Log in to search using one of your social media accounts:


Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System.

Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System. Alcohol Res. 2017;38(2):219-241 Authors: Piano MR Abstract Alcohol use has complex effects on cardiovascular (CV) health. The associations between drinking and CV diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and cardiomyopathy have been studied extensively and are outlined in this review. Although many behavioral, genetic, and biologic variants influence the interconnection between alcohol use and CV disease, dose and pattern of alcohol consumption seem to modulate this most. Low-to-moderate alcohol use may mitigate certain mechanisms such as risk and hemostatic factors affecting atherosclerosis and inflammation, pathophysiologic processes integral to most CV disease. But any positive aspects of drinking must be weighed against serious physiological effects, including mitochondrial dysfunction and changes in circulation, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and programmed cell death, as well as anatomical damage to the CV system, especially the heart itself. Both the negative and positive effects of alcohol use on particular CV conditions are presented here. The review concludes by suggesting several promising avenues for future research related to alcohol use and CV disease. These include using direct biomarkers of alcohol to confirm self-report of alcohol consumption levels; studying potential mediation of various genetic, socioeconomic, and racial and eth...
Source: Alcohol Research - Category: Addiction Tags: Alcohol Res Source Type: research

Related Links:

Results from experiments on mice with cerebral ischemia are promising and produce blood-flow images that are comparable to those obtained with MRI, but in real time.
Source: Nanotechweb.org News - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusion: The established real‐time PCR assay is a sensitive, specific, and repeatable method for quantitatively detecting crAssphage, and thus is a very useful tool for investigating the molecular epidemiology, dynamics, and pathogenicity of crAssphage in human diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Authors: Dutra S, Gomes FV, Bilhim T, Coimbra É Abstract The authors present a case of a 39-year-old man with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis that was admitted in the emergency department after a car accident, complaining of abdominal pain and looking pale. The patient was hemodinamically unstable, requiring blood transfusions. He underwent computed tomography angiogram of the abdomen and pelvis, showing a pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery and a hemoperitoneum. He was referred to our interventional radiology unit and submitted to endovascular treatment, consisting of 'backdoor' and 'frontdoor' embol...
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
Conclusion: This Latin American prospective cohort investigation confirmed specific factors important for the development of delirium and the outcome of death among general intensive care unit patients. In both analyses, we found that the duration of mechanical ventilation was a predictor of untoward outcomes.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Background: Stressors associated with military service and reintegration may impact psychologic well-being and behaviors that result in increased incidence rates for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Objective: Using electronic health record data from the Veterans Health Administration we sought to measure the incidence of newly diagnosed CV risk factors and how these incident risks were moderated by race and mental health conditions. Design: A cohort study including Veterans whose end of last deployment was between October 1, 2001 and July 31, 2014. Subjects: A total of 267,305 Operations Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedo...
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Serum CgA is a sensitive and effective noninvasive laboratory test for the clinical detection and management of NETs. Awareness of the pitfalls of the tests in patients with non-NET conditions, particularly chronic diseases and use of certain drugs, is important to be considered during the interpretation of the CgA levels. PMID: 29026467 [PubMed]
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe prevalence of abnormal urinalysis was more common in patients with psoriasis than in controls. The positive correlation between the prevalence of pathological albuminuria and psoriasis severity may indicate a subclinical renal dysfunction in patients with psoriasis.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Despite a growing literature on college students' sexual behaviors, little is known about how sexual behaviors, and their associations with alcohol, differ for college and noncollege attenders, and whether these patterns represent changes during college or...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This paper examines the evolving social identities of young adolescents in regard to alcohol and drinking culture in Norway. Detailed analysis of 29 focus group interviews and 32 individual interviews with 12-13-year-olds reveal a thorough negative attitud...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
OBJECTIVES: We estimated the prevalence of 2 key violent behaviors (weapons carrying and physical fighting), determined the health risk correlates of violent behavior, such as current tobacco smoking, alcohol binge drinking, and having multiple sexual part...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
More News: Addiction | Alcoholism | Cardiology | Cardiomyopathy | Cardiovascular | Coronary Heart Disease | Genetics | Heart | Heart Disease | Hypertension | Mitochondrial Disease | Stroke