Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System.

Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System. Alcohol Res. 2017;38(2):219-241 Authors: Piano MR Abstract Alcohol use has complex effects on cardiovascular (CV) health. The associations between drinking and CV diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and cardiomyopathy have been studied extensively and are outlined in this review. Although many behavioral, genetic, and biologic variants influence the interconnection between alcohol use and CV disease, dose and pattern of alcohol consumption seem to modulate this most. Low-to-moderate alcohol use may mitigate certain mechanisms such as risk and hemostatic factors affecting atherosclerosis and inflammation, pathophysiologic processes integral to most CV disease. But any positive aspects of drinking must be weighed against serious physiological effects, including mitochondrial dysfunction and changes in circulation, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and programmed cell death, as well as anatomical damage to the CV system, especially the heart itself. Both the negative and positive effects of alcohol use on particular CV conditions are presented here. The review concludes by suggesting several promising avenues for future research related to alcohol use and CV disease. These include using direct biomarkers of alcohol to confirm self-report of alcohol consumption levels; studying potential mediation of various genetic, socioeconomic, and racial and eth...
Source: Alcohol Research - Category: Addiction Tags: Alcohol Res Source Type: research

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Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research
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Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
Tiffany Grant, PhD, Assistant Director for Research and Informatics at the University of Cincinnati Health Sciences Library, applied and received a GMR award for a community partnership to improve health literacy and address health disparities. Project Background: Racial and ethnic minorities, those in rural and/or urban areas, and those living in medically underserved areas are at high risk for health-related disparities. Low-income wages, reduced government services, and low educational attainment are a few reasons why these population groups have significant barriers overcoming food insecurity, obesity, mental health is...
Source: The Cornflower - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Blog Consumer Health Funding News from the Region Outreach Success Stories awards Source Type: news
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Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Cardiology Mainstream media Public Health & Policy Source Type: blogs
Funding to support pilot/feasibility testing or pre-trial feasibility and acceptability testing for new, revised, or adapted prevention and intervention approaches around issues related to drug and alcohol use. Geographic coverage: Nationwide -- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Source: Funding opportunities via the Rural Health Information Hub - Category: American Health Source Type: funding
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