Multi-site study will examine CBT for traumatic brain injury-induced seizures

(Brown University) With a $3.6 million award from the US Department of Defense researchers in Rhode Island and Alabama will study whether a form of cognitive behavior therapy could be effective in reducing seizure frequency or severity in those with TBI.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Objectives: Fatigue is a common and disabling late effect in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). In this pilot study, the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in CCS with persistent and severe fatigue was retrospectively evaluated. Materials and Methods: In total, 33 consecutively referred CCS with persistent severe fatigue were offered CBT. The primary outcome was fatigue severity (Checklist Individual Strength, Fatigue Severity Subscale). Secondary outcomes were functional impairment, psychologic distress, and quality of life (QoL). Results: In total, 25 CCS completed CBT (76%). The mean age of CCS was...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Medical Progress Source Type: research
DiscussionAs detailed above, the “elements” in both a classical and a contemporary sense have effects on our mental health and are potentially modifiable aspects that can be harnessed as therapeutic interventions. The most robust interventional evidence currently available shows tentative support for several use of the elements via horticultural and nature-exposure therapy, green exercise/physical activity, sauna and heat therapy, balneotherapy, and breathing exercises. It should be noted that, in many cases, these interventions were not studied in definitive diagnosed psychiatric disorders and thus it is prema...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Most studies were of poor quality and results should be interpreted with caution. Overall moderate effects were found which decreased substantially when interventions were compared to active control. It is unclear whether meditation, yoga or mindfulness affect academic achievement or affect have any negative side effects. Introduction Rationale Every 12 months, between 7 and 16% of students in tertiary education experience a mood or anxiety disorder and a further 30% of students report experiencing moderate to severe levels of stress (1–4). It is important to tackle poor mental health early as ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conditions:   Suicide;   Suicidal Ideation;   Suicidal Intention;   Suicidal and Self-injurious Behavior Intervention:   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Suicidal Behavior and Intergenerational Knowledge Sharing group Sponsor:   University of New Mexico Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractExcessive acquiring is a common symptom of hoarding disorder (HD). Little is known about subjective distress associated with acquiring in HD. The present study examined acquiring-related distress and reactions to cognitive restructuring (CR) in 92 individuals with HD and 66 community control (CC) participants. All participants identified an item of interest at a high-risk acquiring location and then decided whether or not to acquire the item. HD participants completed the acquiring task while receiving a CR-based intervention or a thought-listing (TL) control condition. Results showed that HD participants reported ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: and purpose: The stress and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are intertwined and affecting each other. This pilot study evaluated the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Korean patients with SLE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) were evaluated for the effect of the MBCT in 25 patients. RESULTS: The BDI-II, BAI, SWLS, and PSS before the MBCT were 24.2 ± 10.6, 19.1 ± 9.7, 14.7 ± 6.5, and 2...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Clin Pract Source Type: research
This study examines such an approach on quality of lie (QoL), pain, mood and sleep.MethodsAdults with SCI pain (>3 months) were recruited and randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention comprised a six module CBT ‐PMP delivered once weekly. A blinded assessor determined changes in self‐reported outcome measures post intervention and at three months. Linear Mixed Models and effect sizes based on changes between groups were reported. Significance was set P
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
We examined the effect sizes of nonpharmacological intervention studies in reducing disability and explored the active ingredients of interventions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A scoping review was conducted via PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases. Thirty-one randomized controlled trials were included. Eight active ingredients were identified by three experts (exercise, problem-solving, cognitive behavioral therapy, environmental modification, education, goal setting, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and cognitive training). RESULTS: The range of Cohen's d was -0.85 to 1.76 across 31 studies (included 33 i...
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
This study suggests that group, telephone, and guided self-help treatments … may be considered as alternatives to individual CBT,” wrote Pim Cuijpers, Ph.D., of Vrije University in the Netherlands and colleagues. “Applying effective and acceptable CBT in a range of different formats will ma ke CBT easier to implement, disseminate, and deliver across different settings and diverse patient populations.”Cuijpers and colleagues used a technique known as a network meta-analysis to compare 155 clinical trials involving CBT for the treatment of depression. These trials included CBT delivered in individual...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: CBT cognitive-behavior therapy guided CBT JAMA Psychiatry Pim Cuijpers unguided CBT Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings are consistent with the view that cognitive change contributes to symptom reductions in CT, and that therapists’ use of cognitive methods contributes to cognitive changes during sessions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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