Month You Give Birth Could Affect Postpartum Depression Risk
BOSTON (CBS) – It’s estimated that 1 in 9 women in the United States develops postpartum depression, and the time of year a new mom gives birth may make a difference. Looking at the medical records of more than 20,000 women, researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital found that moms who gave birth in the spring or winter had a lower risk of postpartum depression compared to moms who gave birth in the fall or summer They also found that women who were obese, non-white, and did not get an epidural or other anesthesia during delivery appeared to be more likely to develop postpartum depression.
This article relates the importance of the transition to parenthood to population health and discusses parental leave policy as an example of an initiative that can support parents and relieve stress during the perinatal period. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Conclusion: In addition to considering other risk factors for postpartum depression, health care providers should consider the higher probability of PPD in prepregnancy normal and overweight women who have excessive weight gain especially in the third trimester of pregnancy. PMID: 30420921 [PubMed - in process]
Obesity is a highly prevalent comorbidity of affective disorders that has been shown to predict unfavorable outcomes in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients (de Wit et al., 2010; Kloiber et al., 2007; Luppino et al., 2010; Opel et al., 2015b; World Health Organization, 2014). In turn, findings indicating that both maternal depression and family history of obesity might increase the risk of non-response to weight-regulating interventions further corroborate the notion of a reciprocal link between obesity and depression and point to the relevance of shared genetic factors in the etiology of both conditions (Epstein et al...
CONCLUSIONS: Alignment of CHW roles to unmet health needs and perceived health priorities will be important for optimal impact of CHW programmes in urban communities. Our data suggest that the CHW role should expand from a traditional focus on HIV, TB and maternal health to include non-communicable diseases, healthy lifestyle, and the intersection of violence and health. PMID: 30182898 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionPrenatal material hardships were associated with lower orienting/regulatory capacity. These findings support the need for further research exploring how temperament relates to child behavior, and for policies to reduce prenatal material hardships.
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Academic Pediatrics, Volume 18, Issue 7Author(s): Brandon S. Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B. Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela KC, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V. MarcellAbstractPaternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, including improved cognition, improved mental health, reduced obesity rates, and asthma exacerbation. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother–child dyad, rather tha...
This study examined postpartum depression, food insecurity, and underestimation of infant size as potential early life factors for overweight risk at 12 months among infants of Hispanic immigrant mothers.
Omega-3 fatty acids are found primarily in fish oil and certain marine algae. Because depression appears less common in nations where people eat large amounts of fish, scientists have investigated whether fish oils may prevent and/or treat depression and other mood disorders. Two omega-3 fatty acids — eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — are thought to have the most potential to benefit people with mood disorders. How might omega-3s improve depression? Different mechanisms of action have been proposed. For example, omega-3s can easily travel through the brain cell membrane and interact w...
ConclusionChildren ’s prevalence of overweight/obesity and eating attitudes improves soon after their mothers’ RYGB, but then return to pre-surgery levels at 4 years post-surgery, as do mothers’ sleep quality and symptoms of depression and anxiety, even though their weight loss was maintained.
Discussion These findings illustrate the role of maternal depressive symptoms in explaining how SES predicts adolescent weight outcomes. Implications are discussed, and future research is needed to identify women from lower SES households who are experiencing depressive symptoms to provide support and initiate points of early intervention to address relevant health outcomes in youths.