Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry. 13th Official Report of the Spanish Society of Cardiology Electrophysiology and Arrhythmias Section (2016)

Conclusions The 2016 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry includes information on 85% of the devices implanted in Spain. The total number of device implantations increased in comparison with the last few years. The percentage of implantations for primary prevention also increased in comparison with the previous year.
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is an arrhythmogenic disorder of the myocardium not secondary to ischemic, hypertensive, or valvular heart disease. ACM incorporates a broad spectrum of genetic, systemic, infectious, and inflammatory disorders. This designation includes, but is not limited to, arrhythmogenic right/left ventricular cardiomyopathy, cardiac amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, Chagas disease, and left ventricular noncompaction. The ACM phenotype overlaps with other cardiomyopathies, particularly dilated cardiomyopathy with arrhythmia presentation that may be associated with ventricular dilatation and/or impaired systolic function.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionCatheter ablation of VF through „De‚ÄźNetworking” of the Purkinje system in patients without overt arrhythmia substrate or trigger appears safe and effective and will require further study in a larger patient cohort.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY Source Type: research
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) and VF occur mainly in people with impaired cardiac function and/or ischaemic heart disease, and account for the majority of sudden cardiac deaths worldwide.1 Treatment with anti-arrhythmic drugs such as amiodarone may be at best neutral in terms of mortality and carries significant long-term risks.2,3 While ICDs significantly improve survival for patients with significantly impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the devices also carry risk
Source: Radcliffe Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been well described in young patients with inherited heart diseases such as the inherited cardiomyopathies: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC); or inherited arrhythmia syndromes including long QT syndrome (LQTS), Brugada syndrome (BrS) or catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT).
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: 455 Source Type: research
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is an arrhythmogenic disorder of the myocardium not secondary to ischemic, hypertensive or valvular heart disease. ACM incorporates a broad spectrum of genetic, systemic, infectious, and inflammatory disorders. This designation includes, but is not limited to, arrhythmogenic right/left ventricular cardiomyopathy, cardiac amyloid and sarcoidosis, Chagas ’ disease and left ventricular noncompaction. The ACM phenotype overlaps with other cardiomyopathies, particularly dilated cardiomyopathy with arrhythmia presentation which may be associated with ventricular dilatation and/or impaired systolic function.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: We suggest some distinct molecular mechanisms for production of IL-1β in innate immune cells from patients with different clinical forms of Chagas disease. MMP-2 and MMP-9 gelatinases are associated with distinct disease outcomes and IL-1β production. Introduction Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a neglected parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (1), that affects millions of people in the world (2). During the acute phase, a diffuse and intense inflammation in the cardiomyocytes is observed, which is composed mainly of neutrophils, monocytes, and ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Discussion Barth syndrome is characterized by a dilated cardiomyopathy, proximal skeletal muscle weakness, neutropenia and short stature that usually presents at birth or soon after. It is a rare X-linked recessive disease process caused by mutations in the TAZ gene. The TAZ gene codes for tafazzin which alters cardiolipin in mitochondria. Characteristic facies can be seen especially in infancy including a tall and broad forehead, prominent chin and full cheeks, larger ears, and deep-set eyes. Most patients present at birth or soon afterwards but some may not until later in life. Life expectancy is reduced with many childr...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), which occurs in 1/50000 live births, is the most prevalent inherited neuromuscular disorder. Nearly all FRDA patients develop cardiomyopathy at some point in their lives. The clinical manifestations of FRDA include ataxia of the limbs and trunk, dysarthria, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac diseases. However, the broad clinical spectrum makes FRDA difficult to identify. The diagnosis of FRDA is based on the presence of suspicious clinical factors, the use of the Harding criteria and, more recently, the use of genetic testing for identifying the expansion of a triplet nucleotide se...
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that NGAL associated with NT-proBNP was a stronger predictor of the primary endpoint than NGAL or NT-proBNP alone. The level of NGAL was rising in hypertension, ischemia, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, diabetes or arrhythmias.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1865 –1877
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients who are at risk for SCA are patients who have had a cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (VF) or sustained ventricular tachycardia (SVT), those with familial or inherited condition with sudden cardiac arrest risk, myocardial infarction with an ejection fraction (EF) of less than or equal to 35%, dilated cardiomyopathy (including NICM), with an EF of less than or equal to 35%, ICD explanations, and other conditions with high risk of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or VF are candidates for the WCD.The sample of data was from 186 patients. However, more patients were likely candidates but may not hav...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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