What Are the Health Needs of Incarcerated Youth?
Discussion In the US during 2011, ~60,000 youth were incarcerated at some time in a correctional facility. Boys are detained more than girls (86% vs 14% respectively in the US, 95% male in the United Kingdom in 2014) but girls have more health issues. There are racial and ethnic differences with 38-40% of detainees being black, 23% being Hispanic/Latino and 32% being white, and 5% other. For detained youth, 5% are for violent crimes, 22% for non-violent property crimes and the majority of the rest are for non-violent offices such as substance use. The average length of detainment is 3-4 months and unfortunately the rates of recidivism are higher for youth than for adults; for youth, 75% are rearrested within 3 years. Detained youth have a higher risk of mortality at 4x the general population; girls have an 8x higher rate. A comprehensive view of their health care needs to be provided to the youth, upon their arrival, during detention, transitioning out of and after detention. For formerly detained youth, primary care physicians can help with continuing primary care including immunizations and screenings for sexual and mental health issues, determining if consultative care is needed and referring as necessary for pediatric specialty care, mental health or substance abuse treatment, working with local school districts to assist with educational/academic needs, working with social services to help with overall family needs, and providing information to the probation officers an...
Authors: Ordak M, Nasierowski T, Pawlik K, Muszynska E, Bujalska-Zadrozny M Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of the methadone programme in a group of patients taking mephedrone with heroin.Methods: The research involved 230 people who took part in the methadone programme between 2010 and 2019: 101 people on a mephedrone binge and taking heroin and 129 people addicted to heroin.Results: Number of re-hospitalisations was higher in a group of patients on a mephedrone binge taking heroin in comparison to heroin dependent patients (91.9 vs 79.8%, p
CONCLUSION: there were an expressive quantitative number of absences due to depression, in which it was observed, especially, that the absence time remained long. PMID: 32491123 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Yasunori Haranishi, Koji Hara, Tadanori Terada
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: PolymerAuthor(s): Ahmed Gamal El-Shamy
CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of symptoms was high and changed throughout the hospitalization period. Patients with poorer functional capacity and poorer performance had greater symptom overload. PMID: 32490991 [PubMed - in process]
a FCF Abstract OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the quality of primary care in leprosy control actions, to correlate effects on monitoring indicators. METHODS: a cross-sectional study, conducted in Belo Horizonte, from July to September 2014. Interviews with 408 professionals were conducted through the application of a tool that assesses attributes of primary care in leprosy control actions, and monitoring indicators were calculated. Spearman correlation was used, significance level p
CONCLUSION: depressive symptoms are associated with burden of comorbidities, greater number of disease complications, hemodialytic intercurrences and functional dependence. Physical exercise practice can be an effective care strategy. PMID: 32490957 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: the findings have implications for the implementation of health promotion strategies among nursing students, in view of lifestyle changes. PMID: 32490956 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Quality of life and social support were identified as protective factors for depressive symptoms while being at risk of malnutrition, living alone, reporting pain and being female are predictors. PMID: 32490955 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract OBJECTIVE: to analyze the social conditions and life projects of non-pregnant adolescents, pregnant adolescents and pregnant women who are victims of domestic violence. METHODS: This is a exploratory, descriptive and comparative study of a quantitative and qualitative character. Ninety adolescents between 12 and 18 years old participated in the study, consisting of three groups: Group A (30 non-pregnant adolescents with no history of violence); Group B (30 pregnant adolescents with no history of violence); and Group C (30 pregnant adolescents with a history of violence). The tools used were a questio...
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