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64th session of the Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean concludes in Pakistan

12 October 2017, Islamabad, Pakistan – Members of WHO’s Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean today concluded their 64th Session, endorsing a number of resolutions that will have a positive impact on the health of populations in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.  Among the topics discussed were cancer, climate change, the health of adolescents and antimicrobial resistance. Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide and estimates indicate that by 2030 the Region will have the highest increase in cancer burden among all six WHO regions. In its final resolutions, the Regional Committee endorsed a regional framework for action on cancer prevention and control to scale up guidance to Member States in support of international commitments and to guide country decision-making on policy options and priority interventions for cancer prevention and control according to national contexts.  Climate change is among the biggest global health threats of the 21st century posing serious, yet preventable, effects on human health and exacerbating morbidity and mortality, especially among vulnerable populations.  The Regional Committee endorsed a framework for action on climate change and health to guide the health sector response to climate change, in collaboration with other health-determining sectors, and build the resilience of health systems.  The health of adolescents has for too long been neglected, but is now being rec...
Source: WHO EMRO News - Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

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Glaxo and Johnson&Johnson top a new measure of how drugmakers do against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which are becoming a global emergency.
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BOSTON (CBS) – It’s a parent’s worst nightmare, hearing not only that your child has cancer but that she might also lose her eye. That’s exactly what happened to an Andover family and their 3-year-old daughter. But as Dr. Mallika Marshall reports, doctors at Boston Children’s Hospital are using a revolutionary technique to try to save her vision and her life. A little over a year ago Dania Snyder was a typical toddler until her parents noticed something unusual about her right eye. “You could see a little flash of a fleshy piece sort of through her pupil,” explains PJ, Dania’...
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KNOXVILLE, Tenn. - A couple on Dec. 11 filed a complaint in Tennessee federal court seeking damages against Monsanto Co., alleging that it knew that the chemical glyphosate, which is the active ingredient in the herbicide Roundup, could pose "significant risks to human health, including a risk of cancer" yet misrepresented it as safe (Warren Ahrent, et al. v. Monsanto Company, No. 18-65, E.D. Tenn.).
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Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series Published and unpublished studies by investigators in the pharmaceutical industry indicate that a disturbingly high number of academic laboratories' reports nominating potential new cancer-drug targets are either non-reproducible or, if reproducible, are not sufficiently robust to form the basis for drug-discovery efforts. The reasons are likely multifactorial, including the ubiquitous use of " down " assays in cancer biology (e.g. decreased cell proliferation, decreased tumor growth, etc.) that incorporate chemical and genetic perturbants that are prone to cause off-target effe...
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We are thrilled that our recently published article addressing the heritability of  colorectal cancer (CRC) in twins1 has spurred broader discussion about screening practices in families affected by the disease. In an editorial accompanying our article, Sammader and Curtin2 elaborated on the burden of CRC among first-degree relatives of probands and cited additional evidence tha t screening may prove especially effective for individuals with a family history. Matuchansky has now further recapitulated existing literature that suggests that familial risk may be higher for siblings than for parents or children of probands.
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Conclusions:Children with EA are exposed to significant amounts of radiation and an increased estimated cumulative cancer mortality risk. Efforts should be made to eliminate superfluous imaging. Objectives: Cases of esophageal carcinoma have been documented in survivors of esophageal atresia (EA). Children with EA undergo considerable amounts of diagnostic imaging and consequent radiation exposure potentially increasing their lifetime cancer mortality risk. This study evaluates the radiological procedures performed on patients with EA and estimates their cumulative radiation exposure and attributable lifetime cancer mo...
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ABSTRACTObjective:Helicobacter pylori infection occurs predominantly in childhood. Host immune response gene polymorphism is reported to affect the susceptibility to H pylori infection and the outcome of H pylori-related gastric cancer. Not all H pylori-infected patients, however, exhibit iron deficiency (ID). The relationship between host genetic polymorphisms and ID mediated by H pylori infection is not well understood.Methods:Subjects (nā€Š=ā€Š644) from the general population of age 10 to 18 years were divided into 2 groups based on serology testing for anti-H pylori IgG: seropositive study group; and seronegative contr...
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