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Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis

A Finnish study confirms a'relative age effect'in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), raising concern that ADHD may be overdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

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Adults said to develop symptoms of A.D.H.D. may instead have substance abuse or mood problems, researchers concluded.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Children and Childhood Psychiatry and Psychiatrists Mental Health and Disorders Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Smoking is probably best explained by a combination of imitation, peer pressure and typical traits of ADHD. In contrast, the positive relation between ADHD and nicotine dependence is currently best explained by the self-medication hypothesis. This hypothesis has a clear pharmacological rationale and is supported by ample evidence, but awaits confirmation from longitudinal naturalistic studies. PMID: 29039714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
This report and earlier observations emphasize the need for detection and treatment of ADHD in atopic patients. 
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of review The pharmacological treatment of patients with epilepsy and psychiatric comorbidities may sometimes represent a therapeutic challenge. This review is focused on the pharmacological management of patients with epilepsy and psychiatric problems in terms of rationalization of the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment and the pharmacological management of the most clinically relevant psychiatric comorbidities, namely mood and anxiety disorders, psychoses, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Recent findings Up to 8% of patients with drug-resistant epilepsy develop treatment-emergent psychi...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractAttention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as a disorder of impaired attention and/or behavioral control. Studies suggest that the condition can dispose individuals to a higher risk of automobile accidents. ADHD symptoms respond to pharmacotherapy in a majority of uncomplicated cases. Evidence on how pharmacotherapies for ADHD impact driving behavior or outcomes could allow clinicians to support on-road safety rationally. We therefore undertook a review to identify the evidence base to date indicating positive or negative effects of pharmacotherapies on driving behavior in individuals with ADHD. Fur...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Consistent use of established diagnostic criteria, along with use of behaviors identified through this review, lay a foundation for more effective interventions. PMID: 29035187 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
Abstract The current study examined the role negative self-statements have on the comorbidity between anxious symptomatology and ADHD-combined presentation (ADHD-C) and ADHD-predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I). A total of 114 children and adolescents with ADHD (M age = 10.15; SD = 2.30; range = 7-16) from a clinic-referred sample were grouped based on a semistructured diagnostic interview and consensus approach (ADHD-C, n = 62; ADHD-I, n = 52). Negative self-statements were measured using the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale and the total score from the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children was used to mea...
Source: Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology , Vol. 0, No. 0.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions The hazard perception skills of participants improved following training with large effect size and some maintenance of gain. A multimodal approach to training is indicated to facilitate maintenance. A full-scale trial is feasible.
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research
Adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are prone to suboptimal decision making and risk taking. The aim of this study was to test performance on a theoretically-based probabilistic decision making task in well-characterized adults with...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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