Scoliosis Screenings Can Help Catch Spine Problem Early
TUESDAY, Oct. 17, 2017 -- Routine screenings for scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, help ensure the condition doesn't take a toll on children's health and self-esteem, according to an orthopedic specialist. One out of every 25 children develops...
ConclusionsPatients with LTC and RTC can both be successfully corrected through selective thoracic fusion with a promising long-term surgical outcome. CMI patients with RTC tend to have a better spontaneous correction of the lumbar curve after surgery.Graphical abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Bracing is used as a valid non-surgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) to avoid progression of the deformity and thereby surgery. The effect of bracing treatment on quality of life of pati...
Conditions: Orthopedic Disorder of Spine; Artificial Intelligence; Scoliosis Intervention: Device: An artificial system for the screening of scoliosis Sponsor: Sun Yat-sen University Completed
Conclusions: There is evidence that a subset of patients with early onset scoliosis and TIS who received early thoracic reconstruction with VEPTR treatment show complete resolution of pulmonary support at final follow-up. In total, 89% of 79 patients did not experience respiratory deterioration. A total of 24% (n=19) had a positive change with over 84% (n=16) of this group no longer requiring support. Level of Evidence: Level III—prognostic.
Conclusions: Patients with AIS demonstrated significant changes at the scapulothoracic joint following PSF. Compared with typically developing adolescents, scapular resting position normalized, but the AIS group still demonstrated altered scapular kinematics, including patterns associated with shoulder pathology. The results of this study will inform the course of short-term postoperative rehabilitation by addressing the upper extremity implications of PSF for individuals with AIS. Level of Evidence: Level III.
In-brace correction (IBC) plays an important role in curve progression of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) under brace treatment. We evaluated the coronal deformity angular ratio (C-DAR) as a potential predictor of IBC. Based on our experience, we postulated that a high C-DAR may result in low IBC. This relationship had not been previously studied.
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Federico Solla, Virginie Rampal
ConclusionsThe accuracy of the developed 3D ultrasound system meets the 1 mm and 5° requirements of spinal surgery from this study. Further repeatability studies and evaluation on vertebrae are needed to validate the system for surgical use.
We examined the correlation between bone density and appendicular muscle mass in both groups. We also examined factors related to scoliosis using logistic regression analysis.ResultsThe DLS group showed significantly higher lumbar BMD, lower femur BMD, lower lean mass arm, and lower lean mass leg, and lower lean mass trunk (p
Conclusion. The prevalence of AIS in cities within the state of São Paulo was similar to that reported in the literature, was higher among females, and was higher during puberty (13–14 years of age). Because puberty occurs later for males than for females, the recommendation to screen both sexes at 10 to 14 years of age should be reconsidered. Level of Evidence: 3