health-related quality of life questionnaire is valid, reliable, and responsive in patients with angina and myocardial infarction allowing (1) assessment of baseline, (2) between-diagnosis comparisons, and (3) evaluation of change over time.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Cardiac Rehabilitation Source Type: research
This study investigated the effects of an exercise program on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with stage 3 and stage 4 sarcoidosis. Methods: Eighteen patients with stage 3 and 4 sarcoidosis were recruited; 9 received 12 wk of supervised exercise training and 9 received usual care. Patients underwent the following evaluations at baseline and follow-up: 6-min walk test, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure tests, back and leg dynamometer test, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, St George Respiratory Questionnaire, Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire,...
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 2 Author(s): Abeer A Nasir, Razan Salah, Abla Sayyed Ahmad, Samah Abu Hijleh, Sa'eed Abu Kattab, Alia Al Kurd, Rawan Al Sharif, Raed Amro, Ahmad Khatib, Hana' Mousa, Walaa Shamasnah, Khammisa Shqerat, Rita Giacaman Background Hamm is an Arabic word that is used to express suffering. Idioms of distress are communicated differently in different contexts and cultures. Understanding idioms of distress and symptoms can help in diagnosis and lead to socioculturally sensitive health care. Methods In this qualitative study, we did semi-structured intervi...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Andrea Westphal, Julia Kretschmann, Anna Gronostaj, Miriam Vock Students' achievement emotions are critical in their academic development. Therefore, teachers need to create an emotionally positive learning environment. In the light of this, the present study investigated the connection between students' enjoyment, anxiety, boredom and, in the first case, students' academic self-concept and, in the second, teachers' diagnostic skills. The third part of our study examined whether this link would be moderated by students' academ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 1 Author(s): Doaa Hammoudeh, Ernestina Coast, Rita Giacaman, David Lewis, Yoke Rabaia, Tiziana Leone Background Few studies exist of women's experiences and understanding of health in the transition from reproductive to post-reproductive age. Available data is from high-income settings, and most studies tend to focus on women of reproductive age. Little is known about women's perspectives in the Palestinian context. The aim of this study was to add to our understanding of Palestinian women's midlife experiences, looking beyond reproduction and ch...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: ConsultantLive - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Diseases Source Type: news
Authors: Beebe L, Smith KD, Oppizzi LM Abstract Medication adherence and community living problems were assessed by a telephone intervention for stable outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. A majority were white males who lived with family members. We conducted a descriptive analysis of data gathered during weekly calls to 87 participants receiving weekly TIPS for nine months. Analysis included traditional atheoretical content analysis, Pearson correlations, and Chi squares. The following themes emerged: mood disturbances and related symptoms, psychotic symptoms, coping problems, medication adherence, ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
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