Commentary: Comparative Analysis of Phylogenetic Assignment of Human and Avian ExPEC and Fecal Commensal Escherichia coli Using the (Previous and Revised) Clermont Phylogenetic Typing Methods and its Impact on Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) Classification

Marjanca Star čič Erjavec, Luka Predojević, Darja Žgur-Bertok
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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This study aimed at identifying potential sources and transmission routes of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in commercial turkey farms. C. jejuni and C. coli isolates from breeders (n = 29, 20 C. jejuni and 9 C. coli) and their progeny (n = 51, 18 C. jejuni and 33 C. coli) reared in two different farms for three sequential production cycles were analysed by Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST). Strains (n = 88, 42 C. jejuni and 46 C. coli) isolated from environmental (i.e. anteroom and in-house overshoes), water (i.e. drinkers and water line), and pest (i.e. flies, Alphitobius diaperinus, and mice) sources were also examined...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
AbstractBirds, with their broad geographic ranges and close association with humans, have historically played an important role as carriers of human disease and as reservoirs for drug-resistant bacteria. Here, we examine scientific literature over a 15-year timespan to identify reported avian-bacterial associations and factors that may impact zoonotic disease emergence by classifying traits of bird species and their bacteria. We find that the majority of wild birds studied were migratory, in temperate habitats, and in the order Passeriformes. The highest diversity of bacteria was found on birds in natural habitats. The mos...
Source: EcoHealth - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 122 Author(s): Abass Tanhaiean, Marjan Azghandi, Jamshid Razmyar, Elyas Mohammadi, Mohammad Hadi Sekhavati Over the last decades, poultry industry faced to the rapid emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria as a global concern. Antimicrobial peptide (AMPs) known as potential antibiotic alternative and were considered as a new antimicrobial agent. Current methods of production and purification of AMPs have several limitations such as: costly, time-consuming and killing the producing host cells in recombinant form. In the present study, a chimeric pepti...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract The effect of a competitive exclusion product (Aviguard®) on the selection of fluoroquinolone resistance in poultry was assessed in vivo in the absence or presence of fluoroquinolone treatment. Two experiments using a controlled seeder-sentinel animal model (2seeders:4sentinels per group) with one-day-old chicks were used. For both experiments,as soon as the chicks were hatched, the animals of two groups were administered Aviguard® and two groups were left untreated. Three days later, all groups were inoculated with an enrofloxacin-susceptible commensal E. coli strain. Five days after hatching, tw...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
This study, for the first time, identified novel antigenic epitopes on the H5N1 HA2 subunit. Two epitopes, found in the HA2 ectodomain, have never been described for AIV infection in any animal species. Also one HA2 epitope was found to have high potential as a DIVA antigen.
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Authors: Wang X, Zhao Y, Li L, Cheng Z, Wang G Abstract TRIM62 is a member of the tripartite interaction motif (TRIM) family and exerts crucial roles in innate immune response and cancer. To investigate the relationship between its distribution and avian retrovirus replication, in the present study, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against chicken TRIM62 was generated. The open reading frame of chicken TRIM62 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and inserted into the expression vector pET-28a. The recombinant expression vectors were transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). Then recombinant protein His-T...
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 120 Author(s): Cong Zhang, Jiangfei Zhou, Kairui Cai, Wufan Zhang, Chengshui Liao, Chen Wang Thymosin α1 (Tα1) and bursin-like peptide (BLP) are both immunopotentiators. In order to investigate adjuvant of thymosin α1-bursin-like peptide (Tα1-BLP), we cloned the gene of Tα1-BLP and provided evidence that the gene of Tα1-BLP in a recombinant prokaryotic expression plasmid was successfully expressed in E. coli BL21. To evaluate the immune adjuvant properties of Tα1-BLP, chickens were immunized with Tα1-BLP combi...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The original article [1] contains errors in author panels and their contributions, errors in both the Methodology and the Results sections, and errors with respect to funding sources. The affected sections of ...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Correction Source Type: research
This study tries to address the underlying secondary mechanisms after H9N2 AIV infection. Initially, nine day-old specific pathogen-free chickens were assigned to control (uninfected) and H9N2-infected groups, respectively. Using Illumina sequencing, histological examination, and quantitative real-time PCR, it was found that H9N2 AIV caused intestinal microbiota disorder, injury, and inflammatory damage to the intestinal mucosa. Notably, the genera Escherichia, especially E. coli, significantly increased (p < 0.01) at five days post-infection (dpi), while Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, and other probiotic organisms we...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2018 Source:Microbiological Research Author(s): Renu Verma, Thaís Cabrera Galvão Rojas, Renato Pariz Maluta, Janaína Luisa Leite, Gerson Nakazato, Wanderley Dias de Silveira Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains belong to the extra-intestinal pathogenic group of E. coli (ExPEC) that causes colibacillosis in poultry. A variety of putative virulence factors of APEC are recognized as potent causes of pathogenicity, the mechanisms underlying their pathogenicity are still not fully understood. The role of yicS in the virulence of pathogenic E. coli is st...
Source: Microbiological Research - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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