Metabolic changes in patients with prostate cancer during androgen deprivation therapy

Abstract Androgen deprivation therapy continues to be widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer despite the appearance of new‐generation androgen‐receptor targeting drugs after 2000. Androgen deprivation therapy can alleviate symptoms in patients with metastatic prostate cancer and might have a survival benefit in some patients, but it causes undesirable changes in lipid, glucose, muscle or bone metabolism. These metabolic changes could lead to new onset or worsening of diseases, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia or fracture. Several studies examining the influence of androgen deprivation therapy in Japanese patients with prostate cancer also showed that metabolic changes, such as weight gain, dyslipidemia or fat accumulation, can occur as in patients in Western countries. Efforts to decrease these unfavorable changes and events are important. First, overuse of androgen deprivation therapy for localized or elderly prostate cancer patients should be reconsidered. Second, intermittent androgen deprivation therapy might be beneficial for selected patients who suffer from impaired quality of life as a result of continuous androgen deprivation therapy. Third, education and instruction, such as diet or exercise, to decrease metabolic changes before initiating androgen deprivation therapy is important, because metabolic changes are likely to occur in the early androgen deprivation therapy period. Fourth, routine mon...
Source: International Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Klement RJ PMID: 32212835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Abstract With the onset of a metabolic syndrome epidemic and the increasing life expectancy, erectile dysfunction (ED) has become a more common condition. As incidence and prevalence increase, the medical field is focused on providing more appropriate therapies. It is common knowledge that ED is a chronic condition that is also associated with a myriad of other disorders. Conditions such as aging, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, prostatic hypertrophy, and prostate cancer, among others, have a direct implication on the onset and progression of ED. Characterization and recognition of risk factors may help ...
Source: Asian Journal of Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Asian J Androl Source Type: research
Several studies highlight that testosterone deficiency is associated and predicts increased risk of developing metabolic disorders, and, that it is highly prevalent in obesity, metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Models of gonadotropin releasing hormone deficiency and androgen deprivation in patients with prostate cancer suggest that hypogonadotropic hypogonadism might contribute to onset or further worsen metabolic conditions by means of increased fat mass and insulin resistance. Nevertheless, in functional hypogonadism, such as late onset hypogonadism, the relationship between hypogonadotropic hypogonadism a...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Dan Hu1†, Meijin Zhang2†, Hejun Zhang1, Yan Xia1, Jinxiu Lin2, Xiongwei Zheng1, Feng Peng2* and Wenquan Niu3* 1Department of Pathology, Fujian Cancer Hospital &Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China 2Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China 3Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China Background and Objectives: Growing evidence indicates that metabolic syndrome confers a differential risk for the development and progression of many types of cancer, especially in the digestive tr...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In the present cross-sectional study, based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2007–2010) cohorts, various risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) were analyzed (n=12,153). The variables analyzed include, demographics, comorbidities associated with MetS or CVD, behavioral and dietary factors, while the primary endpoints were the prevalence of MetS and CVD. The prevalence of MetS and CVD was slightly higher in males as compared with females (42.50% and 7.65% vs 41.29% and 4.13%, respectively). After controlling for confounding factors, advanced age, famil...
Source: Journal of Investigative Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Preventive Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is common, affecting at least 12 million U.S. men. The five-question International Index of Erectile Function allows rapid clinical assessment of ED. The condition can be caused by vascular, neurologic, psychological, and hormonal factors. Common conditions related to ED include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, testosterone deficiency, and prostate cancer treatment. Performance anxiety and relationship issues are common psychological causes. Medications ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This review summarizes the literature regarding the antineoplastic mechanisms, clinical implications, and future trajectory of clinical research for metformin in prostate cancer. PMID: 27836248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
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