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How Genomic Research is Changing Heart Care

Genomic testing is most frequently associated with cancer testing, but this area of research is beginning to make an impact on cardiovascular care. A recent scientific statement by the American Heart Association shined a spotlight on how the expressed genome can potentially be used to diagnose diseases and predict who will develop diseases such as coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, heart failure, and arrhythmias. According to the statement, scientists now have the ability to address disease at many levels that were inaccessible during the past century. This includes the genome, transcriptome, epigenome, proteome, metabolome, cells, tissues, and organs. The authors said each of the omics approaches is still a work in progress, and many of the initial findings have not yet been validated via the systematic replication in independent studies. "Nonetheless, we can expect the next five to 10 years to witness enormous progress in the application of the approaches to the study of specific cardiovascular diseases in patients," the authors wrote. "A critical step to facilitate the eventual widespread use of the expressed genome in the clinic is the funding of large-scale efforts to validate, replicate, and integrate the information streams arising from various omics studies such as the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine Program." As that happens, the authors added, a host of new disease biomarkers should ...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: IVD Cardiovascular Source Type: news

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Authors: Domagoj M, Branka JZ, Jelena M, Davor M, Duska G Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: According to recent guidelines, the best approach for treatment of heart failure patients with preserved ejection function is still not defined. The aim of this study was to investigate how carvedilol therapy influences the survival rate, ejection fraction and NYHA class in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted study on heart failure patients with preserved systolic function from the Croatian heart failure registry who were hospitalized in the period between 2005 and 2010. We enrolled patients with carvedil...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
The Pallimed community is invited to participate in the #hpm Tweet Chat this week which help inform and shape a comparative effectiveness research proposal being designed by the Brain Cancer Quality of Life Collaborative, an initiative led by a team of patients, care partners, advocates, neuro-oncologists, and palliative care professionals.The #hpm Tweet Chat is this Wednesday, April 25th, 6-7p PST/9-10p ET.Topics for the chatare available here, in the #hpm chat ’s blog post,How might we introduce palliative care to people with complex neurological conditions, by Liz Salmi and Bethany Kwan, P...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: #hpm brain cancer btsm tweetchat twitter Source Type: blogs
This study included all patients with non-metastatic primary T1 UBC reported to the Swedish National Register of Urinary Bladder Cancer (SNRUBC) from 1997 to 2014, excluding those treated with primary cystectomy. Differences between groups were evaluated using chi-squared tests and logistic regression, and survival was investigated using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards analysis. RESULTS: In all, 7681 patients with T1 UBC (77% male, 23% female) were included. Females were older than males at the time of diagnosis (median age at presentation 76 and 74 years, respectively; p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
It appears the prescribing of Subsys in non-cancer patients is now considered a crime by the federal government. Las Vegas pain physician arrested for illegal fentanyl distribution: 5 things to know Written by Brian Zimmerman | February 19, 2018 www.beckershospitalreview.com Police arrested a Las Vegas pain management physician Feb. 13 for charges related to the unlawful distribution of fentanyl and healthcare fraud. Here... Subsys Rx for Non-cancer Patients Is Considered a Criminal Act
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums
Authors: Gao Y, Xu Y, Wang J, Yang X, Wen L, Feng J Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been acknowledged as important regulators in various human cancers. LncRNA MNX1-AS1has been shown to be an oncogene in epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the function of MNX1-AS1 in glioblastoma (GBM) remains largely unknown. Here, we found that the expression of MNX1-AS1 was significantly upregulated in GBM tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of MNX1-AS1 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of GBM cells. In terms of mechanism, we found that MNX1-AS1 could bind to miR-4443 in GBM cells. Overex...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
This study also identified cordycepin derivatives with promising pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties for further investigation in the development of new treatments for endometrial cancer. PMID: 29673423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Authors: Wang L, Li Q, Ye Z, Qiao B Abstract Renal carcinoma greatly threatens human health, but the involved molecular mechanisms are far from complete understanding. As a master oncogene driving the initiation of many other cancers, Pokemon has not been established to be associated with renal cancer. Our data revealed that Pokemon is highly expressed in renal carcinoma specimen and cell lines, compared with normal cells. The silencing of Pokemon suppressed the proliferation and invasion of renal cancer cells. Pokemon overexpression rendered normal cells with higher proliferation rates and invasiveness. Animal stu...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Conclusion Low dose of acacetin from 10^-3 μM to 1 μM promoted the proliferation of MCF-7 cells through the ERK/PI3K/AKT pathway and its downstream cyclin signaling, and this pathway is mainly mediated by the expression of ERα. PMID: 29676234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov Source Type: research
In this study, we, demonstrated, for the first time in the literature, that encapsulation of murine pancreatic islet cells with Al-CA hydrogel does not induce cytotoxicity ex vivo for an extended period; however, it does markedly abate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Catechol should not be considered as a constituent for alginate gelation for encapsulating islet cells in the application of islet transplantation. PMID: 29676546 [PubMed]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Cheng YY, Jin HC, Chan MWY, Chu WK, Grusch M PMID: 29675115 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
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