Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis Child's Age a Key Factor for Accurate ADHD Diagnosis

A Finnish study confirms a'relative age effect'in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), raising concern that ADHD may be overdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

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An adapted parent-child psychotherapy proven to help children with disruptive disorders may also reduce symptoms of depression in very young children, according to astudy published today inAJP in Advance.“The study provides very promising evidence that an early and brief psychotherapeutic intervention that focuses on the parent-child relationship and on enhancing emotion development may be a powerful and low-risk approach to the treatment of depression,” lead author Joan L. Luby, M.D., of Washin gton University School of Medicine in St. Louis said in apress release.In standard parent-child interaction therapy (...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance children comorbid disorders depression disruptive disorders emotion regulation Joan Luby parent-child interaction therapy parental depression psychotherapy Source Type: research
Authors: Suhaiban H, Javanbakht A PMID: 29917333 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk for experiencing unipolar depressive symptoms and disorders. The current study describes the development of a behaviorally oriented depression preventive intervention tai...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings regarding the type and prevalence of medical, cognitive, and psychiatric characteristics in WS correspond to results in previous publications. We also showed a potential link between phonophobia and ADHD that merits further research. PMID: 29911759 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
AbstractLisdexamfetamine dimesylate (lisdexamfetamine; Elvanse®; Tyvense®), an orally-active dexamfetamine prodrug, is indicated in the EU for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged  ≥ 6 years (including adolescents) when the response to previous methylphenidate (MPH) treatment is clinically inadequate. The original approval of the drug was based on the results of phase III trials in children and adolescents with ADHD who had an inadequate response to previous pharmacoth erapy (e.g. MPH) or were treatment naïve. In these studies, short-term treat...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018 Source:Brain, Behavior, and Immunity Author(s): Hanna C. Gustafsson, Elinor L. Sullivan, Elizabeth K. Nousen, Ceri A. Sullivan, Elaine Huang, Monica Rincon, Joel T. Nigg, Jennifer M. Loftis Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy are associated with risk for offspring emotional and behavioral problems, but the mechanisms by which this association occurs are not known. Infant elevated negative affect (increased crying, irritability, fearfulness, etc.) is a key risk factor for future psychopathology, so understanding its determinants has prevention and early intervention...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conduct disorder (CD) is associated with impairments in facial emotion recognition. However, CD commonly co-occurs with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); thus, it is unclear whether these impairments are explained by ADHD or by one of its core features - inattention. We explored whether emotion recognition impairments are specific to those with ADHD and comorbid CD while also examining the mechanisms that might explain such deficits.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: New Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The ADHD-specific self-rating scales are additionally useful for the diagnostic differentiation between ADHD-specific and other psychiatric symptoms in the clinical practice and can improve the safety of the diagnosis. PMID: 29916032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundGene mutations within the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade result in Noonan syndrome (NS), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and related disorders. Recent research has documented an increased risk for social difficulties and features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children with these conditions. Despite this emerging evidence, the neuropsychological characteristics associated with social skills deficits are not well understood, particularly for children with NS.MethodsParents of children with NS (n = 39), NF1 (n = 39), and unaffected siblings (n = 32) between the...
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Prematurity is a significant risk factor for impaired neurodevelopmental outcomes. These include motor, cognitive, language, behavioral, and socioemotional competence. Long-term overall function depends on healthy socioemotional functioning. The vulnerability of the preterm brain during critical periods of development contributes to behavioral and socioemotional problems in preterm children. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) clinical features are more frequent in preterm children compared with their full-term counterparts; however, true rates of ASD and ADHD vary across stud...
Source: Clinics in Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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