Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System.
Alcohol's Effects on the Cardiovascular System. Alcohol Res. 2017;38(2):219-241 Authors: Piano MR Abstract Alcohol use has complex effects on cardiovascular (CV) health. The associations between drinking and CV diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and cardiomyopathy have been studied extensively and are outlined in this review. Although many behavioral, genetic, and biologic variants influence the interconnection between alcohol use and CV disease, dose and pattern of alcohol consumption seem to modulate this most. Low-to-moderate alcohol use may mitigate certain mechanisms such as risk and hemostatic factors affecting atherosclerosis and inflammation, pathophysiologic processes integral to most CV disease. But any positive aspects of drinking must be weighed against serious physiological effects, including mitochondrial dysfunction and changes in circulation, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and programmed cell death, as well as anatomical damage to the CV system, especially the heart itself. Both the negative and positive effects of alcohol use on particular CV conditions are presented here. The review concludes by suggesting several promising avenues for future research related to alcohol use and CV disease. These include using direct biomarkers of alcohol to confirm self-report of alcohol consumption levels; studying potential mediation of various genetic, socioeconomic, and racial and eth...
CONCLUSIONS: The intention and motivation to alcohol dependence treatment seem to be high at the beginning of the treatment, but recognition of the alcohol problems were low in highly dependent patients. Marital status was connected with an increased active component for readiness to change. The passive component (decreasing the ambivalence) was observed in the unmarried patients. PMID: 29919989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
(Reuters Health) - Even when the heart rhythm disorder known as atrial fibrillation goes away after treatment, patients' risk of stroke may still be higher than average, a large UK study suggests.
There is a decades-long legacy of studies showing the adverse health affects that children suffer after separation from their parents - from toxic stress and depression to heart disease and cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: A total of 8 common differential genes are screened, and functional annotation and pathway analysis are conducted, which is conducive to further studying the interactions between the differentially expressed genes. PMID: 29917210 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: MiRNA-26a promotes angiogenesis in a rat model of cerebral ischemic via PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK pathway. PMID: 29917203 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: This pilot study suggests that FPP AOT is a feasible intervention and the research protocol designed would be suitable, with minor modifications, for the conduction of a subsequent stage 2 trial designed to verify the hypothesis that the adjunct of FPP AOT might improve motor performance in individuals with IPD.
Tiffany Grant, PhD, Assistant Director for Research and Informatics at the University of Cincinnati Health Sciences Library, applied and received a GMR award for a community partnership to improve health literacy and address health disparities. Project Background: Racial and ethnic minorities, those in rural and/or urban areas, and those living in medically underserved areas are at high risk for health-related disparities. Low-income wages, reduced government services, and low educational attainment are a few reasons why these population groups have significant barriers overcoming food insecurity, obesity, mental health is...
Around one million people in Britain and up to six times as many in the US suffer from atrial fibrillation, which can cause a stroke and eventually lead to heart failure.
A new study confirms something we here at HealthNewsReview.org have been emphasizing for many years: Health news stories often overstate the evidence from a new study, inaccurately claiming that one thing causes another — as in drinking alcohol might help you live longer, facial exercises may keep your cheeks perky, and that diet soda might be a direct line to dementia. The researchers looked at the 50 “most-shared academic articles and media articles covering them” in 2015, according to data from the NewsWhip database. Seven of the 50 studies were randomi...
Funding to support pilot/feasibility testing or pre-trial feasibility and acceptability testing for new, revised, or adapted prevention and intervention approaches around issues related to drug and alcohol use. Geographic coverage: Nationwide -- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services