Trends In Opioid Prescribing In Primary Care Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Population Based Observational Study
Opioid prescribing has markedly increased in UK and worldwide, predominantly for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). CNCP includes conditions such as fibromyalgia, low back pain and osteoarthritis (OA). Evidence suggests that widespread use of opioids in CNCP is associated with risks of diversion and abuse, overdose and death. However, opioid prescribing data in specific medical conditions are limited and no study has examined the trends of prescribing in patients with OA in UK. OA affects around 7 million people in the UK with knee joint being most commonly affected.
Authors: Krajewski W, Halska U, Poletajew S, Piszczek R, Bieżyński B, Matyjasek M, Tukiendorf A, Menzel F, Mazur M, Rymaszewska J, Zdrojowy R Abstract The standard of care in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer consists of transurethral tumor resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURB) on the patients' self-reported depression, anxiety, sexual satisfaction, and erectile dysfunction. Psychological condition of 252 male patients who underwent TURB was prospectively evaluated. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), simplified Internation...
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, hASCs exhibited some particular characteristics of aged stem cells when the number of subculture cells increased. However, up to passage 10, ASCs also retained almost all of the characteristics of MSCs. PMID: 30242785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: We found that several conserved tumor stromal genes might regulate breast cancer invasion through ECM remodeling. The clinical outcome analyses of COL1A1 and FN1 suggest these two genes are promising targets for future studies. PMID: 30237810 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: PMID: 30239967 [PubMed - in process]
We report 45 common human miRNAs deregulated in both pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer. We show that sRNA_1096 and sRNA_1414 from M. tuberculosis have sequence homology with human mir-21. Hence, the potential role of these three small non-coding RNAs in rifampicin resistance in pulmonary tuberculosis is implied. Further, the linking of sRNA_1096 and sRNA_1414 from M. tuberculosis with the host lung tumorigenesis is inferred. Nonetheless, further analysis and validation is required to associate these three non-coding RNAs with Mycobacterium associated increased risk of lung cancer. PMID: 30237679 [PubMed]
A recent study concludes that a special type of video game could be used to successfully reduce chronic low back pain at a patient's home.
Conclusion: High adherence was associated with a healthier lifestyle, both concerning diet and other factors. Energy adjustment of potential confounding foods removed associations between high adherence and less healthy foods. The Nordic foods accounted for a larger fraction of the diet among high adherers, at the expense of other healthy foods. Careful adjustment for confounders is warranted when assessing associations between the index and health outcomes. PMID: 30237757 [PubMed]
Authors: Addula M, Wilson VED, Reddymasu S, Agrawal DK Abstract INTRODUCTION: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is widespread with 20% prevalence worldwide and a significant economic burden due to health care cost and constraints on daily activities of patients. Despite extensive investigation, the underlying causes of dyspepsia in a majority of patients remain unknown. Common complaints include abdominal discomfort, pain, burning, nausea, early satiety, and bloating. Motor dysfunction of the gut was long considered a major cause, but recent investigations suggest immune-based pathophysiological and molecular events in the...
CONCLUSION: Of all cancers expected in 2018 in Germany, at least 5% are attributable to potentially avoidable infections and environmental factors. Further research should be directed towards more comprehensive identification and quantification of environmental risks as a basis for targeted cancer prevention. PMID: 30236218 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of cancer cases are attributable to excess weight, physical inactivity, and unhealthy dietary habits. Major prevention efforts are needed to reduce the cancer incidence attributable to these avoidable factors. PMID: 30236216 [PubMed - in process]