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Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis

A Finnish study confirms a'relative age effect'in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), raising concern that ADHD may be overdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

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Conclusions Brain asymmetry measures allow each individual to serve as their own control, diminishing variability between individuals and when pooling data across sites. Asymmetry group differences were more significant than lateralized comparisons between ADHD and TD subjects across morphometric, volumetric, and DTI comparisons.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study assessed the predictive and discriminative value of adolescent- and parent-rated SDQ scores for psychiatric disorders, diagnosed by professionals in outpatient community clinics, in a sample of 2753 Dutch adolescents aged 12 –17. Per disorder, the predictive accuracy of the SDQ scale that is contentwise related to that particular disorder and the SDQ impact scale was assessed. That is, 24 logistic regression analyses were performed, for each combination of DSM-IV diagnosis [4: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct/Oppositional Defiant Disorder (CD/ODD), Anxiety/Mood disorder, Autism Spec...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Previous studies have associated Attention‐Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with a maturational lag of brain functional networks. Functional connectivity of the human brain changes from primarily local to more distant connectivity patterns during typical development. Under the maturational lag hypothesis, we expect children with ADHD to exhibit increased local connectivity and decreased distant connectivity compared with neurotypically developing (ND) children. We applied a graph‐theory method to compute local and distant connectivity levels and cross‐sectionally compared them in a sample of 120 childre...
Source: Human Brain Mapping - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Source: Psychoneuroendocrinology - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 2018 Source:Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 148 Author(s): Verneri Anttila, Maija Wessman, Mikko Kallela, Aarno Palotie Genetics of migraine has recently undergone a major shift, moving in the space of a few years from having only a few known genes for rare Mendelian forms to 47 known common variant loci affecting the susceptibility of the common forms of migraine. This has largely been achieved by rapidly increasing sample sizes for genomewide association studies (GWAS), soon to be followed by the first wave of large-scale exome-sequencing studies. The large number of detected loci, chief among t...
Source: Handbook of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions Common and potentially preventable pregnancy risk factors were independently related to both offspring ODD and CD symptomatology in children from the general population. Future studies should further address genetic confounds and confounding by environmental factors later in life.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions for Practice Addressing ADHD is complex and requires the assessment of comorbidities that might exacerbate negative behavior. Our findings support the latest American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines to use behavioral therapy as the first line of treatment in young children. Nursing case-management interventions that provide direct family education and improve family function, especially with respect to providing structure and behavior control, may complement and facilitate behavioral therapy for treatment of ADHD and improving child behavior.
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
A child ’s history of risk factors for self-harm does not appear to influence caretaker decisions about whether to keep firearms in the home, or whether those firearms are kept unloaded and in locked storage.That ’s the finding from ananalysis of data from an online survey published inPediatrics.“Given the prevalence of household firearms in the United States, our findings suggest that millions of U.S. children are placed at substantially higher risk of fatal firearm injury, especially suicide, than would be the case were parents to follow guidelines first put forward by the AAP [American Academy of Pedia...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: children in the home David Grossman Deborah Azrael firearms John Scott Matthew Miller pediatrics self-harm storage Source Type: research
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
Increasing evidence links the microbiome's composition with several psychiatric and neurological diseases, including autism, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis – Mark Greener investigates.
Source: Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: News review Source Type: research
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