Risk of First Onset Stroke in SSRI-Exposed Adult Subjects: Survival Analysis and Examination of Age and Time Effects.

In this study, we investigated age and time effects on the risk of first onset stroke in SSRI-exposed (SSRIEXP) adult subjects. METHODS: We analyzed an 8-year cohort from the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan. Patients were defined as SSRIEXP subjects if they received SSRI prescriptions for at least 2 consecutive months during January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2007. Otherwise, they were categorized as SSRI-nonexposed (SSRINONE) subjects. Stroke diagnosis was made according to ICD-9 codes 430-432 (hemorrhagic stroke) and 433-437 (ischemic stroke). RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a greater probability of first onset stroke in SSRIEXP than SSRINONE subjects (P
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Background and Purpose—Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and disability. We assessed trends in rates of hospitalized stroke and stroke severity on admission in a prospective national registry of stroke from 2004 to 2013.Methods—All 6693 acute ischemic strokes and intracerebral hemorrhage in the National Acute Stroke Israeli participants ≥20 years old were included. Data were prospectively collected in 2004 (February–March), 2007 (March–April), 2010 (April–May), and 2013 (March–April). Rates of hospitalized stroke from 2004 to 2013 were studied using generalized linear models assu...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Epidemiology, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Conclusions—In this population, previous IVT improved functional outcome and survival at 3 months in patients treated by MT. While waiting for randomized controlled trials, this result encourages not to avoid IVT before MT.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—Clinical utility of electronic Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (e-ASPECTS), an automated system for quantifying signs of infarction, was evaluated in a large database of thrombolyzed patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods—All baseline noncontrast computed tomographic scans of patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke who participated in the alteplase dose arm of the randomized controlled trial ENCHANTED (Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study) were reviewed; poor quality and large (>6 mm) slice thickness were excluded. Included scans ha...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—In patients with transient ischemic attack/ischemic stroke, microbleed burden predicts intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and ischemic stroke, but implications for antiplatelet treatment are uncertain. Previous cohort studies have had insufficient follow-up to assess the time course of risks, have not stratified risks by antithrombotic use, and have not reported extracranial bleeds or functional outcome of ICH versus ischemic stroke.Methods—In 2 independent prospective cohorts with transient ischemic attack/ischemic stroke (Oxford Vascular Study/mainly white; University of Hong Kong/mainly C...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—Experimental models of cerebral ischemia demonstrate that the decrease in the caveolin-1 membrane protein results in an increase in endothelial permeability. Because this phenomenon is responsible for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia, we aimed to determine whether caveolin-1 levels may predict bleeding after recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA) administration in patients with acute stroke.Methods—We studied 133 patients with a first hemispheric stroke treated with r-tPA within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. HT was evaluated and classified on cranial co...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Biomarkers, Endothelium/Vascular Type/Nitric Oxide, Blood-Brain Barrier, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research
This article reviews the epidemiological and clinical data concerning stroke incidence and burden around the globe. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome and ischemic stroke were the most common neurologic complications in our heart transplant recipients. The other complications were hemorrhagic stroke, intracranial abscess, and intracranial dissemination of sinusoidal fungal infection. Neurologic complications are common in heart transplant recipients and should be identified promptly for early treatment. For the recognition of these complications, computed tomography should be performed for initial evaluation to rule out edema or hemorrhage. However, in the presence of serious neurologic symptoms that cannot b...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
Authors: Funaki T, Takahashi JC, Miyamoto S Abstract In this article, the authors review the literature related to long-term outcome of pediatric moyamoya disease, focusing on late cerebrovascular events and social outcome of pediatric patients once they reach adulthood. Late-onset de novo hemorrhage is rare but more serious than recurrence of ischemic stroke. Long-term follow-up data on Asian populations suggest that the incidence of de novo hemorrhage might increase at age 20 or later, even more than 10 years after bypass surgery. Social adaptation difficulty, possibly related to cognitive impairment caused by fr...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
In this study however, they didn’t assess the risk of developing diabetes, which may be because diabetes is a newer disease in the Chinese population and there is not good documentation of who has it,” Richard said. Still, she noted, “this will be very important data for helping develop dietary prevention guidelines in China.” Cardiovascular disease, which takes the lives of 17.7 million people every year, is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. Cardiovascular disease causes nearly a third — 31% — of all global deaths each year....
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Eggs Heart Disease Local TV Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCerebral autoregulation (CA) is a mechanism that maintains cerebral blood flow constant despite fluctuations in systemic arterial blood pressure. This review will focus on recent studies that measured CA non-invasively in acute cerebrovascular events, a feature unique to the transcranial Doppler ultrasound. We will summarize the rationale for CA assessment in acute cerebrovascular disorders and specifically evaluate the existing data on the value of CA measures in relation to clinical severity, guiding management decisions, and prognostication.Recent FindingsExisting data suggest that CA is general...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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