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Childhood obesity 10 times higher than 1970s

The World Health Organization is warning of serious physical and psychological consequences from the alarming rise in obesity rates. CBS News' Teri Okita reports.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Abstract AimsThe comparative efficacy of Roux‐en‐Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy on Type 2 diabetes remission and the role of weight loss are unclear. The DiaRem Type 2 diabetes remission prediction score uses HbA1c, age and Type 2 diabetes medications but not Type 2 diabetes duration. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of the DiaRem score with the DiaBetter score that includes Type 2 diabetes duration, upon combined (complete plus partial) 2‐year post‐surgery Type 2 diabetes remission in people following RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy, and to investigate the relationship between ...
Source: Diabetic Medicine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract Emerging evidence shows that obesity induces renal injury and is an independent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even without diabetes or hyperglycemia. Although multiple metabolic factors have been suggested to account for obesity-associated renal injury, the precious underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Recent study shows that increased trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO), a gut microbiota-generated metabolite, directly contributes to renal interstitial fibrosis and dysfunction. Circulating TMAO is elevated in high-fat diets (HFD)-induced obese animals. Here we ...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for 1% of all breast cancer. Adult obesity and tallness are risk factors for MBC, but the role of adolescent fatness is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) in adolescence and the incidence of MBC in a large cohort of 16‐19 year‐old Israeli males. 1,382,093 Jewish Israeli males aged 16‐19 who underwent anthropometric measurements, a General Intelligence Test (GIT) and other examinations during 1967‐2011, were followed up to 31.12.2012 for MBC incidence. Cox proportional hazards models assessed the association between adolescent ...
Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Gabrielle Deydier ’ s plaintive account and sociological study exposes the many ways the obese face censure and insensitivity.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Obesity Deydier, Gabrielle France Hiring and Promotion Weight On Ne Nait Pas Grosse (Book) Women and Girls Source Type: news
Abstract Gut microbiota play critical physiological roles in energy extraction from the intestine and in the control of systemic immunity, as well as local intestinal immunity. Disturbance of gut microbiota leads to the development of several diseases, such as colitis, inflammatory bowel diseases, metabolic disorders, cancer, etc. From a metabolic point of view, the gut is a large metabolic organ and one of the first to come into contact with dietary fats. Interestingly, excessive dietary fat has been incriminated as a primary culprit of metabolic syndrome and obesity. After intake of high-fat diet or Western diet...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Contributors : Musselman Laura Palanker ; Baranski Thomas JohnSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Drosophila melanogasterChronic high-sugar feeding (1 M or 34% sucrose) leads to hyperglycemia, obesity, and insulin resistance in adult flies, compared with those fed a control diet (0.15 M or 5% sucrose). We compared two days and four weeks of high-sugar feeding to look at short- and long- term effects on gene expression.We used Affymetrix Drosophila GeneChip 2.0 microarrays to quantify differential expression between control and high-sugar-fed flies at two time points.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Drosophila melanogaster Source Type: research
Purpose: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes. Study Design and Methods: A cohort of children (n = 14,318) of all mothers enrolled in Nurse–Fa...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
ConclusionExperimental and human research raises the possibility that Galectin‐3, which is closely linked to the inflammatory cascade, could be of value as a prognostic marker and therapeutic target in cerebrovascular disease.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: European Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The obese type 2 diabetic patients presented a disturbed adipokine profile, which seems to be an important link between obesity and T2D. The future studies concerning the question if regulating of adipokines' concentrations could be a promising approach for managing metabolic disorders seem to be well-grounded. PMID: 29049270 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
This article will also discuss the insufficient evidence related to pharmacotherapy as well as providing an overview of using physiologic rather than chronologic age for identifying suitable candidates for bariatric surgery.
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
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